Dec 10, 2018

Project completion report:

Background:

Every year in west Nepal flood affects the lives of rural people causing loss of property, damage of infrastructures and sometimes human loss. On Aug. 12-15, 2017 massive flood affected more than 12733 families displaced losing their property. Backward Society Education (BASE) is national NGO working in west Nepal since its establishment in 1991 and most of the flood affected families are the beneficiaries of BASE. Therefore BASE explores funding and applied for grant to GlobalGiving for the support to flood affected families. There was dire need to the flood affected families including food grain, temporary shelter, blankets, portable water, clothing, and medicine and education material for the school going children.

Introduction:

This is the project completion report of Recovery Support to Flood Victims in Nepal project (# 29173). BASE has received this grant in October 3, 2017 and October 29, 2017 and provided educational material support to the children those who lost their education materials by flood. Under the Recovery Support project, the school education materials were provided to the school children in Dang district, Nepal. The total grant received USD $ 1593.00 (In words one thousand five hundred ninety three US Dollar). The details expenses of the report can be seen in another sheet.

Brief summary about activities under the Recovery Support to Flood Victims in Nepal project:

a)      Meeting with school administration for the authentic data of flood affected children:

At first, meeting was organized with schools administration and teachers of five schools where flood affected in August 2017 in Dang district, Nepal. During the meeting BASE field staffs explained about the education materials support process and selection criteria for the flood affected children. The school administration provided detail data of flood affected children with formal letter to BASE.

b)     Education material distribution ceremony:

In close coordination and cooperation of school administration, BASE  organized school education material distribution ceremony which started from Dec. 15, 2017 and concluded on 19, Dec. 2017.Altogether, 96 school students (57 gilrs and 39 boys) received support from the project. During the educational material distribution ceremony, parents of the children were also invited. Based on the data, BASE prepared the package for the educational materials for grade wise children and provided them educational materials for their continue education who lost their educational materials by flood in Aug. 2017.

  • Support to early childhood development kids:

Based on discussion with parents and school administration, it was found that warm cloths is the dire need for kids during schooling. Under this project 12 kids from five different schools who are going in government early childhood development center (pre-school session) have received sweater to protect from cold.

  • Support to grade 1-3 school kids:

Under this project 24 kids received educational materials. Each child received one and half dozen copy, one and half dozen pencil, one eraser and one pencil cutter from the project.These supports help them for their regular schooling.

  • Support to grade 4-7 school kids: Altogether 41 kids received educational materials support. Each child received one and half dozen copy, one pen, one bottle pen ink, and one set geometric box and one dictionary (Nepali to English) from the project. These supports have been a great help for them for their regular education.
  • Support to grade 8-10 school kids:

Under this project in total 19 students received educational materials. Each child received three dozen copies, one pen and one bottle pen ink, one set geometric box and one dictionary from the project. These supports help them to continue their education.

 

 

 

c)      Organize orientation on preparedness, sanitation and hygiene:

To build the capacity of community to cope with natural disaster including flood the project also provided opportunity to gain knowledge and skill through orientation session on preparedness, sanitation and hygiene. In order to make aware community people about the personal hygiene, people were made aware about the ways of hand washing, proper usage toilets, and purification of water, food hygiene and menstrual hygiene management. This orientation session was conducted through BASE's technical person. During orientation education material supported children's' parents attended and some of the community people also joined during the session. The project has made orientation to more than 100 individuals and got informed on hygiene promotion behavior.

 

d)     Challenges and measures taken

  • Late and unfair availability of name list of affected children/families by the concerned officials/authority. The project teams visited to the concerned community and institutions (schools) and recollect the availability of data.
  • The project had limited materials for distribution but the number of affected children is more. The project team consulted to the respective institutions (schools) during the time of distribution.
  • Due to the flash flood, people are badly affected. They lost their food grains, cloths and utensils along with other goods. So in such a situation, the project with limited sources reached for community with education material support for the school going children. For the relief support, the government authority made mechanism through other agencies. The support which has been distributed to children has become useful for their regular education.

Long-term impact of the project

The project will build the capacity of community to cope with natural disasters including flood as the community people have been prepared the Local Disaster Reduction and Mitigation Plan (LDRMP) with the support of BASE field volunteers. During the education materials distribution ceremony there was talk program and message were deliver on how to keep safe of food, grain, educational materials including other properties of the community. The children were also received the orientation on how to be safe with flash flood. It was also raised awareness on safe drinking water during flood and after flood. It improves their livelihoods and health. There are community groups formed in the project site and organized networks will be mobilized in long run and be ready to make response during flood/disasters. The community people has been applying and changed their crop pattern which has been minimized the destruction of crops and increase the productivity. Those children who received educational materials are continuing their education which is good for their future. The initiatives is also contributed to achieve of Nepal government' Sustainable Development Goal # 4- Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning.


Attachments:
Nov 5, 2018

Project completion report- child labor education

  1. Background:

Nepal is a landlocked country in South Asia is bordered by two giants' country-India and China. Nepal has a traditional economic system in which the majority of the population engaged in subsistence agriculture. Nepal is under developed country and poverty rate is 25.2%  (according to the population census 2011). In each year, millions of people including children victimized by traffickers and they easily trapped to the innocent people and children by fake promises and commitment. The children are coerced into forced labor, forced begging, sexual exploitation and domestic servitude.

The incidence of child labor in Nepal is higher in comparison with other countries in south Asia. The majority of children age 6-15 in the labor force work in the agriculture field. The agricultural sector is very dangerous for children, due to their exposure to harmful chemicals and dangerous weather conditions. The children are also involved in domestic labor for the purpose of childcare, cooking, fetching water and cleaning.  Poverty is a driver of child labor because the cost of schooling is very high. Not having access to schooling often leads parents to find employment for their children.  Children who are enrolled in school often have to work in order to afford the costs of schooling.

Thus large numbers of the children are found dropped out from school due to the scarcity of economic opportunities at home, social and educational awareness. These children work for 17-18 hours a day and they do not even get their wages from their owners. In Nepal, poorest families are unable to afford cost of education for their children and by desperation and or custom are often compelled to send their children out as child labor.Nepal has open border with India therefore most of the women and children has been sent to India. Therefore BASE explores funding and applied for grant to for the support to Education Support for Child Laborers.

In July 2018 Nepal federal government passed Master Plans that prohibit child labor in all work sectors. As per the master plan the use of children as domestic helpers, porters, farm workers, in collection and trafficking of narcotic drugs, in the carpet weaving, embroidery and hosiery, in brick kilns, in mining sector, in the entertainment business (including sexual abuse), and in the transport sector has been prohibited. All these form of child labor have been declared serious crime and draw maximum penalty in case of non- compliance. The main goal of the Master Plan is to put an end all types of child labor until 2025. However, this strong decision made by Nepal government is in questions to ensure effective implementation in the society.

  1. Introduction:

This is the project completion report of Education Support for Child Laborers in Nepal (Project # 27536). Backward Society Education (BASE) has received this grant in two times (one is on May 31, 2017 and second is on July 31, 2017). BASE has been working for child rights and advocacy since the organization established in mid and far west regions of Nepal. BASE has been carrying out several interventions to address the issues and needs of child labors.

BASE has been successfully implementing the project entitled Education support for child laborers in Nepal in the financial support by the Global Giving. Under the project, in total 37 child labor (16 boys and 21 girls) received educational material support and 10 (ten) parents received tools and business support in Dang, Kailali and Banke districts. The major aim of the program is to stop child labor, reduce drop out and out of school children by accessing them to education. At the same time making parents responsible through parent's awareness session and vocational support or income generation activities (IGA) with skill development training which will contribute in eliminating child labor from community in sustainable way and contribute to achieve SDG 1-end poverty in all its forms everywhere, SDG 4- ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunity for all,  SDG 5- achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls and SDG 8- promote sustainable, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all.

 

BASE has done coordination with local government institution before educational material support as the local government institutions are the responsible to ensure the quality education for all children in their constituencies.  In our project areas the local government is serious to make child labor free in their constituencies so hazardous child labor is not found. BASE has provided support to those children who were working as child labor. Although, children's' are enrolled in schools but lack of proper educational material their learning level is very week and they are irregular at class. Due to lack of educational material and school uniform children feel shame with their class mate.  So the chance of drop out is high of children from school.  Therefore BASE has decided to provide educational material support to those children who are in vulnerable. The educational material support to children and livelihood support to their parents help to break the practice of child labor.

  1. Summary of the project achievement:
  • 37 children (16 boys and 21 girls) received educational material and out of 37,  2 girls are rescued from the land lords home in Kailali district,
  • 10 (ten) parents received tools and business support in Dang and Banke district,
  • 7 (seven) staff including 2 board member received orientation about the project modality,
  • 15 parents received parenting education session,
  • 5 (five) parents received tools and business support

 

  1. Brief summary about activities under the Education Support for Child Laborers in Nepal (Project # 27536): The following are the activities carried out by BASE in the project proposed districts.

 

4.1  Program  orientation meeting

BASE has formed a team to carry out for the effective implementation of the project activities related to this project. The two board members have assigned for this task and they received orientation about project modality from senior staff of BASE. The orientation meeting was held on Aug. 20, 2017 at central project office Tulsipur Dang, Nepal for a full day. The objective of the meeting was to make common understanding and program implementation modality. The Executive Director of BASE Mr. Churna Bahadur and project leader Mr. Mahabir was facilitated the meeting. The meeting has crafted the plan including first priority to make small survey to identify child laborers who are worst form or out of school. The data gathering from survey has helped to keep the record of child labor and also helped to start support for education materials and vocational support for their parents.

4.2  Coordination and linkages

In order to maximize the collaborative action especially for the rescue of child labor BASE has made coordination and linkages with other state and non-state actors in project districts. To make rescue of the children from his/her work place it was so risky and owner might not have easily release the child. So, considering the situation BASE has been continue making coordination with local government authorities,  law enforcement authorities, journalist, human rights and civil society networks members. The coordination meeting was helped to make clear objectives of the project initiative that was implemented during implementation of activities.

4.3  Educational material and school uniform support to child labor:

 

The major aim of the program is to stop child labor, reduce drop out and out of school children by accessing them to education. BASE has been provided educational materials to those who were working as child labor and each child received  2 dozen copies, 2 pens, one set geometric box, English Nepali dictionary-1, school bag-1, sweeter -1, shirt-1, Meddy-1, choose- 1pair and suck- 1 pair. These support will help to the children for their continue education at government school and ultimately contribute to break the child labor practice. The support will also address the problem of child labor through improving educational standards as well.

 

4.4  Parenting education:

In rural areas of Nepal still parents are not fully aware of the importance of childhood and their education. Many parents believe that female children should be at home doing domestic work instead of going to school. The main reason is that there would not be enough people supporting the household and that girls will be given away in marriage which is not beneficial at their home. Girls who do go to school are still expected to do the same amount of labor at home because they typically do domestic work, while boys do less labor when they are enrolled in school because they typically do market work. From the home the gender discrimination starts by the parents. Considering the facts that BASE has conducted the parenting education where the parents receive awareness and enhanced knowledge on importance of childhood and education and ultimately they send their children at school for completion of education cycle. In total 15 parents received parenting education under this project. The parents are also encouraged to build their village as a child friendly (child labor free village).

 

4.5  Support to parents for business entrepreneurship tools:

To create a prosperous society and dignified and healthy life of the community people there should be economic development opportunity for the parents so that they can make plan for their children's education in sustainable way. Parents feel that by enrolling their children in school they are missing out on the income that they could bring in immediately and to address this issues it is dire need to provide support for the employment opportunity. Considering this above challenges BASE has provided support to the parents of child labor for the vocational skill with tools and material for small business enterprise. Under this project in total 7 (seven) parents received tools and business support. BASE has also encouraged them to make strong link with locally available micro finance institutions to extend their entrepreneurs or income generation activities (IGA). Before providing support it was made rapid assessment of market feasibility so that production can be sold easily. It is expected that they will afford education cost for their children. During follow up in the field they are continue running their business.

4.6.Rescued child labor and support educational material:

Under this project two children have been rescued from their landlord's home. Before rescue them BASE has made coordination with local government authorities, law enforcement authorities, journalist, human rights and civil society networks members. The coordination meeting was helped to rescue them. BASE has provided educational materials to those who were rescued from child labor. Ms. Shobha has rescued from landlord Mr. Mahendra in Kailali district and Ms. Santoshi rescued from landlord Mr. Jalal's home in Kailali district. They are now staying with their parents. Each child received  2 dozen copies, 2 pens, one set geometric box, English Nepali dictionary-1, school bag-1, sweeter -1, shirt-1, Meddy-1, choose- 1pair and suck- 1 pair. These support will help to the children for their continue education at government school.


Attachments:
Aug 7, 2018

Education Support For Child Laborers in Nepal

Success Story 1

Sarita- "I will attend school daily and work hard so that one day I can show everyone that former child laborer can do something for herself if given the opportunity."

Sarita, a former child laborer, is the daughter of Chet and is currently living with her parents in Rapti Sonari Rural Municipality Ward No. 5, Suntepari Village, Banke District. Her parents are low income earners. They have to provide for their three children and meet their basic needs. They live on a 5 khatta (0.04 acres) of land in their small hut. There is not enough land for them to cultivate. They have to take up casual work to supplement their income. Due to poverty, Chet and his wife had to take their 11-year-old daughter to a nearby village, Lalahi Village, to work as a casual laborer. She was forced to work as child caretaker for one year. She had to discontinue her studies after completing grade 5. She did not receive any wages for her work. She got food to eat and minimal clothing.

 After her situation was discovered by one of the BASE program field facilitator Ganesh, BASE convinced her parents to free the child from child labor. Ganesh counseled her parents about child labor, that it is the crime. He also counseled them on the importance of education. Sarita was freed and was able to continue with her studies. She enrolled in grade 6 in Shree Samaya Bhawani Adharbhut Bidhalaya Alinagar Village. Her parents are optimistic about being able to continue to provide her with an education. To support her education, Backward Society Education (BASE) provided her with school supplies and uniform.

 After receiving the support from BASE, Sarita is very excited and happy to be able to continue with her studies. She said, "I will attend school daily and work hard so that one day I can show everyone that former child laborer can do something for herself if given the opportunity." Sarita is committed to work hard at school and make her parents proud of her. They are grateful to BASE for helping them with Sarita and providing her with the school materials that she needed.

Success Story 2

 Nisha and Akrityare two sisters, aged 11 and 9 respectively, and stay alone in their own home in the care of their uncle and aunt in Rapti Sonari Rural Municipality Ward No. 5, Chacharpharka Village, Banke District. Nisha is grade 4 and Akrity in grade 3. They both attend Balak Shanti Adharbhut School Chacharpharka in Banke. They faced a lot of problems after their father died. Before their father’s death, they were attending school and leading normal lives. Their mother married another man after their father’s death and eloped with him. The children became orphans. They had to meet their own basic needs and therefore took up casual work. They would sometimes go to their maternal grandfather’s home to work, sometimes to a neighbor’s home to take care of children and during the rainy season they would work in the rice farms to earn a living.

 Though, the children were staying with their uncle and aunt. they could not fulfill all the needs of the two young girls. They too were agricultural laborers and were earning mere income. Their land was also not enough to practice subsistence farming. This is why the children have to look for work. Regardless of their economic situation, they have never faltered on their goal of receiving an education. They never compromised for education.

 After knowingly, BASE field staff Mr. Ganesh Kumar convinced the children's uncle that the practice of child labor is the crime and also the importance of education. Now the children's uncle is being positive to provide her education. In support to continue the children's education BASE had provided the stationary materials and school dress dedicating to their parents. After getting the support, the little girls are very cheering and encouraged to continue their school study. The family and the girls did commitment to continue their study for bright future. They gave thankful to the organization- BASE and program that supported to continue their school education.

 Nisha and Akrity were also discovered by BASE program field facilitator Ganesh. BASE convinced their uncle and aunt to free them from child labor. Ganesh counseled them about child labor, that it is the crime. He also counseled them on the importance of education. They are optimistic about being able to continue to provide her with an education. To support her education, Backward Society Education (BASE) provided her with school supplies and uniform.

 

 

 

 

 


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