The housing crisis has been a reality for many years. According to the Abbé Pierre Foundation in its last report on poor housing, there would be 3.8 million people not or badly housed (of which nearly 1 million in Ile-de-France), to which are added nearly 7 Millions of people in a situation of real fragility (degraded housing, unpaid rents, situation of over-occupation or even hosted by third parties). For the most modest households, housing is the most important expenditure. It represents 55% of their consumption budget, compared to food (17%) and transport (12%).
Particularity to the Ile-de-France region, Secours Catholique has identified people living in hotels as among the poorest in our communes. The majority are families, who are often in a precarious administrative situation. The situation of families staying in hotels is a major concern of the Secours Catholique teams in Ile-de-France. Indeed, the hotel is a proposal for accommodation increasing in the region, almost 400% in ten years.
Today, nearly 35,000 people, redirected by the Samu Social, are accommodated in hotels, mostly in the Paris suburbs. The hotels are often badly located, far from transport, shops, public services. The members of the family live in the promiscuity of their room, without intimacy, a situation favorable to the emergence of various sufferings, sometimes of violence and always tensions. The quality of the places is often deplorable (rats, molds, cockroaches ...), it is impossible to cook, hence the dependence on networks of solidarity, malnutrition, forced assistantship.
At the end of 2015, 600,000 households were waiting for social housing in Ile-de-France and only 82,418 social housing units had been allocated in 2015, ie 1 grant for about 8 applications. In 2015, there were 1,220,951 social housing units in Ile-de-France.
Although the social housing production activity in Ile-de-France has been in significant evolution for several years (the annual production level of social housing has doubled compared to 10 years ago, 30,100 social housing units financed in 2015), It can not meet the very high demand for social housing (640,000 applications registered in the national registration system). Indeed, despite an increase in production, the number of dwellings allocated each year does not follow this trend, due to the fall in turnover rates within the social park.
Other characteristics of the Ile-de-France: an social housing park very unevenly distributed on the regional territory with strong concentrations in certain territories, very high urban renewal needs and growing risks of ghettoisation, a very fragmented institutional context and Skills in urban planning and housing, spread over multiple territorial scales.
Ile-de-France won't emerge from the housing crisis with the only construction of social housing, indispensable, but currently insufficient. For the years to come, the capture of the existing private park for the benefit of the most deprived is therefore a necessity and represents a fundamental stake for the fight against housing and social mixing in the city center.
Some associations have already committed themselves to allow everyone access to housing, whatever their means of living. And 23 associations and cooperatives societies members of the Federation of Associations and Actors for the Promotion and Integration through Housing (FAAPIH) lodge vulnerable households in decent housing and adapted to their needs and their resources. These organizations can lease low-rent housing in a secure way for homeowners. Today, about 1,600 owners, including several local authorities, rely on these organizations in FAAPIH Ile-de-France.
Key figures to remember
- 3.8 million homeless people, including 150,000 people on the streets,
- 11 million people affected by the housing crisis,
- 1.2 million applicants for social housing,
- 2.3 million vacant premises in total, of which 2/3 belong to legal persons and 1/3 to private individuals,
- 500,000 vacant units in the 6 largest cities of France (Paris, Lille, Lyon, Marseille, Montpellier, Nice, Toulouse).
Actions of the Secours Catholique in the field of housing
The right to housing for the most deprived populations is a fundamental right for which Secours Catholique has been active since its creation.
Accommodations are part of the history of Secours Catholique, from the tents installed by our founder, Jean Rodhain, at the Porte d'Orléans during the winter of 1954 until today. Indeed, Secours Catholique has created during its history, various cities, prototypes of an accommodation for people in precarious situation. In 1990, he consolidated these institutions financed mainly by public funds in an association, the Association des Cités du Secours Catholique, which Secours Catholique have been supporting since the beginning.
What we do in favor of housingHousing in a hotel - Copyright Secours Catholiquecooking workshop for hotel families - copyright Secours CatholiqAttachments: