Jun 30, 2015

progress on shelter homes

SBT Full-Care Residential Centres are Unique

Unlike orphanages, shelter homes and other child care institutions, full-care residential homes provide an enabling environment to children to realize their potential to the fullest. An attempt is made to educate and help children develop intellectually at these centres. However, children who are not inclined towards academics are not pushed towards a definite career path. Children are provided opportunities to develop their hidden talents and skills. They are encouraged to pursue dance, puppetry, acting, painting and photography as well.



Street children are deprived of protective environment of family. Article 20 of United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child recognizes the right of such children who cannot be looked after by their own family to special care. The Government of India also accorded serious attention to provide protective environment of children in need of care including street children through enactment of the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000 and subsequent amendments to the Act. The Act in its Section 37 provides for establishment of shelter homes for children in need of care and protection. Significance of shelter homes for street children is immense, given the exploitative, violent and hostile situations they face in cities. Shelter homes act as safety nets protecting street children from sexual abuse and exploitation, physical violence and child labour.


Understanding the importance of ensuring a safe environment for children, SBT runs full-care residential homes for girls and boys who live on streets. Aasra, Apna Ghar and DMRC Children Home are home for boys; Udaan and Arushi are shelter homes for girls. Besides serving the prime purpose of providing a ‘safe living space’ to children, residential homes offer a comprehensive package of services including food, education, medical care, mental health and psychological support.



Children’s admission in the centres is ascertained after they are duly presented in CWCs as per the provisions of the JJ Act, 2000. Identifying the unique background and needs of the child, individual care plans are drawn for each child in these centres. Regular academic, psychological and medical assessments of the children are doneto provide individualised educationand health facilities. Full-time mental health professional and medical coordinator are appointed in the centre to provide psychological support, counselling and facilitate medical check-ups and treatment of children, respectively. Following services are provided to children at the residential centres.


Health and Nutrition: Health is invariably a neglected issue amongst street and working children. Thus, SBT has a comprehensive health programme comprising specific services including full medical investigation, first aid, screening and medical check-ups, medical investigation, referral for treatment and hospitalisation, screening and treatment of STD/STIs, voluntary tests for HIV/AIDS, long-term treatment support to children through institutional linkages and referrals and organisation of health awareness camps.


Mental Health: Exposed to different forms of violence and exploitation, children on the streets often suffer from a lot of mental trauma and emotional disturbances. Therefore, mental health programme aims towards identification and management of mental health/ behavioural problems in children and adolescents; building awareness of mental health issues amongst all staff; developing protocols in key areas such as child abuse and protections, suicidal risks; dealing with learning difficulties and academic issues of children through special education programme; and supporting staff through individual and group work. The mental health team comprises qualified counsellors and psychiatrist. The team operates through mental health assessment and interventions. The interventions include individual counselling, pharmacology, rehabilitation, psycho-education, and supportive work all tied through comprehensive case management.


Education Programme: In order to set children on the path of comprehensive growth and development SBT lays great emphasis on formal schooling i.e. admitting children to regular private or public schools. Apart from this some children also go through non-formal schooling and National Open School systems of education. Children are assisted in their homework and are provided extra tuition/remedial classes. The teacher-pupil ratio is 1:25. Teachers facilitate each child's learning through small groups of interaction. The non-formal education is conducted through a systematic module and interesting pedagogies.


Life Skills Education Programme: The programme aims at enhancing the day-to-day decision making ability of children; and providing them with livelihood options through vocational training, and job placement. Life skills education aims to develop the ability of an individual to deal with the variety of situations that life throws up. Such education helps in the overall development of children, including physical, mental and social well-being, building greater self-confidence in life. It is majorly targeted towards children who are at the threshold of maturity i.e., going to turn 18 years.


Vocational Training and Job Placement: Vocational training becomes a critical link for children to enter the mainstream of society. In order to qualify for vocational training, SBT children have to complete 16 years, or clear their 10th standard board exam. Children choose a vocation according to their interests, but the assessment of a career counsellor and staff is available to help them match their ability with the training they want to undergo. The children opt for courses viz. choices were Master Desk Top Publishing, web and graphic designing, multi-media animation, film editing, C++ software, care-giving, house-keeping, puppetry, karate, theatre, macramé and photography. Some of the institutes which provided training were ITI, Pusa Road, NIIT, MAAC, Arena Multi-media, Crown Plaza, Taj Mahal Hotel-Mansingh Road, Vivek Sahni's Design House, The Ishara Puppet Theatre Trust, YMCA, Triveni Kala Sangam & Ramakrishna Institute of Computers. Placement in jobs is the final act in the process of bringing children into the mainstream. However, SBT maintains contact with these young adults to ensure that they find stability, and then growth, in their work.


A snapshot of progress achieved by various centres of SBT in 2014, has been captured below.

 Progress Update (2014)



Apna Ghar





Boys home

Girls home

Aasra was the first shelter home started by SBT. With a capacity of 50 it caters to boys of five to 18 years. The home was set up under the JJ Act, 2000.

It is an open centre, where children have the freedom to visit the centre any point in time. The home was set under the JJ Act, 2000.

Arman is also an open centre catering to boys.

DMRC Children’s Home was established as part of Delhi Metro Rail Corporation’s corporate social responsibility. The home houses 100 boys from the age of five to below 18 years

Udaan was initiated with the support of Give 2 Asia in March 2010. It started with eight girls and currently shelters more than 50 girls at time.

Arushi was first girls’ shelter home under SBT. It is an initiative to offer 24 hour shelter to girls between the ages of five years to 18 years living on the streets.

Children Reached

Total children reached -487

Shelter provided to -487 children

Restore back to families-365


Placed to other NGO-65                                          children

Produced to CWC-487 children


Total children reached -460

Shelter provided to - 460 children

Restore back to families-40 children

Placed to other NGO-52 children

Produced to CWC-174 children


Total children reached -32

Shelter provided to -08 children


Total children reached -475

Shelter provided to -475 children

Restore back to families-281 children

Placed to other NGO-36 children

Produced to CWC-75 children

Total children reached -71 girls

Shelter provided to -71 girls

Restore back to families-25 girls

Placed to other NGO-03 girls

Produced to CWC-71 girls




Total children reached -94 girls

Shelter provided to -94 girls

Restore back to families-37 girls

Produced to CWC-94 girls


Educational Facilities

Received NFE-487


Children in NFE-317 children

Received education through NIOS-21 children

Total children linked to mainstream education-22


Children in formal school-83 children

Received education through NIOS-19 children

Children in NFE-369 children

Children in formal school-32 girls

Received non- formal education-7 girls

Received education through NIOS-12 girls

Children in formal school-35 girls

Received NFE-94 girls

Received education through NIOS-12 girls

Graduation from DU-01 girl

Vocational Training and Job Placement


Admitted to vocational training course-17 children

Placed in different jobs-9 children

Admitted to vocational training course-17 children

Job placement-03 children

Vocational training-17

Job placement-08



Admitted to vocational training course-13 girls

Placed in different jobs-03 girls

Medical Care

Medical checkups-1754 times (381 children)

Referred  to hospital-56 children

Hospitalised-02 children

Medical investigation-83 children

Operated-02 children

Tetanus injection- 48 children

Eye checkup-45 children

Referred to detoxification centre -3 children

HIV test-02 children

Long term treatment- 02 children

Referred to mental health-30 children

Group sessions-15

Informal sessions-344 sessions                                                                         


Medical checkups-443 times (185 children)

Ref. to hospital-75 children

Hospitalised-09 children

Operated-04 children

Medical investigation-76 children

Long term treatment-9 children

Eye checkup-26 children

Dental check up-08 children

Tetanus injection-15 children

HIV test-07 children

Group sessions- 10 sessions


Medical checkups conducted for all children reached

Medical checkups-1054 times (475 children)

Ref. to hospital-624 times

Hospitalised-12 children

Operated-02 children

Medical investigation-370 children

Long term treatment-20 children

Eye check up-183 children

Dental check up-08 children

Tetanus injection-315 children

Hepatitis-174 children

Referred to HIV test-10 children

Ref. to mental health-46 children

Referred to detoxification centre -01 child    

LSE sessions held-40 sessions

Group sessions-225 sessions

Medical checkups-642 times (71 girls)

Ref. to hospital-48 times

Hospitalization-04 girls

Medical investigation-65 times

Long term treatment-02 girls

Tetanus injection-60 girls

Hepatitis B injection-34 girls

HIV test-04 girls

Eye check up-38 girls

Dental check up-40 girls

Life Skills Education (LSE) sessions held-49 sessions

Group sessions-36 sessions


Medical checkups-213 times (94 children)

Ref. to hospital-94 times

Hospitalised-06 girls

Operated-04 girls

Medical investigation-75 girls

Long term treatment-04 girls

Tetanus injection-02 girls

Hepatitis B injection-51 girls

Eye check up-47 girls

Dental check up-11 girls

Ref. to MHP-01 girl




Future Plan

In the current year, the SBT team is planning to reach and rescue increasing number of street children and bring them under the protective ambit of residential centres. To achieve this, efforts are being made to increase linkages with railway authorities, police and community watchdogs, establish networks with the government and non-government agencies, including Child Welfare Committees. Consistent attempts are being made to provide high quality vocational training to older children, to make them more job eligible and increase their access to gainful employment. Concurrently for younger children, the core focus is being la

Mar 24, 2015

Education programme at Salaam baalak trust

Salaam Baalak Trust

Education Programme

Education forms an integral component of SBT’s comprehensive  package of services for street children. Recognising the right of every child to education SBT has envisioned a multi-faceted education programme for children who once lived on the streets. With the perceptive understanding, children living on streets, most often have no access to education or regular schooling SBT has a multi-faceted and pliable education programme. The aim of the education programme is to cater to individual needs and capacities of children so that they enjoy their right to education through a mode of education best suited to his/her capacity. In this way, every child within SBT’s ambit is self-motivated to earn a high school degree, as it is by choice and not by force. SBT envisions education and knowledge as a great deal more than literacy, as a holistic way of living for every child. Thus, education at SBT is not confined to school curriculum, but includes training in life skills, the performing arts, computer literacy, and exposure to tourist-sights and the outdoors.


The education programme of SBT has evolved over years. Post the enactment of the Right to Education Act, 2010, SBT has encouraged children to choose formal schooling i.e. regular private or public schools as a preferred mode of education. Apart from this, some children who are not admitted to school are also provided non formal schooling through structured non-formal education modules and interesting pedagogical techniques. SBT’s flexible non-formal education modules provide basic education and literacy, and cover child rights, computer literacy, general information, reading and recitation, health and hygiene, social skills, moral values, basic mathematics, and money management.


Education is a major casualty when children flee their homes dropping out of schools. The children find it difficult to get admission, especially in higher classes after a break in schooling. Bridge courses & remedial education help children to make up for breaks in their education. Bridge courses enable them to cover the missed portions of the syllabus and make up for the lost time with intensive study and concise courses. Children who have missed a few school years and find it difficult to start with regular schooling are linked to mainstream education through National Institute of Open Schooling.


To effectively implement the education programme at SBT an education coordinator has been appointed who oversees and monitor the in-house academic activities of SBT. Qualified and dedicated teachers have been appointed at all SBT centres and contact points to assist children in their homework and school assignments. In cases where children find a particular subject or topic difficult they are provided extra tuition/remedial classes. The teacher-pupil ratio in these classes is maintained at 1:25 to provide individual attention and care to each child. Teachers facilitate every child’s learning through small groups of interaction. Another important aspect of the SBT’s education programme is to motivate and reward academic achievers. Those children who do well in their studies are offered scholarships to schools and academic institutions of excellence. A number of SBT girls and boys get through Lawrence School, Sanawar and CQ University, Australia. Further, all children are motivated to participate in extracurricular activities including debates, quiz and essay writing competitions, elocution among others. 

Achievements at a Glance SBT, 2013-14 

  • 7 children have moved to higher education programme
  • Hemant got opportunity to study at Lawrence school , Sanawar
  • 20 boys have been moved from NFE/OBE program to formal education
  • 3 boys won quiz competition organized by Metro Museum.
  • 23 medals have been won by the boys in an inter children home competition organized by NGO Bhumi.
  • 70 children spent 8 days in Manali under their annual tour 
Dec 23, 2014

Arushi - girl child shelter report


GIRLS SHELTER – Arushi, a brief update on their activities


Report July – December 2014


July started with immense energy and the planning which we had done during the time we got during the summer vacations of the children. After the trip to the Nanital , Uttrakhand, the children shared a stronger bond between each other and the staff. This greatly increased the co ordination between all of us and acted as a strong motivation to achieve the targets set by ourselves towards the betterment of children’s future.

There were 54 girls at the Home in the beginning of July. The report brings out the activities undertaken at the Home during the period from July-December, 2014.


The various programs progressed as elaborated under:


1. Education –31 Girls are going to reputed private schools. The home has been providing for an efficient teacher pupil ratio for supportive classes after school.  18 girls were attending non-formal classes at the home. Classes are conducted in play way methods and interesting mediums to contribute to learning.

8 girls were enrolled in NIOS, out of which 3 are preparing for 10th standard. Children studying through distance education are also benefitted by the various volunteers coming at the home from different fields of life. They are involved in the various extra curricular activities which also serves as a teaching medium in a playway method. One of the volunteer has been coming from last two months to teach Rashida (visually impaired).


2.  Vocational training – 8 of the girls are enrolled in the vocational training programs at the prestigious institutes as under:

  • Shehnaz, Purnima and Sonika are going for the beautician course at the famous and prestigious SNS foundation.
  • Meena is doing the same course at the VLCC center  Gurgaon
  •  Sunita, Jayshree and Sukhmani had their passion in cooking and were enrolled for a bakery course at the Granny’s.


3. Mental health – The counselor and child specialist team of SBT extends the needed patient listening to its children. Individual attention is given to each child through regular counseling and interactions. Life skill education equips them to respond to daily chores effectively. We had 12 LSE sessions during this period. Group sessions further enhance their understanding of team work and confidence to speak in a group. 8 group sessions were held during the second half of the year.

4. Health –A comprehensive check up and follow up on health is done for each child. Four nutritious meals are provided at the Home.

            During this period of 6 months the following interventions were done:

  • In house checkup – 161
  • First aid – 58 times
  • Full Investigation – 3
  • Ref to Hospital – 02
  • HIV/AIDS checkup – all the children
  • Teeth-checkup – 51
  • Ear checkup – 1
  • Eye-checkup – all the children
  • Two girls are on regular treatment and follow up for Tuberculosis
  • One of the kids has been operated for corneal implant at Shroff eye centre.


5.Recreation/Sports –The Home provides ample space and opportunities to break out of the routine. Children interact with the outside world through outings and visitors. These interesting moment help children bring out their lighter self and learn perspectives. Some of the instances of recreation and sports activities are listed below:


  • 25-30 girls are enrolled for the Yoga class that is being held by 5pm in evening twice a week.


  1. Volunteers - We had around 12 volunteers in the second half of the year. They extended their support in non formal education, art and craft and life skill education. Volunteers bring in a new set of energy and interest to our children.


7.Repatriation–With the constant and continued efforts by all the staff , 24 girls were restored with their families. This includes the success we achieved in restoring one girl back to her home at Nepal. We all had been struggling to make the ends meet for this child from last 18 months, convincing the government of Nepal and NCPCR India





Arushi plans to strengthen the education system. Girls are being counseled and supported in their studies for the final examinations. Efforts were made to ensure more discipline towards learning. This has been possible thanks to our staff, volunteers and supporter. They helped create good medical care and diverse exciting activities. 16 girls have been restored to their families andtwo girls placed in job. Providing a holistic environment for girls to grow up with a responsible citizen is a priority of the Home.

We have reached our goals so far and if we can continue the successful cooperation with our donators and the companies supporting us, we are positive that we can also reach our goals in the future.



Challenges faced by children:

The primary challenge was to rehabilitate, or mainstream girls who were now adults upon attaining age of 18 years. Having been in the Home for nearly 8-10 years, the girls were scared to leave the nest re. Hence they were very reluctant and became extremely irritable.

The other key challenge was enabling children with special learning needs to cope with curriculum. 

Actions taken & Progress of children after actions taken:

Regular counseling sessions were taken by the centre counselor for the three girls who were marked to be rehabilitated. The staff worked as team to promote rehabilitation as a positive term and slowly the children started seeing it as a promotion. Thus all three girls were rehabilitated. The centre staff regularly follows up with the girls.

Children with special needs were given singular attention. They were given positive re-enforcements which boosted their morale. The teachers were caring yet strict when it came to study period. One child who has a rare learning disability had been written off previously as not being able to pass exams. With immense patience and perseverance, the child was able to clear 4 out of five papers in class X. She has just one more paper to give and would be Class X pass!

Challenges faced by organization:

The two key challenges faced by Salaam Baalak Trust are

-          Funding : With the number of children increasing and inflation increasing, the Trust struggles to ensure that every child in our care is well tended to.

-          Apathy of Harayana Government- The team at Arushi has to deal with the apathy and poor gender sensitized government officials in the Harayana Government. 

Actions taken to address these:

-          Fund raising and bettering donor relations

-          Sensitization and consultation workshops with concerned govt depts

Next steps for the next year:

-          Rehabilitation of 18 years old girls (five girls by June , 2015)

o   Ensuring job placements or admission in colleges for those who wish to pursue higher education

-          Better schools for children below 10 years who perform extremely well in studies

o   Meeting with school administration of concerned schools

o   Finding sponsors for these children

-          Finding more avenues for vocational training

-         Sensitization and consultation workshops with concerned govt depts.

o   Finding partner to sponsor and collaborate with the workshops

Activities 1
Activities 1
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