Aug 8, 2017

health and nutrition

Food plays an integral role in ensuring health and well-being of all individuals. Consumption of a balanced diet is important to meet the nutritional requirements of maintenance, growth and development of the body. Significance of having nutritious food increases tremendously in childhood and adolescence due to rapid physical and psychological growth in these stages of life. At the same time, a regular meal pattern not only keeps body healthy but also keeps diseases at bay. Food has social and emotional significance as well. Having meals together inculcates the feeling of sharing and caring among children. Therefore, SBT has made conscious efforts to provide children a well-balanced diet.

 As part of the present project the children of the shelter homes are being provided food and nutrition. 


Food Menu:

Deciding on a balanced yet interesting menu for children is challenging as children like to have tasty and colourful meals with ample variety. Apart from this, children have also developed preferences for fast and junk food which are laden with fat, calories and high sodium. Therefore, in order to plan for a menu which is nutritious and enjoyable, food committees at different centres had meetings with children to include their choices in the menu. Based on the findings of the meeting and food committees’expertise on food and nutrition, menu with foods from different food groups was formulated for children. 

The menu is an attempt to include different foods such as cereals, pulses, vegetables, fats and oils and fruits. An effort has been made to include dishes of children’s choice for example chole bhature, maggi and samosa. However, such dishes are prepared in ways to make them nutritious, as in the case of maggi, vegetables are added. Similarly, murmure or rice puffs rich in iron are offered as evening snacks with namkeen of children’s choice.


Quality of Food: The formulation of menu though an essential pre-requisite does not assure that well-balanced meals are served on children’s plate. To ensure this, stringent quality checks are made by the coordinator and staff at home at different stages from buying the raw materials to preparing the actual food.Staff members make regular checks in a day in the kitchen while meals are being prepared so that the cooks observe cleanliness and hygiene. In addition, before the meals are served to the children coordinator or a staff member tastes all the dishes to ensure food is palatable and safe. To further improve the quality of meals the budget for breakfast, lunch and dinner has been increased.


Progress Update

As part of the present project following activities are conducted regularly at the centre to ensure health and nutrition of children.

  • Regular health check-ups of children are conducted at the centre. The results show that most of the children are growing according to their age with ideal body weight for height.
  • The reported illnesses and diseases have also been low in the home.
  • Children are being provided well-balanced meals, with food items from all the food groups including cereals, pulses, vegetables, fats and oils.
  • Care is taken to ensure that meals are colourful and attractive and children enjoy having them.
  • Specific care is taken to ensure that those children who are thin consume adequate amount of food to reach their ideal body weight according to the height.
  • In addition, children have been enjoying the practice of having meals together.
  • They have learnt to eat together, share and serve others.
  • Most importantly, the children have developed the habit of praying before the meals.
  • Sincemeals are served at a particular time, children also have a sense of having meals on time.


In the current year in average 345 to 400 children are being provided meals per day at SBT shelter homes. 

Having food together has helped the children in bonding well with each other and has instilled a feeling of unity among them. While sitting and eating together children feel a part of a big family. Thus, apart from having a positive effect on well-being of children, the practice of having meals together also plays a crucial role in their psychological and social development. This has been a remarkable achievement of the present project.However, the team often faces a challenge in organising food for fluctuating number of children in the home. Sometimes food is required for 50 children and at other times for 75 children as the number of children staying in the home varies based on the ordersof the Child Welfare Committee.


 Future Plan

The staff members have envisioned timely menu and food quality review meetings with children. In addition inclusion of healthier diet options such as gourd vegetables and more green leafy vegetables is also being explored

Aug 2, 2017

mobile school -


SBT Mobile School continues to provide education to children residing in marginalised areas of Delhi and serves the purpose of a learning centre of Salaam Baalak Trust (SBT). The main objective of the School is to directly meet the educational needs of marginalised populations with low access to school education. The School has been functioning from December 2011. Equipped by age appropriate learning materials and run by a skilled team of social workers and teachers, So far, the School has covered six different spots in north east areas of NCT of Delhi. SBT Mobile School team has strived to prepare and link underprivileged children to formal schooling

SBT Mobile school team works towards meeting the educational needs of children from impoverished communities and inculcate moral values, basic etiquettes and good habits pertaining to sanitation and hygiene among them. The children and their families often report that the two hours spent at the Mobile School help children to learn important lessons of life including, respect for elders, discipline and above all benefits of education

Progress Update of Mobile School
Cumulative achievement of SBT Mobile School after combining the outreach at three spots
Total Outreach: 200
New Enrolment: 7
Average Daily Attendance: 155- 160
New School Admissions : 25
Parents Meeting during the Reporting Period: 3 times
School visit on children issues: 3 times
School Visits for admissions: 5 times
Health Checkup – 738 times
Health Checkups: 1010 times

Overview of Activities
The details on various activities conducted at the SBT Mobile School have been presented below.

Regular classes: Two hour classes are being conducted at all the three spots regularly. The school-going children attend their schools and come to Mobile School spots for additional help and assistance in studies. A distinguishing feature of Mobile School classes is the use of activity-based learning to facilitate strong conceptual learning among children. The non formal education kit is given to the children for systematic learning and monitored by teachers. 

Academic Progress: All school going children appeared for their final examination in March 2017, and their results and educational feedback with school report cards are received and they are promoted to next classes. There are 5 children from different classes from 2nd to 5th who secured position in their classes, marks ranging from 97% to
75%. As majority of them are first generation learner, they have to struggle at their home setting too. The continuous efforts of mobile school teachers / staff make it possible for their regularity in school. But the overall progress of children and their enthusiasm to attend school indicate positive

Parents meeting: As a follow-up to school meetings the Mobile School team organised three parents meetings, one at each spot to motivate parents to send their children school daily on time in neat and clean school uniforms. In addition, significance of maintaining personal hygiene among children was also stressed upon. The team reiterated the importance of education and role of SBT Mobile School in preparing children for admission in regular schools and encouraged parents to make most out of the resources and support provided by the SBT Mobile School.

Outing: Children from the SBT Mobile School went to Delhi Zoo and National Museum as local outing. It was one day outing program to keep children in a different environment they live in and learn discipline, cleanliness and group work etc.

Health checkups: In order to minimize the incidence of infectious diseases specifically chicken pox and dangue, the SBT doctor regularly visited the SBT Mobile School spots and conducted a thorough primary health check up of all the children and provided medicines in case of need. As per
the planned schedule the doctor visited Children visited National Museum, Delhi each spot once in a week. In addition, children were explained how cleanliness is directly affected to their health and their well being during the session that followed by cleanliness drive.

Spot Cleanliness Drive: During summer vacation the session importance of cleanliness conducted with children from Usmanpur spot and Shastri Park spot. The session was followed by the cleaning of the study and its surrounding areas with the help of children. The elders of the community were also conveyed to maintain cleanliness and use dustbins for throwing waste materials.

Teacher’s Workshop – The teachers of the mobile school attended the teacher’s training workshop organized by SBT on classroom etiquette and parenting.

School Bus: The front mirror of the mobile school bus had broken. It was approached to the company and by using the insurance facility, the glass was replaced.

Future Plan
In the next quarter, the CHI-SBT Mobile School team will continue doing new admissions to children in formal schools. It will try to enroll the maximum number of children in formal school. Simultaneously, the school going children will also be covered who need regular assistance to continue education.

May 10, 2017

report from a boys shelter home

IntroductionStreet children are deprived of protective environment of family. Article 20 of United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child recognizes the right of such children who cannot be looked after by their own family to special care. The Government of India also accorded serious attention to provide protective environment of children in need of care including street children through enactment of the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000 and subsequent amendments to the Act. The Act in its Section 37 provides for establishment of shelter homes for children in need of care and protection.  Significance of shelter homes and residential centres for street children is immense, given the exploitative, violent and hostile situations they face in cities. Shelter homes or residential centres act as safety nets protecting street children from sexual abuse and exploitation, physical violence and child labour


Unlike orphanages, shelter homes and other child care institutions, full-care and short stay residential homes provide an enabling environment to children to realize their potential to the fullest. An attempt is made to educate and help children develop intellectually at these centres. However, children who are not inclined towards academics are not pushed towards a definite career path. Children are provided opportunities to develop their hidden talents and skills. They are encouraged to pursue dance, puppetry, acting, painting and photography as well.Aasra was the first shelter home/Centre started by SBT. With a capacity of 50 it caters to boys of five to 18 years. The home was set up under the JJ Act, 2000.


Under the present project, the funds from the donor were utilised for operation of Aasra Centre.

 Activitiesand Progress Update

Understanding the importance of ensuring a safe environment for children, SBT runs the Aasra Centre for boys rescued from the streets Besides serving the prime purpose of providing a ‘safe living space’ to children, residential homes offer a comprehensive package of services including food, education, medical care, mental health and psychological support. Children’s admission in the Centre is ascertained after they are duly presented in CWCs as per the provisions of the JJ Act, 2000. Identifying the unique background and needs of the child, individual care plans are drawn for each child in these Centre. Regular academic, psychological and medical assessments of the children are done to provide individualised education and health facilities. Full-time mental health professional and medical coordinator are appointed in the centre to provide psychological support, counselling and facilitate medical check-ups and treatment of children, respectively.  The continuum of care and protection services provided at the residential centres have been depicted in the Figure below.


In the year 2016-17 a total of 776 boys were provided shelter in Aasra centre.


A snapshot of services provided by the residential centres from April 1, 2016- March 31, 2017 has been presented in the Table below.


No of children

New Registration


Total beneficiaries


Shelter provided




Place to other NGO boys


NFE boys


Produced to CWC boys


Referred from CWC boys


Restoration follow up(Telephone)


First Aid


Medical check up(no. of children)


Referred to hospital






Tetanus injection


MMR vaccination


Typhoid vaccination


Hepatitis 'B' Vaccination


Medical investigation


long term treatment


HIV test


Eye check up


IQ Assessment


Dental check up


Referred to MHP


Referred to Drug de-addiction


Group Counselling


No. of children(annual tour)



Apart from these activities children celebrated festivals such as Eid, Holi, Diwali, X-Mas, and national holidays etc. Children also went for educational trips and tours. A total Trips and Tours: 350 children went to Sattal and while about a 100 girls went to Manali.


The  children also participated in various competitions and won numerous prizes. A child was second runner-up in HUDCO Painting Competition and received INR 7500 cash prize, around 10 children were participated in Goody beg program of PRC and two children won in inter Salaam Baalak Trust Quiz Competition.


Additionally, Mr. William and Ms. Kate (Duke and duchess of Cambridge) visited the Centre and interacted with children. Other donors and students from University of Delhi visited the Centre.



Case Study

Waseem, a 15 years old boy came to Aasra Centre in May 2016 on the direction of Child Welfare Committee.  When the social worker at Salaam Baalak Trust interacted with child, he was not able to recall anything about his family.  He only shared that he had worked in a hair salon in Old Delhi. He seemed to be grappling with some behavioural issues such as no eye contact, lack of social interaction, inability to make friends, loneliness, slow movement and unusual smile. In view of these signs the staff referred him to the Mental Health Team. The team and psychologist in particular interacted with, held sessions and counselled him. However, his overall condition worsened he became more aloof and locked himself in a room or began sitting in an enclosed almirah. The case was presented before the Salaam Baalak Trust Psychiatrist Dr. Amit Sen. The doctor diagnosed him with Catatonic Schizophrenia and recommended hospitalization immediately. His condition was also shared with the CWC and post their order Waseem was admitted to Institute of Human Behaviour and Allied Sciences, Shahadra for two months.


Once Waseem came back to the shelter after the treatment, there was a drastic change in him. He was doing very well and showed active involvement in all daily activities of the Centre. The social worker tried to trace his family but they were unable to do it. Thus, he was transferred to Apnaghar Shelter home for vocational training. At present, he is on medication and psychological therapy. He is also interning in a hair salon and performing very well earning around INR 7000-8000 per month.


Future Plan

SBT team plans to improve the existing quality of services at Aasra Centre through increased networks, better opportunities and staff capacity building. The team is making concerted efforts to reach more number of children in the coming year.

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