Income Generation for 5,000 Poor Ethiopian Women

 
$20,979
$65,234
Raised
Remaining

PATHFINDER INTERNATIONAL

GLOBAL GIVING INCOME-GENERATING ACTIVITY

JANUARY – MARCH 2011 REPORT

BACKGROUND

In Ethiopia, as a result of traditionally constructed gender roles, a stereotyped gender division of labor between men and women places women and girls in a subordinate position in society. The lack of access to and control over resources as prescribed by culture and tradition has forced females to disproportionately bear the burden of poverty, thus making them economically dependent on men and powerless to make decisions related to their human and reproductive rights. Women’s low social standing subjects them to various types of gender based violence, thus increasing their vulnerability and risk of poor health.

The low social and economic status of women and girls is a fundamental factor in maternal mortality. Low social status limits women’s access to education and good nutrition as well as the economic resources required to cover the cost of health and family planning services. For most women, employment choices are extremely limited due to various gender-based factors. Many women have come to rely on commercial sex as a means of sustaining their families. Abandoned women too often turn to urban prostitution as a means of economic relief, which rarely achieves this goal. Moreover, the low status of girls and women in Addis Ababa has forced many to dropout from schools. As a result, most women and families in this city, particularly mothers and female-headed households, are living below the poverty line.

Violence against women may be both cause and consequence of women’s low social and economic status. Women and girls are made more vulnerable to HIV/AIDS, disease, and unwanted pregnancy as a result of sexual and gender-based violence, physical and psychological abuse, sexual exploitation, female genital mutilation, early marriage, abduction, and rape, all of which are major acts that violate their human rights.

Through Global Giving funds, the Addis Ababa Women’s Association is helping economically poor and vulnerable women in Addis Ababa to implement income-generating activities (IGA) under the Association’s programs, the IGA beneficiaries are offered reproductive health and family planning (RH/FP) services and training as well as trainings on gender based violence and harmful traditional practices. Women chosen to participate in this program are visited frequently by program and management staff for encouragement and advice.

GLOBAL GIVING BENEFICIARIES ASSISTED DURING THE REPORTING PERIOD

Through the generous Global Giving donations, four economically vulnerable women, selected from Kolfe sub city, were offered business management training and a seed grant of 1500.00 Birr each (USD $90). The new program participants include: Woinshet Addis, Kassech Tadesse, Bizuayehu Tilahun, and Sarra Wubshet. All four women began a food processing income generation activity. 

As a result of Global Giving funds, women are organized into cooperative groups, allowing them to benefit from district government microfinance enterprise support provided for women organized in cooperative groups. The following are some of the benefits they reap:

  • The beneficiaries have legal status;
  • The beneficiaries benefit from the capacity building trainings offered by the district

Microfinance office;

  • The beneficiaries have the right to access loan service if they wish to expand their business;
  • They are accountable to and monitored by the district microfinance office on their progress.

The newly selected Global Giving IGA beneficiaries are linked with their respective district administration’s microfinance office so that the beneficiaries can access services to sustain their business. These benefits include:

  • Training and loan servicing
  • Securing of workplace
  • Other relevant support, such as a market assessment

PREVIOUSLY SELECTED GLOBAL GIVING IGA BENEFICIARIES

In total, 55 women are receiving support through the IGA Global Giving program. Following is an update on eleven of the women who have developed businesses through Global Giving IGA support.

Mamitu Asefa lives at Arada Sub city Kebele 16. She has a daughter and a son attending 5th and 8th grade respectively. She also helps her aged mother who requires a great deal of support. Mamitu received IGA funds to prepare and sell injera, a local bread.  She stated, “Before receiving Global Giving support, life was tough for me and my family, but after I received the Global Giving IGA grant, I started selling tea and bread and retail reeds for coffee ceremonies”. Her new business has enabled her to take care of her family.

Getie Asfaw  lives at Arada Sub-city Woreda 2. She works as  a house-maid, living with her unemployed husband and 11th grade son. Getie used to preparing injera (local bread)and living off the proceeds. However, because of financial problems, she was forced to stop her business, and her family faced great hardship. However, after receiving financial supported from Global Giving, she restarted her small business and she has been able to purchase an electric  stove. This has allowed her to prepare greater quantities of injera and serve more clients. In addition, Getie is now engaged in vegetable, fruits and charcoal retail. She said, “Thanks to the Global Giving financial support, me and my whole family are food secured and I able to cover monthly house rent, electricity and water bill, and buy all necessary school materials for my son, and also able to pay the monthly community social welfare contribution and has started the weekly saving of birr 5.”

Asefash Mengesham, who lives at Arada Sub city Woreda 9, is a single mother who are raising three children; two of whom are 6th and 8th grade students.  Asefash used to sell different kinds of processed food products, but due to financial shortage, she was forced to stop her business. As a result of this she was in great difficulties to feed her children. After she was selected to receive Global Giving support, she was provided with a seed grant to restart her small business. Asefash is now engaged in baking injera (local bread). She prepares 25 injera every day and earns birr 50 through sales. Asefah states, “I am very grateful for the Global giving support. Now I am able to provide for my family and buy the required school materials. My family and I are living very happily and we have psychological relief. In the future, I am planning to expand my business and to improve my life.”  

Kasanesh Belete lives in Gulele Sub-city woreda 5. Kasanesh is a widow with 3 children, who are students in the 12 th, 10 th and 7th grades. Formerly, she sold lottery tickets, which provided her with little profit. With this income, she was unable to feed herself and her children. Fortunately, she was selected to receive Global Giving support and was provided with a seed grant of birr 1500. Currently, she has started baking and selling injera to the canteen of weaver’s association near her neighborhood. With the profits, she is now able to properly support her 3 children and invest further in her business.

Yeshewa Mebrate Takele lives in woreda 5 Gulele sub city. Yeshewa is a HIV-positive widow and cares for her 3 children. Even though she has experience at pottery work, she could not continue working in this trade due to financial and health problems. Recently, Yeshewa was selected to receive Global Giving support and she was provided with a seed grant. With this money she purchased clay mud, wood, cow dung for the preparation of the ceramics work. She is designing and preparing various ceramic objects for sale. Yeshewa Mebrat is very grateful for the Global Giving support and is delighted to be re-engaged in the ceramics business and able to support her family. Yeshewa indicated, “with the money I got from the business I am able to improve my house and able to buy shoes for my two children, to cover the monthly house rent, and pay electricity, telephone and water bill, Although I am HIV-positive, the Global Giving support has given me the motivation and hope to lead my life peacefully and properly with my family”.

Worknesh Aygoda is living in Gulele Woreda 4. She has 2 children and was widowed when they were infants. Worknesh is engaged in charcoal, vegetable and fruit selling. Due to the economic crisis, she was having difficulty running her business and supporting her family. However, as she said, “before getting Global Giving financial support life was very difficult for my family but with these funds I am able to run my small business properly, and  to support my children, who are now attending their school consistently. In the future, I am planning to work hard and expand my business to support my children’s education in a better way.

Tsige Asmamaw is living in Gulele Woreda 2. After receiving Global Giving support she started baking and selling injera bread. In addition, Tsige sells household utensils. The combined income enables her to provide food for her family and provide her 3 children with the necessary school materials. She also is able to cover her monthly house rent, electricity and water bills, as well as other social payments. The support from Global Giving has enabled her to greatly improve her life.

Etagegn Bika is a single mother living with her 3 children. Formerly, she was trying to support her family by preparing and selling Injera bread. However, because of financial difficulties, Etagegn was unable to run her small business effectively and could not provide food for her family or send her children to school. After identifying her problem, she was selected as Global Giving beneficiary and provided with the seed grant. With this money she re-started her small business. She bought an electric stove to bake injera, which helped her to increase her output and income and improved her living conditions. Etagegn explained “Thanks to the Global Giving support, me and my family are happy and our living condition has improved. We are able to get our daily meal properly’. Etagegn is very happy with her business and she is hard working woman with very high enthusiasm.

Rawda Turaga, of Gulele Sub-city Woreda 9, lives with her five children, whose father is deceased. Previously, her life was very difficult and she was unable to feed her children. Rawda started running a small business once she was selected as a Global Giving IGA beneficiary. She is now engaged in Kotcho (banana) and charcoal sale. Her five children attend Kindergarten, 1st, 3rd, 5th, and 6th grades. Rawda is self sufficient and able to cover her house rent, utilities, and the needs of the entire family. Rawda is a hard working woman with such great enthusiasm that she is also one of the role models of the Global Giving IGA initiative.

Kanchiwodia Demeke resides in Woreda 10, in Kolfe Subcity. She lives with her two children and a  family member. Previously, Kanchiwodia was engaged in sewing cloth and making embroidery, but the income was insufficient to support her family. Now that she is involved in the Global Giving IGA program, she began preparing Ambasha/local bread using an electric stove, which has been very successful. She attributes her improved quality of life to the Global Giving Program. ”Thanks to the Global Giving support now my dream has come true. I bought 2 sacks of wheat flour, each worth birr 1100, this will enable me to make more bread and expand my business in a better way” Kanchiwodia is a hard working role model. Her two children are enrolled at school and in possession of the required school materials. 

Elfnesh Belihu resides in Kolfe Sub city of woreda 10. Prior to being selected as Global Giving IGA support, she ran a very small business selling candies, chewing gum and biscuits. The income she received was insufficient and she was unable to  support her family. Through the IGA Global Giving program, Elfnesh was able to change her business and return to baking and selling injera. Her income has increased significantly and she has begun paying back the loan. In addition, she has been able to use her income to purchase a water pipe line which provides her with a sufficient water supply. With the help of Global Giving support, Elfnesh is now leading a happy life with her family and she is grateful for the Global Giving fund.


Attachments:

ADDIS ABABA WOMEN’S ASSOCIATION

GLOBAL GIVING INCOME-GENERATING ACTIVITIES

SEPTEMPBER – DECEMBER 2010 REPORT

BACKGROUND

In Ethiopia, as a result of traditionally constructed gender roles, a stereotyped gender division of labor between men and women places women and girls in a subordinate position in society. The lack of access to and control over resources as prescribed by culture and tradition has forced females to disproportionately bear the burden of poverty, thus making them economically dependent on men and powerless to make decisions related to their human and reproductive rights. Women’s low social standing subjects them to various types of gender based violence, thus increasing their vulnerability and risk of poor health.

The low social and economic status of women and girls is a fundamental factor in maternal mortality. Low social status limits women’s access to education and good nutrition as well as the economic resources required to cover the cost of health and family planning services. For most women, employment choices are extremely limited due to various gender-based factors. Many women have come to rely on commercial sex as a means of sustaining their families. Abandoned women too often turn to urban prostitution as a means of economic relief, which rarely achieves this goal. Moreover, the low status of girls and women in Addis Ababa has forced many to dropout from schools. As a result, most women and families in this city, particularly mothers and female-headed households (FHH), are living below the poverty line.

Violence against women may be both cause and consequence of women’s low social and economic status. Women and girls are made more vulnerable to HIV/AIDS, disease, and unwanted pregnancy as a result of sexual and gender-based violence, physical and psychological abuse, sexual exploitation, female genital mutilation, early marriage, abduction, and rape, all of which are major acts that violate their human rights.

Through Global Giving funds, the Addis Ababa Women’s Association is helping economically poor and vulnerable women in Addis Ababa to implement income-generating activities (IGA) Under the Association’s programs, the IGA beneficiaries are offered reproductive health and family planning (RH/FP) services and training as well as trainings on gender based violence and harmful traditional practices. Women chosen to participate in this program are visited frequently by program and management staff for encouragement and advice.

GLOBAL GIVING BENEFICIARIES ASSISTED DURING THE REPORTING PERIOD

Through the generous Global Giving donations, ten economically vulnerable women, selected from Yeka sub city, were offered business management training and a seed grant of 1500.00 Birr each (USD $90). The stories of three beneficiaries are highlighted in this report.

As a result of Global Giving funds, women are organized into cooperative groups, allowing them to benefit from district government microfinance enterprise support provided for women organized in cooperative groups. The following are some of the benefits they reap:

  • The beneficiaries have legal status;
  • The beneficiaries benefit from the capacity building trainings offered by the district Microfinance office;
  • The beneficiaries have the right to access loan service if they wish to expand their business;
  • They are accountable to and monitored by the district microfinance office on their progress.

In addition to the business management training and seed grant provision, the beneficiaries are provided with a working house suitable to their business – producing food commodities in the cooperative.

 Yeshwamebrat Kassa, Gulele sub city, Kebele

Yeshawamebrat‘s husband died leaving her behind with three children and no means of income. Although she had a work place and experience in pottery, she was unable to work without seed funds. Instead she worked as a house maid washing clothes to earn living. This was also difficult for her as she is HIV positive. Yeshawamebrat was selected as an IGA beneficiary as a result of her hardships and entrepreneurial promise.

Yeshawamebrat is currently working hard collecting clay, cow dung, mud and other raw materials for her work place. She produces various types of popular new handicrafts. She produced a new design iron (cloth ironing equipment) made of clay that attracted the attention of many. For this design, she received an award from the sub city administration for being a model business woman.

Abaynesh Tolla, Arad sub city, Kebele

Her husband died leaving her with 5 children and without a means of income. Life was very dark and difficult for her. Abaynesh is now a beneficiary of the Global Giving fund and her life has changed dramatically.

Her children are attending school and as she says “they do not have food problem thanks to the business and I know how to operate it.” She also pays her house rent, utilities, and electricity costs in a timely manner.

Abaynesh is known for her delightful and charming face by her customers which attract many customers.

Simegene Tadesse, Nifasilk lafto sub city, Kebele

Her husband died leaving her with their three children and without a means of income.

Following the Global Giving IGA assistance, Simegene is engaged in a small tea and food shop in a house offered to her by the association.

In addition to sending her children to school, paying house rent, utilities and electric costs, she also has funds for savings. She says, “I do not want to beg from others if any of my children get sick or…. Thanks to the IGA, I have money now” she says with a charming face. She has many customers working at construction sites.


Attachments:
Mintuwab Ketema
Mintuwab Ketema

Pathfinder/Global Giving

Income Generation for 5,000 Poor Ethiopian Women

September 2010

Through the support of generous Global Giving donations, Pathfinder is pleased to provide 11 Ethiopian women with start-up funds for income-generating activities (IGA). These funds are used by the new entrepreneurs to rent a shop, purchase equipment, and obtain additional materials. Previously, all of these women earned their living by collecting firewood, which is arduous and offers little financial gain. Through this initiative, these 11 women have launched a variety of businesses, including grain and vegetable trading, crafts trading and Injera bread baking. Three members of this Pathfinder/Global Giving cohort are featured in this report, which documents the transformative impact that IGA have on the lives of the women and their families. 

Mintuwab Ketema formerly earned her income through the sale of firewood that she collected from a distant forest. This occupation required that she walk 15 kilometers several times a week to collect the wood. The round trip journey would take nearly eight hours and Mintuwab would return home carrying a bundle of wood on her back. For this intense effort her earning was only 10 birr (USD $0.60).

This quarter, Pathfinder offered Mintiwab a seed grant to start her own small business enterprise. With these funds she established her own shop, from which she sells firewood purchased at the local wood industry. Her shop attracts numerous clients and the profit enables her to support her family. Mintiwab now earns approximately 30 birr daily (USD $1.80), which covers her living expenses, which include food, housing, utilities, and community association fees. She is grateful to have received the IGA award and proud to be an independent business owner.

Nunu Bereket and her husband have two school-age daughters in grade 7 and 8. Similar to the other Pathfinder/Global Giving IGA beneficiaries, Nunu previously earned her living through firewood collection. Thanks to the support of Pathfinder and Global Giving, Nenu was able to launch a trading business, in which she sells wheat, maize, butter, charcoal and sugar. Nunu is very satisfied with her new business, which she plans to expand, as it provides her with increased income, as well as relief from the dangers and stresses of firewood collection. In addition to providing for the basic needs of the family, Nunu can also cover the costs of her daughters’ education.

Buzunesh Desalgne is a widow and mother of six children. Like the other Pathfinder/Global Giving IGA beneficiaries, Buzunesh used to collect and sell firewood as a means of income. With help from this IGA initiative, she started an Injera baking business and she now sells the traditional bread to nearby cafeterias. The income from this business enables her to support her entire family.

Pathfinder is deeply appreciative of the continued generosity of Global Giving donors. This IGA initiative in Ethiopia is an important component of Pathfinder’s global effort to empower women so that they can support their families, educate themselves and their children, and engage themselves in the community.

Nunu Bereket
Nunu Bereket
Buzunesh Desnalge
Buzunesh Desnalge

PATHFINDER ANNOUNCES TEN NEW LOAN GRANTEES FOR INCOME GENERATION

Thanks to the generous support from Global Giving donors, Pathfinder is pleased to announce the addition of ten new entrepreneurs to its project in Ethiopia. With the ability to generate income and save profits, these women can better protect themselves and their families against health emergencies and changes in food security. They are now able to make investments for the future, including the education of their children.

Name: Etagegn Bika Background: Etagegn is a widow and the sole provider for her family. She is supporting three children and is very poor. She is engaged in the injera business. With support from Pathfinder, she has the initial funds to begin a business.

Name: Simegne Tadesse Background: Simegne is a widow and is very poor. She is planning to launch an injera business. With support from Pathfinder, she has the initial funds to begin a business.

Name: Worknesh Aigoda Background: Worknesh is a widow and the sole provider for her family. She is engaged in the injera business. With support from Pathfinder, she has the initial funds to begin the business that will support herself and her two children.

Name: Rawda Turga Background: Rawda is a widow and the sole provider for her five children. She is planning to launch an injera and local bread-making business. Without support from Pathfinder, she would not have the initial funds to begin a business.

Name: Abaynesh Tollo Background: Abaynesh is a widow supporting her five children. She has attempted to run a business to support her children but lacks the seed money. Support from Pathfinder will enable her to begin a vegetable trading business.

Name: Woinshet Sisay Background: Woinshet is also engaged in the vegetable trade, but is struggling to maintain income-generating activity due to lack of capital. She is the head of her household and her livelihood is based on the profits from the small business. She is supporting four children.

Name: Mulu Agi Background: Mulu is a widow and a single mother of seven children. Support from Pathfinder will help her succeed in the vegetable trade.

Name: Ketsela Mengistu Background: Ketsela is a widow with four children. She is engaged in the vegetable trade.

Name: Neima Mohamed Background: Neima is engaged in the grain trade, but is struggling to maintain income-generating activity due to lack of capital. She is the head of her household and her livelihood is based on the profits from this business.

Name: Etenesh Yalew Background: Etenesh is a widowed single mother with three children and is engaged in the vegetable trade. With support from Pathfinder, she will have the initial funds to begin a business to support the family.

PATHFINDER CONTINUES TO SUPPORT INCOME GENERATING ACTIVITIES

We are also pleased to announce that 13 Ethiopian women have begun income generating projects with support from generous Global Giving donors. Overall, the funds have enabled many of the women to leave the dangerous and exhausting business of firewood collection to pursue more lucrative, safe, and sustainable businesses in a variety of areas, including making and selling Injera (a traditional Ethiopian bread) and selling charcoal, grain, butter, and other items. As a result of their new ventures, many of the women are recording profits and have since been able to open savings accounts, which offer increased security for the women and their families. Moreover, the women report that their ability to yield profits in their new businesses has helped them to play a more active role in their communities. By demonstrating their capabilities, they garner respect in society and develop the confidence to address their needs and pursue opportunity.

Alemush Girma, a 40 year old divorced mother, began a charcoal selling business through Global Giving donations. She has radically improved her living conditions since leaving the firewood business. She states “These days I am very happy, I am very motivated for work as I am able to move here and there and feed myself with the grant I got... I am able to use my capacity for such work.” She now has savings, which she deposits in a bank account, and has become involved in the social affairs of her community.

PATHFINDER ANNOUNCES EIGHT NEW LOAN GRANTEES FOR INCOME GENERATION

Thanks to the generous support from Global Giving donors, Pathfinder is pleased to announce the addition of eight new entrepreneurs to its project in Ethiopia. With the ability to generate income and save profits, these women can better protect themselves and their families against health emergencies and changes in food security, and are more able to make investments for the future, such as in the education of their children.

Name: Worknesh Aigoda Background: Worknesh is a widow and the sole provider for her family. She is engaged in injera (a traditional Ethiopian bread) and local bread making business. Without support from Pathfinder, she would not have the initial funds to begin a business.

Name: Rawda Turaga Background: Rawda is a widow and the sole provider for her family. She is planning to launch an injera and local bread making business. Without support from Pathfinder, she would not have the initial funds to begin a business.

Name: Abaynesh Tollo Background: Abaynesh is a widow and she supports her five children. She has attempted to run a business to support her children but lacks the seed money. Support from Pathfinder will enable her to begin a vegetable trading business.

Name: Birhan Demewoze Background: Birhan is a single mother with four children. She is engaged in the used cloths trade to support her children’s education.

Name: Etenesh Yalew Background: Etensh is a single mother with five children and is engaged in the vegetable trade. Without support from Pathfinder, she would not have the initial funds to begin a business to support the family.

Name: Beletu Baineso Background: Beletu has four children and is the head of the household. She has no other source of income and is certain that the Pathfinder-supported vegetable trading activities she begins will enable her to support her family.

Name: Woinshet Sisay Background: Woinshet is also engaged in the vegetable trade, but is failing to maintain income-generating activity due to lack of capital. She is the head of her household and her livelihood is based on the profits from the small business.

Name: Neima Mohamed Background: Neima is engaged in the grain trade, but is failing to maintain income-generating activity due to lack of capital. She is the head of her household and her livelihood is based on the profits from this business.

PATHFINDER CONTINUES TO SUPPORT INCOME GENERATING ACTIVITIES

We are also pleased to announce that 13 Ethiopian women have begun income generating projects with support from generous GlobalGiving donors. Overall, the funds have enabled many of the women to leave the dangerous and exhausting business of firewood collection to pursue more lucrative, safe, and sustainable businesses in a variety of areas, including making and selling Injera (a traditional Ethiopian bread) and selling charcoal, grain, butter, and other items. As a result of their new ventures, many of the women are recording profits and have since been able to open savings accounts, which offer increased security for the women and their families. Moreover, the women report that their ability to yield profits in their new businesses has helped them to play a more active role in their communities. By demonstrating their capabilities, they garner respect in society and develop the confidence to address their needs and pursue opportunity.

Alemush Girma, a 40 year old divorced mother, began a charcoal selling business through Global Giving donations. She has radically improved her living conditions since leaving the firewood business. She states “These days I am very happy, I am very motivated for work as I am able to move here and there and feed myself with the grant I got... I am able to use my capacity for such work.” She now has savings, which she deposits in a bank account, and has become involved in the social affairs of her community.

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Organization

Project Leader

Caitlin Corneliess

Institutional Giving Officer
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Where is this project located?