GlobalGiving IGA Project
March – May 2013
With generous support from the GlobalGiving donors, Pathfinder International has received a total of $18,421 since the project’s inception in 2008 to setup an income generating activity (IGA) program for low income Ethiopian women. This support has been used to empower low income women to become productive and self-sufficient in their households. To date, this project has selected 97 beneficiaries with the help of the Addis Ababa Women Association (AAWA) and organized them into two commercial sectors: the poultry development group and the small-scale restaurant venture.
New beneficiaries assisted during the reporting period
The funding amount received during this reporting period was not sufficient for the recruitment of new beneficiaries into the IGA project. While there were no new beneficiaries assisted during the reporting period, the funding amount received was allocated to women already enrolled in both the Poultry Development Group and the Small Restaurant Group.
Progress report of the last 15 women assisted in the second quarter of 2013 (January-March 2013)
As there were no new beneficiaries this quarter, we wanted to report on the tremendous progress of our most recent IGA recipients:
The Poultry Development Group
Five women were trained on poultry development skills by the woreda government agricultural office experts; subsequently, they engaged directly in the business and with the support of the experts, the team managed to:
In addition, the women were able to acquire other cleaning materials necessary for the poultry shed have been placed in the designated location for further use.
Beneficiaries wear their protective gowns in the poultry coop for sanitary reasons and take turns to work. There is a general feeling of positive expectation that once the hens start laying eggs, the group will be earning a minimum of 3000 Birr per month (US$160.00 per month) in 2 months’ time from egg sales.
The Small Restaurant Group
Likewise, the local restaurant group began producing and selling different food items to their customers in the shed that was provided by the Addis Ababa Women Association. The ten women work on a shift basis with five women working in each shift. As the women are popular and well-experienced in food preparation, they now have a fairly large number of customers and are making good earnings every day. Although it looks like it has a promising future prospect, the monthly cost turnover has not yet been estimated.
Global Giving IGA beneficiaries
January to March 2013
This quarter, the following 12 women are selected to receive GlobalGiving income generating fund support:
1-Bezalem Belay is from Ledeta sub city, woreda 4, where she was making her living by working as a house maid. She has a desire to be engaged in poultry production, so that she applied to the IGA fund support. Considering her economic challenges and desire to be self-sufficient, the selection committee selected her to receive funding and training. Now she is able to start the small business by organizing in the poultry production enterprise with other IGA beneficiaries.
2-Atsed Feyissa is also from Ledeta sub city, woreda 4. She is married to driver, but he does not have a permanent job. They have a son who is 4 years old. Atsede used to sell clothes from place to place to support her family. Unfortunately, she lost this job due and due to the shortage of money, she applied to IGA fund and was selected.
3-Askale Sorosu is from Ledeta sub city, woreda 4. She has 3 children who are 16, 12, and 5 years old and attending school. Her husband is a day-laborer earning very little money and they cannot properly feed their children. Askale is a house wife she had no income, therefore, she applied to IGA fund and the selection committee considered her problem and accepted her. She is now working in poultry production.
4-Amelework Tesagaye is living in Ledeta sub city, woreda 4. She has 5 children all of whom are attending school. Her husband is day-laborer with no fixed job. Amelmalwork is a house wife has no income. She always wanted to support her family, but was challenged to find work. Therefore, she applied to IGA fund and was accepted. She started working jointly with her neighbours in the poultry production enterprise
5-Askale Feyissa is from Ledeta sub city, woreda 9. She is a widow and living with her two children. Askale had the desire and skill to be engage in small food production business enterprise to support her family. However, due to financial problem she was unable to start the business. She applied for IGA support and the selection committee considered her problem and allowed her to get the GG IGA fund support. Now she is part ofthe small food production business.
6-Yeshe Asfaw is living in Ledeta sub city, woreda 9. She is a widow and lives with her 4 children. Yeshe wants to be engaged in small business to support her family; she was given IGA funding and now part of the small business in food preparation.
7- Eskedar Alemu is also living in Ledeta sub city, woreda 9. She is a widow and has a son. She applied to get an IGA fund to start small business and was accepted. She is also part of the food preparation business with her neighbors.
8- Sentayehu Hailu is from Ledeta sub city, woreda 9. She is divorced and living with her daughter. She had the skill and desire in food preparation, and as a result, she was selected to get IGA support and she started in food preparation small business.
9- Senedu Tesfaye is also from the same woreda. She has 4 children age 7, 4, 2 and an infant. Two of her children are attending school. Her husband is a day laborer who earns little money. She does not have job except taking care of her children at home. Senedu had a desire to be engaged in small business to support her family, but due to lack of money she was unable to start the business. Thus, she applied to the IGA fund support and is now engaged in the food preparation business.
10-Teshay Debebe is from the Ledeta sub city, woreda 9. She has 4 children who are attending school. Her husband earns very little money working as guard. She had the desire to work in food preparation to support her family but because of the financial problem she was unable to start the business. Thus, she applied to the IGA fund and considering her problem and is now part of the small business selling food items.
11-Aregash Ayele, is living in Ledeta sub city, woreda 9 with her 4 children who are 10,9,8 and 7 years old. They are all attending school in grades 10,7,6 and 5, respectively. Aregash divorced her husband and is taking care of her children alone working as housemaid. The money she earns is not enough to properly feed her big family, thus she was looking for financial support to start small business. Therefore she applied to the IGA fund. Now she is able to participate in the small food preparation business with other IGA beneficiaries.
12-Abebech Hirpa, is from Ledeta sub city, woreda 4. She lives with her daughter who is 15 years old and attending school in grade 8. She takes care of her child alone. She had the desire to work and organize in poultry production, but due to lack of finance she was unable to start the business. Then she applied to GG IGA fund support and was accepted. She is now able to start the poultry production business with other IGA fund beneficiaries.
Training for IGA beneficiaries
Based on their interest (food production and poultry production) the above selected GG IGA beneficiaries were given five days of training by the woreda microenterprise development office experts focusing on:
- Benefits of economic empowerment for women
- Business management skills (3 days)
- Saving and its benefits
- Business planning
- Record keeping
- Market development
The poultry production group was also given a three-day training by the microenterprise development agency expert and a one and half day training by the urban agricultural office experts. The training was focused on:
Moreover, the urban agricultural office has committed to give all the necessary support for the beneficiaries and is preparing to help them in buying the right hens from a reputable vendor.
After having this training these beneficiaries are linked with the Lideta sub city woreda 9 microenterprises agency to enable their business to get legal status. They will also benefit from the services that are provided by the sector office in development of their business and these all will help to sustain their business. The second group also linked to the sub city urban agricultural office to help them get technical support and advice on the poultry development.
During this reporting period, there was not enough funding to recruit new IGA beneficiaries. With the funds received, Pathfinder provided additional support to the women we supported last quarter (see below). The women’s poultry production business is progressing and they were supplied with special hybrid hens from the sub-city agricultural office. In addition, the urban agricultural office has been providing them with all of the necessary technical support needed to launch their business. In just the few months that they have been operating their business they have become role models for other women in their community who would like to open similar businesses. The beneficiaries are preparing their business to take advantage of the coming Ethiopian Easter by selling more hens.
During the reporting period, three new IGA beneficiaries were selected from Arada Sub-city, Woreda 3. They organized themselves as one group to work together to raise and sell poultry. These newly-selected beneficiaries were provided with 2000 ETB seed money and a three-day training on credit, saving, and poultry production by the Arada microfinance enterprise.
During the three-day training the new beneficiaries learned about:
In order to facilitate their work and ensure the sustainability of their business, they got legal status and were linked to the microfinance office at their district administration so that they can access the training and loan services, secure a safe working place, as well as use other relevant supports like market assessment.
The total number of IGA beneficiaries is now 85 and a total of 173,705.00 ETB has been distributed so far.
Overall Benefits of Economic Empowerment:
Enhancing gender equality and enabling women to exercise their human rights and make decisions addressing the issue of economic dependence is of no controversy. Economic empowerment addresses not only the economic needs of women, but it is also a very important tool that helps women gain social and political empowerment. Self-employment/economic empowerment of women has a number of outcomes:
Nigat Alemayehu is house wife with two children. Her husband left her to find work and he doesn’t support his family. As a result, she is forced to shoulder the responsibility of supporting her family. However, since she has no income it was very difficult for her to provide daily meal for her children. She applied to GlobalGiving IGA support to start a small business and the Addis Ababa Women Association granted her seed money. Now Nigat organized herself with other IGA beneficiaries and started a poultry production business. She is very happy and grateful for GlobalGiving support.
Alemtsehay Betre is a single mother of four children. She is very poor and has no means of income. She tried to help her family by doing daily labor but the money she got was not enough to properly feed her family. She applied to the GlobalGiving IGA support and was granted seed money to start a business. Alemtsehay organized with other IGA beneficiaries and started poultry production. She is very grateful for GlobalGiving support because now she can help support her family.
Belaynesh Olana is a widow with three children. Before receiving support from GlobalGiving she had no job. She tried to feed her children by doing some daily jobs, but she was unable to properly support her family with consistent income. She applied to GlobalGiving IGA support and was granted seed money. She is now engaged in a poultry production business with two other IGA beneficiaries. She is happy to have this work and is grateful for the support from GlobalGiving.
GLOBAL GIVING IGA REPORT
April – June 2012
During the reporting period, five new IGA beneficiaries were selected from Arada Sub-city, Woreda 3. They organized themselves as one group to work together to raise and sell poultry. These newly-selected beneficiaries were provided with 2000 ETB seed money and a three-day training on credit, saving, and poultry production by the Arada micro finance enterprise. In order to facilitate their work and ensure the sustainability of their business, they got legal status and were linked to the micro-finance office at their district administration so that they can access the training and loan services, secure a safe working place, as well as use other relevant supports like market assessment.
The total number of IGA beneficiaries is now 82 and a total of 167,705.00 ETB has been distributed so far.
ARADA AND GULELE SUB-CITY GG IGA BENEFICIARIES PROGRESS REPORT
Enhancing gender equality and enabling women to exercise their human rights and make decisions addressing the issue of economic dependence is of no controversy. Economic empowerment addresses not only the economic needs of women, but it is also a very important tool that helps women gain social and political empowerment. For a woman economically dependent on a man, telling her now and then about negotiation of safe sex would be meaningless without supporting her on gaining self-employment and developing the capacity to negotiate for safe sex with her partner. It is also true that making decisions at home the level and enabling women to exercise their human and reproductive rights requires them to be economically empowered.
Beyond this, self-employment/economic empowerment of women has a number of outcomes:
As previously reported, several of the women funded through GlobalGiving have started their own businesses. We want to showcase 13 GG IGA beneficiaries, seven from Arada and the rest from Gulele, who have started running their own businesses. Both of these beneficiary groups from Arada and Gulele have been provided with a work location or shop by the local women’s association. To ensure the implementation of the activities as per the project plan, we followed up and monitored all the activities of each of the two organized groups as follows:
1. ARADA BENEFICIRIES
After getting the skills training on business management, they bought one electric oven and stove, two big plastic barrels, a kettle, different drinking cups, glass and all the required equipment. They have started baking and selling 80 enjeras (local bread) per day. They also prepare and sell different kinds of local drinks such as Tella, Shameta, and tea to the surrounding community. They charge birr 2.75 for each enjera, birr 1.00 for each cup of tea and piece of bread, and Birr 3 for each Shameta. In order to attract and gain more clients, they have chosen good prices as compared with the other surrounding enterprises. All of them work in the morning and afternoon shifts and record their daily expenses and income as they learned during the training workshop.
During the three-day training much emphasis was given on:
Even though it is almost two months since they started their business, they are all pleased and have great enthusiasm for running their shop and sharing all their responsibilities equally.
See attached report for photos taken while the women were working.
2. GULELE BENEFICIARIES
The Gulele beneficiaries have given a name to their organization: “Dagim-Birhan,” meaning renaissance. This is to emphasize that they and their families, with the new self-help empowerment provided, would gradually achieve good financial status. They additionally identified themselves as an example that women should not remain dependent on her husband, but must be independent and self-reliant.
They are preparing and selling home products such as spiced pepper, shiro, dabo-kollo, besso, (local food items) and all kinds of varied products. They also sell flowers, sugar, ceramics products and the like. Fortunately their shop is situated on the main road, attracting numerous individuals to be clients. This helped them to perform their duties very well and be profitable, and their life is changing in a good way.
Both the Arada and Gulele sub-city beneficiaries expressed and extended their delightful and warm happiness and gratitude to Global Giving, and they have the confidence and the courage to show great returns in the near future.
Profiles of New Beneficiaries
Kidist Negash lives in Arada sub-city, Woreda 3. She is divorced and lives with her three children. Because of financial problems she is unable to properly support her children’s schooling. Thus, among the two children who used to attend school, only one is able to continue his education and the other one has been forced to drop out of school. Because of her poor living condition, Kidist was chosen to receive this GG IGA financial support.
Habiba Mohammed is also from the Arada sub-city and woreda. She is a housewife and does not have a job. Her husband is working as a daily worker for a small earning. They have two children (female and male) attending school. Their life was very difficult, as their income was not enabling them to properly feed and support their family. Therefore, Habiba applied to the Global Giving IGA fund to start her own small business to help her family. She was chosen to receive the funds and is organized in the poultry production business with other IGA beneficiaries.
Buzuwork Girma is living in the Arada sub-city and woreda. She completed grade 8, she is married and has two children. Her husband is an employee at a wood work production earning very little money. Buzuwork did not have a job, so she applied and was nominated to get the IGA fund and is organized in the poultry production team.
Yenenesh Wudneh is also from the Arada sub-city and woreda. She dropped out from 8th grade and stays at home without having any job. Thus she applied to the GG IGA fund to engage herself in small business and become self-reliant. She was selected and is organized in the poultry production group.
Taddelech Demisie lives in the Arada sub-city and woreda. Her husband has died and she is supporting her six children alone. Four of her children completed grade 12 but are unemployed. Supporting her large family became difficult for Taddelech as she strived to engage in small business. Thus, she was nominated to get GG IGA funds and now works in poultry production.
Finally, all of the beneficiaries expressed their appreciation and heart-felt gratitude to Global Giving for the seed money they were provided.
Project Reports on GlobalGiving are posted directly to globalgiving.org by Project Leaders as they are completed, generally every 3-4 months. To protect the integrity of these documents, GlobalGiving does not alter them; therefore you may find some language or formatting issues.
If you donate to this project or have donated to this project, you will get an e-mail when this project posts a report. You can also subscribe for reports via e-mail without donating or by subscribing to this project's RSS feed.