The presence of armed groups in Eastern DRC has resulted in devastating abuse, violence and looting of resources, leaving families in an unstable economic situation. Displaced populations cannot afford to meet basic needs like primary health care and, due to insecurity in the region, pregnant women can’t access health facilities for the delivery of their children. As mothers and newborns are exposed to the risk of contamination when delivery occurs at home, they are at increased risk for maternal and neonatal mortality. To help ensure that the lives of the mother and the child are safe, International Medical Corps provides clean delivery kits to pregnant women during antenatal care visits.
In the first three months of 2015, close to 2,000 pregnant women received clean delivery kits provided by International Medical Corps in health facilities in Walikale, Kibua and Itebero health zones.
In Karete village, Gisele, who received a clean delivery kit, says “I am happy to receive this clean delivery kit provided by International Medical Corps. I will use it when I will give birth. My baby and I will be healthy and safe. I was wondering who would care for me, I was wondering what I should use when I will give birth. My husband and I are from Masisi and we have no means of paying for essential needs”
To further address barriers to accessing quality reproductive health care, International Medical Corps has put in place a referral system for emergency obstetrics cases in the 30 areas in Walikale, Kibua, Walikale and Itebero health zones. With International Medical Corps’ support, every month approximately 80 pregnant women benefit from free transportation to hospitals and referral health centers along with free obstetric care upon arrival.
“I was referred for complications during delivery in my village Malembe, almost at night. I was transported to Karete reference health center and received free and appropriate medical care. Thanks so much to International Medical Corps and health providers of Karete. I can’t believe my baby and I are safe and are not charged anything for all the attention given in this health center. Thank you so much,” said Yvonne from Malembe.
Thanks to the generous support of GlobalGiving and other donors, International Medical Corps is able to continue meeting the needs of mothers and soon-to-be mothers in Eastern DRC. This lifesaving support is critically needed in the region and will have a lasting impact for generations to come.
Reproductive health continues to be urgently needed in Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo and is an area where International Medical Corps continues to respond. Along with ongoing Basic Emergency Obstetric Care training in Eastern DRC clean delivery kits have also been procured and mobilized for distribution. In November of 2014, 16 midwifes in Itebero health zone received this training and 5,090 clean delivery kits were procured and sent to the Walikale, Itebero and Kibua health zones to be distributed. Through the fall of 2014 International Medical Corps also supported transportation and obstetric care for 29 pregnant women with obstetric complications. Another vital focus area for International Medical Corps in this region is the training of skilled laboratory assistants.
International Medical Corps organized training for eight laboratory technicians from the Walikale, Itebero and Kibua health zones. This training was focused on utilization of rapid tests for malaria, diabetes, syphilis and pregnancies. The practical part of the training was conducted at the Walikale General Hospital where participants learned how to receive and register patients, analyze samples, monitor and give tests results while ensuring all records are kept safely.
The following is the first hand account of Innocent, a trained laboratory assistant of Ndofia Health center.
“I have learned to conduct urine and blood tests for syphilis, diabetes and malaria during the International Medical Corps training. Prior to this training, I used to treat patients based on the signs and symptoms of the disease with no accuracy. I now realize that I could have been treating the wrong diseases since there was no confirmation of what I was treating. Thanks to International Medical Corps, I am now confident regarding the treatment that I give. I can conduct rapid tests and confirm the disease and give appropriate treatment.’’
With the support of Global Giving and other donors International Medical Corps is able to support reproductive health in a holistic fashion by facilitating the broader health needs of mothers before, during and after pregnancy.
Holistic programming has been a key component of International Medical Corps’ Care, Access, Safety and Empowerment (CASE) program in Eastern Congo. The goal of the program is: “to protect vulnerable populations from physical violence and abuse to assist the Congo in its stabilization and gradual transition from a post conflict country to a developing one.” The program aims to increase access to and quality of medical, psychosocial, social, legal and economic services for survivors of sexual and gender based violence, and build community capacities to reduce vulnerability to future acts of violence and was designed to respond to widespread sexual violence in Eastern Congo which was greatly attributed to civil strife and presence of numerous armed groups who use rape as a weapon of war. Our holistic programs provide women with various types of support at local community centers. One specific area of support that has been much needed in the region is legal services. The following is one women’s story of how these services truly saved her life and gave her hope for her future as well as for her children’s future.
“I was raped twice in a span of one year. The incidences left me with severe abdominal pains and abandoned by my husband who was too ashamed to stay with me. He married another woman to replace me and often insulted and beat me up. To him, I was no longer his wife but the wife of the interhamwe. I was often humiliated, left without food and forced to continue working as a porter despite my medical condition. I had to otherwise my children would starve. I was all they had.
I got an unexpected visit one day from a woman to whom I described my illness. She referred me to the hospital and encouraged me to join other women at the community center. When I went to the community center, I found out that there was a woman who assisted people who had problems. I started talking to the woman and she made me realize that what I went through was not my fault. She continued to help me have a different perception of myself, to stop thinking of myself as worthless but someone who is useful in the community. But how does one continue with life if her husband has brought another woman to live with her in the same house and is insulted and beaten almost daily? After a few months, I went to see the lawyer at the community center and told him my problem. He called my husband and some family members for mediation. With the help of the lawyer, my husband stopped beating and insulting me. There was some peace. I received a kit with materials to start a small business. As the business grew, I gained more confidence because I was no longer relying on people to feed my children when my husband did not provide me with money. I feel I have my dignity back because I am no longer begging for anything. Sometimes I remember the incidences I went through and I choose not to have negative feelings about them anymore. I look to the future and see myself as a strong woman who is contributing to the positive development of her children.”
With the generous support of Global Giving and other donors International Medical Corps is able to bring this life-giving hope to the women of the Congo who need it most.
Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is marked by the presence of numerous armed groups, particularly in North and South Kivu, who fight for control of the country’s vast natural resources (including gold, diamonds and rare earth minerals), terrorizing civilians and causing millions to suffer from ongoing conflict and displacement. The fighting causes massive population movement from areas where there is active fighting to areas of relative calm. Besides the risk of losing their lives, internally displaced persons (IDPs) also lose their property, means of livelihood and social support networks as families disperse, rendering them more vulnerable.
International Medical Corps currently supports 68 clinics and hospitals in North and South Kivu, providing medical supplies, training for health workers, and referral and transfer for patients in need of advanced care. In areas with no clinics, International Medical Corps runs mobile medical units to give vulnerable populations access to vital health care services. We also deliver health care in three transit camps for refugees returning to their home villages. In addition to supporting existing health facilities and providing mobile medical services, International Medical Corps works in close collaboration with the Ministry of Health and non-governmental organizations to increase the number of well-trained health professionals in DRC, including midwives.
Midwives have been of great support to health centers and community in Walikale, and provide safe delivery and essential newborn care, helping to ensure women are healthy and giving their babies a better opportunity to grow into healthy children and adults. Not only do midwives support mothers from maternity to birth, but they also deliver comprehensive sexual reproductive health services including: counselling; malaria treatment during pregnancy; and services to prevent mother-to-child HIV transmission.
The impact of their work is vital to building healthy communities -- the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) and the International Confederation of Midwives assert that midwives can prevent up to 90 percent of maternal deaths where they are authorized to practice their competencies, and play a full role during pregnancy, childbirth and after birth (UNFPA, 2010). Giving birth without professional assistance increases the risk of developing complications such as fistula and infections that could affect either the mother or the child and lead to maternal and infant death. Midwives trained by International Medical Corps possess the skills needed to be their own best “First Responders” – helping women avoid or treat complications and deliver healthy babies.
Anastaticia, whose life was saved by an International Medical Corps-trained midwife in Eastern DRC, explained her potentially life-threatening situation; “I started labor at home, called for help and a friend came to assist. She, however, could not complete the delivery. I had to be rushed to the health center not far from my village for emergency assistance. The midwife at the health center was able to stop the bleeding and save the life of my baby, and I woke up to see my baby next to me. During the process, I was diagnosed as having developed a fistula, and had surgery to repair it 6 months later. The experience at the health center and the support from the midwives helped save my life and the life of my baby.’’
In the Democratic Republic of Congo, where rape and sexual violence are often used as a weapon of war, International Medical Corps is applying a holistic approach to support survivors. By providing medical treatment, psychosocial support, and livelihood opportunities, International Medical Corps is helping survivors of gender-based violence build a better future for themselves and their families. One such survivor is Kalonge -- a 27 year-old woman who participated in our programs in Kalonge, DRC.
In her own words:
“In 2008, my family was attacked by members of the Forces Democratic for the Liberation of Rwanda who killed my husband after raping me, and then burned down our house. We took refuge in Rambo with a generous family, where I spent my three weeks of mourning. When calm returned, I had to return to my village with my family, but I had no home to return to. I returned with my four children and stayed with a neighbor who had already rebuilt her hut."
“After three months, life had become increasingly difficult because the space was insufficient for two families. In the fourth month, the neighbor said she was tired of the conditions in which the family lives, and she asked us to find another place to stay. That day, I was shocked and felt as if the world turned against me. I began to remember my husband and thought that if he were here, I would not be suffering. I did not want to continue living, but I had to live for the sake of my children. I even thought about selling part of the land my husband left me, so that I can use the money to build a house."
“Eventually, I decided to see a pastor of a Protestant church in the village to explain my problem, hoping that he could help me. He wanted to help me and my family, but did not have enough space in his house to accommodate us. He welcomed us to stay at the church and promised to mobilize members of his church to contribute towards the construction of a new house for my family. The church members, however, declined to mobilize resources because I was not a member of the church."
“For four years I suffered with my children in a church where I could not light a fire or cook. This development began to gnaw at my heart, and I hung around the church because I did not have anywhere to go."
“One day, when I was returning from the field, I met an old acquaintance. It was a woman with whom I had grown up during our childhood. We had time to talk about life, but I did not know she had become a community volunteer. After I told her about my suffering, she invited me to her house where I got some food and other items for my family."
“The next day she came to see me at church where I was still staying with my children. That's when she told me about a program that supports people who are facing similar challenges. I thought to myself that I'm not really interested because the advice they will give me there cannot build a house for my family, but I gave myself the courage to go to the community center for advice about the rape that I had suffered, because the experience kept coming back to me and it was very painful to my heart."
“A woman greeted me, accompanied by my old acquaintance who originally told me about International Medical Corps. We talked for a long time, and she gave me advice and some food and clothes. That day, I realized that I would take control of my recovery so that I could raise my family. After two meetings with her, I was given a paper to take to another office where we had a conversation with a woman who worked there. She told me that I could train with other women in similar circumstances on how to identify our skills that can be used for activities that would help us earn money. At the meeting, I chose to sell peppers because I knew how to do it because I used to help my mother when I was young. I worked with the woman to plan how to support my family selling peppers, and she helped me collect all the materials I needed to start my new business."
“The first day I went to the market, I was determined to earn the money needed to build a house for my children. I received 15 measures of peppers that I sold in less than four days. Pepper is a rare and seasonal product and I was among the few people who knew where to find them. In two months, I had earned a profit of $160 because I was saving all the money I was earning. The following month, I made roughly $120, part of which I saved and part of which I used for the care of my family."
“As the months went on, I gradually started buying nails, sticks and other building materials that I used to construct a two-room house where I now live with my children. I can now also pay for my children’s school fees. I joined other women, and together, we formed a village savings and loan association (VSLA), and I continue to think of new ways to improve my income through other activities. I have already purchased a few iron sheets with earnings from the village savings and loan association, and I hope to have an iron sheet roof soon."
“I am very grateful for the help I received from International Medical Corps, and it feels like my life is improving.”
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Resource Development Officer