The rehabilitated children involved in the mobilization and counseling of the other children commercially sexual exploited, 8 change agents visited the spots where children are at risk of exploitation. The follow up the children, who are already being provided counseling in outreach,
35 children were provided services during outreach, the change agents provide peer to peer counseling to the children in commercial sexual exploitation. The rehabilitated children who are now in youth age and started their work at small scale were followed up and they were provided with the support so they can able to manage the problems they face during the work. 32 children are placed on different jobs and 8 started their own small business with support of SEHER. These are the children/youth learnt skills at the child protection center established by SEHER.
SEHER with collaboration with partner organization conducted a sports event for the selection of street children for the street children football world cup in Brazil. 23 children participated in the selection process conducted by Azad foundation Karachi and 2 were selected for the 3 month camp in Karachi and participated in the world cup in Brazil.
Community volunteers at Quetta has established a child friendly center for the children to provide them self-protection education, non-formal education, and life skills. 72 children were participating in these activities.
SEHER’s Assessment revealed the prevalence of vulnerability of boys towards sexual abuse and exploitation in Quetta. It was also highlighted that mostly the incidences of child abuse take place in the vicinities of Cinemas, video gaming zones and small hotels. The boys who are forced to work by their parents usually become any easy target for the perpetrators to lure them into commercial sexual activities.
The darkest side of the picture is the ignorance of the society, which gives the perpetrators open hand to carry out this cruel and evil activities against children There are 39 spots where children are vulnerable to be target of sexual abuse and exploitation. A rough estimate indicates that a sizeable number of 4000 children in age bracket of 7 to 20 years are frequently visiting these spots. One of the ill known spots is Baldia plaza which is situated in the very heart of the city. According to some analysis daily 20000 to 250000 people visits this place however the heinous culture of silence has so strongly blindfolded the people that they refuse to see and speak against these inhuman and antisocial activities.
These children are the run away from schools, work place or home to hide themselves from the physical abuse of teacher, employers or parents.
The issue on which all the mega actors including civil society organization, government departments and religious leaders had turned a deaf year; in such as situation SEHER stood alone to take the bull by the horn. In the year 2006 SEHER with the financial assistance and technical guidance of Group Development took a decisive step of taking an initiative against these inhuman and antisocial commercial activities.
SEHER strategically dealt the situation multi-dimensionally. On one hand SEHER started rehabilitation of victimized children through variety of recreational activities and psychosocial counseling and on the other hand started sensitization of key stakeholders that include people belonging to different tiers of the society that directly or indirectly have a link with the life of the children vulnerable to sexual abuse. The focused stakeholders include parents, primary care givers, mentors, community elders, Law Enforcing officials, school teachers and elected representatives.
SEHER initially faced tremendous critical pressure for having touched so sensitive an issue, as most of the people were reluctant to discuss about and it was considered a taboo. The gravity of situation charted another difficult however equally important path of breaking the culture of silence, which in a sense had provided a safe shelter to perpetrators. SEHER kept its consistent endeavors continue for several consecutive years and as a result succeeded in highlighting the issue in different provincial and national forums, in which the issue was comprehensively discussed.
Result 1: SEHER has strengthened capacity of project team to effectively deal with child protection issues, develop internal monitoring system, maintaining data base of children, and networking with civil society organizations
1.1 capacity building of staff
SEHER provided opportunity to the project staff for the capacity building and organized trainings for them to be an effective professional to respond to the child sexual abuse and exploitation and other child rights related issues. Group development also organized trainings and learning opportunity during the year to develop the capacity of the staff.
1.2 Data management of the children beneficiaries
IMTIZAJ team organized the data of the children registered at the CPC and CFS in Hard as well as soft to keep the record, individual files of each child was developed and his progress was kept in the file. MIS was also designed for the IMTIZAJ project by the MIS section of SEHER.
1.3 Networking with other relevant organizations
Civil Society organization has initiated Child rights Movement Balochistan as this is a national Movement of 108 organization, SEHER being the active member was selected for the secretariat of Balochistan Chapter, SEHER has organized all the activities of the CRM and coordinated with the 26 members in the province, Annex 2 Minutes of Meeting of CRM
1.4 internal controls
SEHER has its Internal control in place at the organizational level, the M&E officer has carried out monitoring visits for the identification of the gaps in the project activities and share the mitigating strategy with the manager and team, Daily, Monthly, Midterm and annual Reviews were conducted by SEHER to ensure flawless implementation of the project. 14 visits were made by Monitoring team to ensure the effective implimentation of the project.
Result 2: Children, primary care givers and institutional stake holders are sensitized on child rights ensuring protection/ prevention of children from sexual abuse and exploitation
To sensitize and ensure the protection and prevention of child rights SEHER has formed and strengthen the community and parents groups, and conducted monthly meetings and sessions with the stake holders which includes Parents, community members, teachers, employers, police, health care givers etc.
2.1 Meetings with Parents Community Committees (PCCs)
Team met the eight PCCs on monthly bases to plan their actions and review the previous plans. They were motivated to take actions and monitor the activities in their areas which are destructive for the children. 45 meetings were organized with paretns in which 180 paretns participated.
2.2 Meeting with Child associations/ & In community
Meetings with members of child associations were met on monthly bases, during the meetings child protection and child rights were discussed with them. The plans of educating other children about risk to be avoided and sensitize children about the protection were shared and reviewed with them. 20 meetings were organized for children groups and 111 children and youth participated in these meetings.
2.3 Coordination with Police stations
during the Reported year coordination meetings were conducted with Police stations of the Quetta city to enhance the link and effective reporting of the spots for the closer, police officers and police personals were oriented about IMTIZAJ Project and information about the Parents and child groups were provided to them for the effective linkages. 48 visits of polic stations were made by project team to monitor children cases in police stations.
2.4 Meeting with Medico legal units:
There are two Medico Legal Units in Quetta City, team organize meeting with both of them to develop linkages and coordination with the unit to ensure that if any case of CSA or CSEC is referred to Medico legal the Unit deal him with sensitivity. MoU signed with madicolegal unit for one year 18 visits were done to medico legal units to monitor the cases of child abuse.
Result 3: 150 children victim of sexual abuse and commercial exploitation are rehabilitated through educational and psycho-social services and skill development
3.1 Mobilization of children
The field team constantly visited the demarcated areas and had a close surveillance on the activities of the focused CSEC children. The field team monitors the frequency of their visit into their particular working areas and intensity of their involvement in commercial sex. 143 follow up visits, 258 visits to spots were made and 19 new cases were registered of child commercial sexual expolitation.
3.2 Prevention thorough Education
Education was found as an effective tool to prevent and protect children from Exploitation. The children in CPC were from different background some of them have covered few levels at school, while rests of the children are illiterate. And team developed implementation plan for the children according to their needs.
Mainstream child are those child which spend the time within the center learn the different activities providing by the CPC. Now these Childs show their willingness to be admitted in the school by the help of the social organizer and the social organizer will take the followup of day to day. 8 children were mainstreamed and admitted in to the formal schools.
Due to lack of resources and interest in studies, street children have not as such good educational background. Either they have never gone to the school or left in early stages. That’s why literacy course were initiated for these children. In early stages the children were unable to read the alphabets of Urdu and English. The pattern of literacy course has been adopted from ESRA literacy module. SEHER has amply provided all necessary required stationary material, books and notebooks. The teachers skilfully teach the students through variety of recreational activities that has to a very great extent enhanced the interest of the children. Literacy sessions are taken on regular basis at CPC in the morning and evening. All illiterate SCs are giving test on monthly basis. 55 children were taking part in literacy class.
E. LSBE sessions:
Life skills base education (LSBE) makes the children able to deal the problem in effective and efficient way in everyday life. Team has master trainers in Life skill based education and trained the new staff to conduct sessions on LSBE.
Which is aimed to equipping them with decisions making, solving problems, thinking critically and creatively, effective communication, build healthy relationships, empathize on the coping with emotions and stress to manage their lives in a healthy and productive manner. Throughout the reporting period project teams have conducted several sessions of Life Skill Based Education in which all enrolled children participated. 117 children participated in LSBE sessions.
3.3 Recovery and Rehabilitation
Recovery and rehabilitation were organized for Street children victims of CSEC, CSA and the children at risk of being abuse. The intensity and frequency of rehabilitation process for all three groups was different.
Individual and group sessions were conducted for the children, with the new registered children Assessment sessions and history taking was conducted. Psychologist conducted these sessions in a private and confidential way and kept the information secret to build a trust relation with them. 24 children were provided with psychosocial counseling.
B. Physical Health
Every child at CPC was assessed physically and record of his problems was kept. Medical treatment for the minor problems children having was provided at CPC and for the intense treatment they were referred to the Sandymon provincial hospital where the Members of Doctor Panel treat them. The prescribed medicines were provided from SEHER as the governmental hospitals lack medicines and parents of these children cannot afford.
Health and hygiene awareness and services were provided in CPC, children were reinforced through token System. Education about different diseases like HIV, TB, Hepatitis and Malaria was provided to them. Medical counselor arranged the immunization for such disease which can be preventive through vaccination.
The Nutritional needs of these children are neglected by their parents and during their working hours they cannot afford to buy food for them. They are exploited for the provision of food so SEHER arrange lunch at CPC for them and provide them food. They are provided lunch according to Menu decided for the week and tea with Biscuits twice a day.
Recreational activities were most important component of the CPC activities. These activities were in door and out door. Indoor activities included Lodo, carom, puzzles, etc and outdoor included football and cricket. During this year CPC was provided with a Board Game Malamaal designed especially for children by SANJOG-UJAGER it was played with children and children shared that the game is a real learning with fun.
Children become victim of CSEC due to their needs and lackskills to earn livelihood. When the working children could not earn enough money during the day which is required from them they exploit easily and the abuser trap them due to their tribulations. At CPC calligraphy and tailoring classes were organized to develop their skills and enable them to earn alternative ways of earning. 94 children were provided with skill development
It was observed that skills need to be Job replacement by the recognized and come to the stage of earning money to good way and established. 14 youth after learning skills were placed on jobs.
The tools specially designed by GD were conducted in the CPC during the year, these brought a positive change in the behavior of children and provided them knowledge,
SEHER a non Govt organization working for the protection of women and child rights, The children working on the streets and the children being neglected by their parents are vulnerable and being exploited sexually, the school going children bunk their school due to corporal punishment and spend their time on the net cafes, mini cinemas, snooker clubs, and other spots where they are being exploited sexually, while the street working children are also regularly visiting these spots and being exploited,
The child Protection team of SEHER mobilize and provide counseling to these children regarding their protection, the messages for their self-protection are given, they are provided knowledge about their health and the risks they can face, their health and hygiene is one of the focus and if a case of injury of other illness is found the medical care is provided to these children,
Team has organized and empowered community based groups of parents and community members, these groups are taking initiatives to monitor the situation of child protection in their area, and take action with the law enforcing agencies to protect children from abuse and exploitation and they report if any such spot is operating to expose children to the pornographic material. During the quarter 12 such groups were working in the city.
Team has organized groups of children and youth who are providing information to their peers regarding protection from abuse and exploitation, these groups are operating in schools and community, they organize session for children to aware them that how they can protect themselves, 8 such groups were active during the quarter.
Sexual child abuse and exploitation are national problems. Each day, children and females all over the country press down under the burden of human rights violation. In urban spheres of the province Balochistan the problems are worse because of massive influx of urban population having zero awareness of their due rights. The epidemic of Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children (CSEC) is mounting day by day because of two major silent but devastating facts; 1) Lack of awareness/sensitization among children, parents, media, government and civil society stakeholder. Lack of technical skills to meet financial needs, Unfriendly environment with corporal punishment in schools, many children drops and travel on streets and gradually become part of the commercial sex, the involvement of these children in commercial sexual exploitation is results of lack of awareness/sensitization and also include other factors such inattentiveness of parents, silence from media and other stakeholders to highlight CSEC issue and play their due role majority of children belonging to either rural regions or refugees are compelled and highly expected to contribute significantly to raise the income level of family. Therefore to meet such aggressive expectations of family children specifically boys make their ways to motor garages, bar hotels, mini cinema houses and other places with intentions to earn money to support their families The children who have already been cutoff from the social spheres in addition they bear enormous circumstances of sexual abuse and brutal treatments while working in hotels, motor garages, net café and other red light zones through pimps and agents of commercial trade, which has become an epidemic.
SEHER is a non govt and nonprofit organization working for the protection and empowerment of the vulnerable segment of the society specifically for women, children, minorities and refugees,
Since 2006 SEHER has launched a project IMTIZAJ for the protection, rehabilitation and education of the children victim of commercial sexual exploitation, A child protection center was established to provide food, hygiene, medical, counseling, education, computer literacy, non formal education, skill development, certification from Trade and testing board, job placement to rehabilitate these children.
Parents community committees were formed and strengthened, child association and child friendly spaces were established at community level with support of PCC and volunteers,
- 8 parents community committees were formed and play their role actively
-19 days activism prevention of child abuse.
•3 Child friendly spaces providing educational services and information about self protection to 135 children.
• 12 Child associations working for welfare of children and linking them with other services
•45 Spots Identified
-190 children registered and provided with protection and prevention through education and recovery (physical health, psychosocial counseling, skill development
- 32 Job placement and rehabilitated children working as change makers
SEHER’s first study of Quetta revealed an astonishing fact in the prevailing social setup the boys are more prone to becoming sexually abused than girls. The study also highlighted that mostly the incidences of child abuse take place in the vicinities of Cinemas, video gaming zones and small hotels. The boys who are forced to work by their parents usually become any easy target for the perpetrators to lure them into commercial sexual activities.
The darkest side of the picture is the silence of the society, which gives the perpetrators more room to operate their inhuman activities fearlessly. There are 17 operative spots where children are used as sexual commodities. A rough estimate indicates that a sizeable number of 4000 children in age bracket of 7 to 20 years are involved in sex trade. One of the ill known spots is Baldia plaza which is situated in the very heart of the city. According to some analysis daily 20000 to 250000 people visits this place however the heinous culture of silence has so strongly blindfolded the people that they refuse to see and speak against these inhuman and antisocial activities.
The issue on which all the mega actors including civil society organization, government departments and religious leaders had turned a deaf year; in such as situation SEHER stood alone to take the bull by the horn. In the year 2006 SEHER took a decisive step of taking an initiative against these inhuman and antisocial commercial activities.
SEHER strategically dealt the situation multi-dimensionally. On one hand SEHER started rehabilitation of victimized children through variety of recreational activities and psychosocial counselling and on the other hand started sensitization of key stakeholders that include people belonging to different tiers of the society that directly or indirectly have a link with the life of the children vulnerable to sexual abuse. The focused stakeholders include parents, primary care givers, mentors, community elders, Law Enforcing officials, school teachers and elected representatives.
SEHER initially faced tremendous critical pressure for having touched so sensitive an issue, as most of the people were reluctant to discuss about and it was considered a taboo. The gravity of situation charted another difficult however equally important path of breaking the culture of silence, which in a sense had provided a safe shelter to perpetrators. SEHER kept its consistent endeavours continue for several consecutive years and as a result succeeded in highlighting the issue in different provincial and national forums, in which the issue was comprehensively discussed.
This has been a wonderful year in respect to SEHER’s endeavour of child protection. SEHER made more focused efforts on 119 children. The children underwent different stages of prevention and rehabilitation activities to become a useful member of the society. As most of them were literally unable to read and write, now they have been enabled to not only read and write in national language but also to some extent in English language. They have learned basics of computing and well trained in LSBE to protect themselves from any potentially harmful circumstances.
The children have been relieved from their mental traumas through psychosocial counselling and variety of recreational activities. It has been endeavoured to inculcate positive values into their minds.
In order to reduce the level of their economic dependency they have been provided trainings in vocational skills that have high market demands. 30 children have started earning a reasonable amount from the acquired skills of tailoring and repairing of electronic accessories. 69 children were provided with professional diploma in the skills they have learned.
20 children were empowered as change agents and taken initiatives for child protection in their communities, On the other hand extensive measures have been taken to prevent children from abuse. The Parents community Committees and child associations are fully functional in playing their important roles. Regular coordination meetings have been held with various stakeholders in order to holistically strike on the core issues. The parents and volunteers started four child friendly spaces in their respective areas to support and provided children for their self-protection.
The staff and stakeholders have regularly been provided with vitally needed capacity building trainings and refresher trainings in order to improve their efficiency and effectiveness.
Through various advocacy campaigns the issues have been highlighted through media channels, seminars, sensitization workshops and trainings. A 19 days campaign was launch on provincial level on the dangers of information, communication technologies.
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