ORGANIC FARMING REPORT
PROMOTION OF ORGANIC FARMING IN THOOTHUKUDI, INDIA.
PUTHUYAMPUTHUR VILLAGE ORGANIC FARMING PROGRAM
PARTICIPATORY RURAL APPRAISIAL SURVEY (PRA)
Puthiyamputhur Agriculture season can be divided into 4 quarters. In the III quarter, specially since July, into agricultural field bunds are remake, and plantain is planted. The good quality of plantain saplings are planted at Jan upto the month of March plantain planting is continue. Form Apr to June plantains are nourished well with the enough watering, Removal of weeds , various fertilizers usage. During end of Dec first phase of plantain harvest is began. Twice in an year plantain are harvested. Plantain leaves are marketed Chennai & Coimbatore through various middle man. Plantain leaves are marketed throughout the year. But green plant (Fruits & Vegetables) only harvested at twice in a year. ( All this datas got from Vendiagram & Seasonal diagram – PRA tools)
In Puthiyamputhur, during the IV quarter the rainy season starts ( at Sep). During this occasion , paddy cultivation and also vegetables ( Brinjal , Ladies finger and Tomato is started only 10% of the area. During the last quarter (Oct , Nov , Dec) the final and continuous care given ( Removal of weeds , fertilizers usage , Insecticides sparying). In the middle of the December to beginning of January, riped paddy grains are harvested. The harvested grains are used for themselves and marketed to various ways. Paddy is not much profitable to Puthiyampudur farmers. But it is provided for their food purpose mainly. In Puthiyampudur, there are two ways of irrigation is being used for cultivation and also Thiruchitrambalam well and Malar well. 25 Local ponds through bores also situated in Puthiyampudur. Almost the whole year water facility is moderate.
As the farmers have enough irrigation, Paddy cultivation is done twice in an year. Since the second half of January removal of weeds, application for fertilizers and also second phase of Paddy cultivation is proceeded. Either in the end of March or in the April middle second harvest is done. During the summer season 1/3 of the farmers plant the alternative crops, such as “Black gram, Gingerly, Tomato” . During May & June (late summer) removal of weeds, Pesticides, and Insecticides usage and nutritutional care are provided. In these plants give yield in the month of June.
At the same time the farmers don’t know flow to get a full benefit, water irrigation and also they don’t know how to use throughout the year. It is very sad they have no basic knowledge of drip irrigation. Hence the farmers want continuous trainings on drip irrigation.
Normally the farmers follow the traditional methodologies for hereditarily. Even though many innovation and new technologies are in effect they hesitate to utilize those, through this PRA farmers mainly like into arranging exposure visits. Being seen the various technologies they can get the enough knowledge about irrigation modern techniques.
Even though the farmers of the Puthiyamputhur village do the farming activities, they don’t do any soil or water test till today. All fertilizers are utilized here are only chemicals. they don’t know entire knowledge of Natural fertilizer (or) the organic fertilizer. The Puthiyamputhur village farmers are very much interested through this present PRA to provide Soil / water test and also vermin compost (organic fertilizer).
As Puthiyamputhur is a water surrounding village, we have a strong hope that through our PRA , we identified the actual needs of farmers , hence we can promote economic situation by encouragement of adapting innovative principles , and the new technologies in a sustainable way.
PUTHIYAMPUTHUR VILLAGE ORGANIC FARMING PROGRAM OF ORGANIC PHARMACY
As our second activity of the Puthiyamputhur village organic farming programme we have performed the soil test. By using the Chemical Fertilizers the farmers in the Puthiyamputhur village had spoiled the soil to much extent. Therefore we taught them periodically about the organic farming. By doing the soil test we can get the knowledge of using what type of fertilizers this village. Hence we needed to have the soil test at the various locations. In every individual farms at various locations in four corners and also in the central portion of the farm as per tee direction of the individual land portion , we mixed the samples together and prepared a 500 gm packet as follows.
S.no Date Number of Samples
The above said 300 samples of soil were submitted to the Govt. soil test laboratory, Kovilpatti As these soil tests were done thro our, they gave us the proper result for those.
PUTHIYAMPUTHUR VILLAGE DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM
EXPOSURE VISIT AT SPIC R &D UNIT
According to the direction given by the Global Giving to us we took some farmers of the Puthiyamputhur village to various locations to view the Agricultural Research and Development Units. We chose to go to SPIC Agricultural Clinic and Killikulam Agricultural College and Research Center. On 11th November we visited the SPIC R & D Unit with a team of 100 farmers. At first we went to the village and organized 100 farmers and proceeded from the Puthiyampudur Village by a Delux Seated Van at 8.30 A.m. We reached village the SPIC Agricultural Clinic at 9.30 A.m. when we reached the SPIC Agricultural Clinic, Mr.Chinna Kaliappan , field officer welcomed us and then Mr. David, Deputy Manager SPIC Agricultural Service gave us useful lecture on Plantain agriculture. Because at the Puthiyamputhur Village Plantain has been planted much. He explained about the usage of Natural Fertilizer along with the small quantity of chemical Fertilizer. Also he described in detail the farmers about the fertilizer deficiency diseases of the plantation.
¨ He emphasized the benefit of organic farming in plantain plantation.
¨ The beneficial bacterias can be easily acquired by the plant in this organic farming.
¨ He explained the importance of Nitrogen Cycle in plantain plantation.
¨ The plantain is composed of many minerals.Because of the deficiency of mineral zinc plaintain leaves scroll and shrink.
¨ Various minerals such as Copper, Boron, Iron, Manganese etc can be acquired from the wastage parts of the damaged plantains.
¨ Also he explained about the value added bi- products of the plantain.
Hence the wastage of plantain can be used for the growth of young plantains for the nutrition of Manganese, Copper, Iron, Zinc etc.
On closure of the presentation by Mr. David ( Deputy. Manager)
After Lunch - Mr.Chinna Kaliappan took us to the Exposure visit in the SPIC Agro Farm. There he explained us in detail about Vegetables, Fruits plantation and Crops. He explained clearly about plant sapplings and grow them with the help of green house. Also he gave us a rice practical explanation about Brinjal seeds plantation . He took us to the another place and explained us directly about how to use the human waste for the benefit of Agro Farming by the conversion method of human waste to the manure. Up to 6.00 P.M we had the useful exposure visit along with the valuable guidance of SPIC R & D Team .
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