An Update on Project Mosquito Nets - Nets Distribution in Zambia in 2011
Power of Love Foundation’s (POL) Project Mosquito Nets (PMN) program provides long lasting insecticide treated bed nets to women and children vulnerable to Malaria in Zambia. Power of Love’s PMN was launched in Zambia in April 2010. To date more than 3800 long lasting mosquito nets have been distributed in one urban are and one rural area in Zambia. We would like to sincerely thank donors who continue to support this program. It is with your support that we were able to provide 1500 insecticide treated nets to women and children vulnerable to Malaria in Zambia in 2011.
For more information please visit http://poweroflove.org/project-mosquito-nets-launched-zambia
Achievements of Project Mosquito Nets in 2011
We were able to provide 1500 insecticide treated nets to women and children vulnerable to Malaria in Zambia in 2011.
1. In January 2011, we provided 500 long lasting insecticide treated nets in Lusaka, Zambia.
2. In October 2011 we provided 1000 long lasting insecticide treated nets to people vulnerable to Malaria in Kapiri-Mposhi, a rural area in Zambia.
3. Education on prevention of malaria, proper treatment and maintenance of nets was provided to recipients of nets.
Attached is a picture of a volunteer noting the weight of the child and asking his mom about the health of her child at the nets distribution event in October 2011.
Impact of the Distribution
Provision of bed nets and education on malaria prevention and proper use and maintenance of nets will go a long way in eradicating malaria from the community. We expect to see a marked reduction in the incidence of malaria due to: (i) lower infection rates will lead to higher school attendance, and (ii) health of people living with HIV/AIDS will improve as their immune system is not further compromised due to malaria.
1. The next distribution of a 1000 nets is planned for September 2012 before the malaria season in Zambia.
2. At this time we are raising funds to provide an additional 1000 long lasting insecticide treated nets (LLIN’s) in one rural areas in Zambia in 2012. Your support to this program will go a long way in preventing malaria and keeping the children healthy and in school.
An Update on Project Mosquito Nets - Nets Distribution in Zambia in October 2011
Power of Love Foundation’s (POL) Project Mosquito Nets program provides long lasting insecticide treated bed nets to women and children vulnerable to Malaria in Zambia. We would like to sincerely thank donors who continue to support this program. It is with your support that we were able to provide 1000 insecticide treated nets to women and children vulnerable to Malaria in and around Lusaka, Zambia in October 2011.
Distribution of Nets in Zambia
Recipients were identified through community outreach, including door-to-door home visits and were chosen based on need. For example, households with children under the age of 15 years living with unemployed grandparents, children of parents who were unemployed or too poor to purchase nets, and children of HIV positive parents. Each beneficiary household was given one net with the understanding that the net will be used by 1-3 family members.
Location of the Distribution of Nets
1. Site: Kapiri-Mposhi, Zambia. Nets Distributed: 700
The majority of the nets were distributed to residents of the Ndeke compound in Kapiri-Mposhi, Zambia. Kapiri-Mposhi is a town of 75,000 residents located approximately 220 km away from Lusaka. The Power of Love Foundation partnered with “Shalom Project” (a local non-profit organization) to identify beneficiaries and complete distribution activities. The need for nets is huge in the Ndeke compound of Kapiri-Mposhi as most of its residents are unemployed and too poor to afford bed nets. In the rainy season in particular, this area becomes waterlogged and swampy creating an ideal breeding ground for mosquitos. In addition, Kapiri has high rates of HIV infection as it is the transport link for Tanzania.
In 2010, Power of Love had distributed 1200 insecticide treated nets to the residents of Ndeke compound and one net was being used by 2-3 people on average. We are seeing a reduction in malaria cases as a result of the provision of nets in 2010 and in 2011. The Table below gives the number of malaria cases for the period, May to September for 2010 and 2011. This data was collected from the local clinic and shows a drop of 26% in the number of malaria cases in 2011.
Table 1 – Number of Malaria Cases in Ndeke, Kapiri-Mposhi for the months of May to September for 2010 and 2011.
Malaria Cases in 2010 Malaria Cases in 2011
May 246 May 290
June 477 June 247
July 450 July 349
August 95 August 85
September 172 September 88 Total 1440 Total 1059
2. Distribution Site: Chiyuyu, Zambia. Nets Received: 200
Chiyuyu is approximately 45 km away from Lusaka. The area includes a swamp land and the river, both of which contribute to the high rates of malaria in the region. With over 5,000 people spread across 7 villages, the single local clinic is overworked with malaria cases. The clinic had requested nets from the Power of Love in order to reduce the number of malaria cases.
3. Distribution Site: Lupwa Lowabumi, Zambia. Nets Received: 50
Lupwa Lowabumi is a rural town approximately 50 km from Lusaka. The Zambian Association of Child and Youth Care workers partnered with the Lupwa Lowabumi community to form a Safe Park (community youth program) and nets were provided to participating youth.
4. Distribution Site: Lusaka, Zambia. Nets Received: 50
Power of Love operates a pediatric AIDS care clinic in the Matero Compound in Lusaka and children enrolled in this program were provided with nets.
We would like to thank donors who provided a generous gift of health to people vulnerable to Malaria in Zambia. As a result of your support, we will distribute an additional 1000 long lasting insecticide treated nets to pregnant women and children vulnerable to Malaria in Lusaka, Zambia. The nets will be distributed in September 2011 which is the start of the Malaria season in Zambia. A distribution of 1000 long lasting insecticide treated nets will allow 2000 people to benefit from the nets as we assume 1 net for 2 sleeping spaces.
The six main compounds in Lusaka, Zambia are: Matero, Chipata, Garden, Ngombe, Lilanda, and Bauleni. Malaria bed nets will be distributed to people living in the Matero compound as this is one of the biggest compounds in Lusaka and has a population of about 175,000. The people living in Matero are at high risk and vulnerable to Malaria, and too poor to afford bed nets. In addition, the government has been unable to provide free nets to the people here. Lastly, a high prevalence of HIV makes the population at a higher risk for malaria as their immune system is compromised.
The above distribution will go a long way in reducing the incidence of malaria in Matero and we expect the health of the families and children to improve. As a result of improved health, children will be able to attend school on a regular basis. Given below is a profile of a typical beneficiary of this program.
Profile of a Typical Beneficiary from this Program
Febby Tembo is a 49 year old lady living and caring for 12 people alone as her husband is unemployed. Her son, Lawrence Tembo is HIV positive and on ARV medication. Febby has benefited from a mosquito net, as she lives in a mosquito infested area in Chunga where most of the seaware pipes are broken or blocked, and leak. This becomes a breeding area for mosquitoes.
Before receiving a mosquito net, Febby had to visit the Clinic frequently due to fever, cough and diarrhea (symptoms of malaria). However, after she and her family members have started sleeping under a mosquito net, her symptoms of malaria are gone and she and her family members are malaria free.
For Nets Distribution in Rural Zambia in September 2010
In September 2010, as a result of a grant received from the Against Malaria Foundation (www.againstmalaria.org) , the Power of Love Foundation provided 1300 long lasting insecticide treated nets to people vulnerable to Malaria in Kapri-Mposhi (a rural area) in Zambia. Kapiri Mposhi is a small town in Zambia, located about 185 kms north of the capital city of Lusaka. Mosquito nets were distributed to people living in the Ndeke compound in Kapiri-Mposhi, and this compound has a population of 9360 people and 2722 households. The reason Ndeke compound was chosen was because its population is at high risk and vulnerable to Malaria, and too poor to afford bed nets. In addition, the government has been unable to provide free nets to the people here. Lastly, a high prevalence of HIV makes the population at a higher risk for malaria as their immune system is compromised. At the distribution in September 2010, 1300 people in the Ndeke compound in Kapiri-Mposhi were provided with nets and the number of direct beneficiaries was 2600 (as 1 net has 2 sleeping spaces). Distribution of nets took place between on September 10, 11 and 12, 2010 to comfortably accommodate all 1300 direct beneficiaries. At the event, beneficiaries were provided with a demonstration on the proper treatment, use and set up and maintenance of the mosquito nets and educated on malaria prevention.
Post Distribution Survey
A post-distribution survey was conducted in November/December 2010 to assess the impact of the nets distribution in September 2010. A copy of the questionnaire used is given in Annex 1. Staff from a local NGO in Kapiri-Mposhi interviewed 150 beneficiaries and the findings are as follows:
Based on the above observations we can conclude that the nets are being used effectively by the beneficiaries and that it is possible to reduce the incidence of malaria in Kapiri-Mposhi, Zambia.
Learnings from this study
Some of the learnings of this study were:
We are thankful to Against Malaria Foundation for partnering with us so that we could make this distribution event happen. The distribution of 1300 nets to 2600 people will go a long way in reducing the incidence of Malaria in Kapiri-Mposhi, Zambia. We hope to make this an annual event so that we can continue to educate people on malaria prevention and distribute nets. This should lead to the desired impact of eradicating malaria from this area.
Annex 1 -Post- Distribution Survey Questionnaire
A. Questions for the beneficiaries (after being asked to show the net received):
B. Questions for the Clinic
Distribution of 1000 Long Lasting Insecticide Treated Nets in Lusaka, Zambia in January 2011
On January 6, 2011, 1000 long lasting insecticide treated nets were provided to people vulnerable to Malaria in Lusaka, Zambia. This distribution was made possible by funds provided by donors through Global Giving. The Power of Love Foundation team would like to thank donors who made this event possible. As a result of this distribution we expect to see a reduced incidence of Malaria in the Matero compound in Lusaka, Zambia and higher school enrollments due to the improved health of the children.
Need for Mosquito Nets
The Matero compound is one of the largest compounds in Lusaka, with a population of over 75,000 people. Residents of this compound are vulnerable to Malaria due to the existence of shallow wells, and backyard gardens which are perfect breeding grounds for the malaria larvae. In addition, a high rate of HIV prevalence (leads to a suppressed immune system) makes the people highly vulnerable to Malaria. The Government Clinic in this compound gets hundreds of Malaria cases as the residents do not have knowledge about Malaria prevention and cannot afford nets. As a result, Malaria is one of the biggest killers of children in Zambia.
Distribution of Nets in Lusaka
On January 6, 2011, a third distribution of Malaria bed nets was organized by the Power of Love Foundation in Zambia. This time 1000 long lasting insecticide treated nets were distributed as follows:
The day’s activities began with singing followed by an opening prayer, introduction of the guests by Esther Shumba, and a welcome speech by one of the Board members. The Board member emphasized the importance of the distribution of nets in the community of Matero. In addition, she explained the need for proper use (for example the need to hang them safely every morning after use) and maintenance of nets. She explained that the nets should be re-treated with chemicals after 12 months and that treatment kits could be purchased from the local pharmacy. She advised beneficiaries about proper care of backyard gardens and shallow wells, and the need to seal breeding areas of mosquito larvae in order to see a reduction in the incidence of Malaria in the future.
Attendees and Guests – More than 800 people attended the distribution day event. Representatives of the Government Clinics and Churches received nets and distributed them from their respective locations. The Zambia Police Service for the community of Matero was invited and received nets for their support group. Other invitees included representatives from local clinics, St. John Ambulance, Ward Development committee, and Board members of the Matero Care Center.
The day’s activities closed with a vote of thanks by the head Nurse, Sister Jacqueline Konkosholo, at the local Clinic. She thanked Power of Love Foundation for the continued support provided to the recipients of the nets and Matero community as a whole.
Profile of the Beneficiaries
The direct beneficiaries of the mosquito nets were children who are HIV positive (with most born HIV positive) and being cared for by their grandmothers, single parents or a relative in the extended family and expecting moms. Children under the age of five years and those who are HIV positive are highly vulnerable to Malaria.
Criteria for the Beneficiaries
Priority was given to children (all are HIV positive) enrolled in Power of Love’s Community Care program, women in Power of Love’s micro loans programs, HIV positive children in the community, children below 5 years of age who are HIV positive, pregnant women, nursing moms, and people who have TB and/or HIV/AIDS as co-infection rates between HIV and TB and Malaria are very high. A list of 1000 beneficiaries was prepared and they were invited to the event so that t they could receive the nets.
Impact of the Distribution of Nets
The distribution of nets helps 2000 people directly as two people can sleep under a net and several hundred more people in the community indirectly as they learn about Malaria prevention from the recipients. We expect that the use of these nets will reduce the incidence of malaria in the community, and fewer deaths will be recorded.
We will carry out a post-distribution survey in March 2011, to assess the impact of this distribution. Recipients of nets will be asked to answer questions regarding proper usage and maintenance of nets, and also the impact on their health. The purpose of this study will be to assess the impact of the distribution on the number of cases of Malaria in the Malaria season in 2011 (typically runs from January to May), if the health of children has improved, and if there is an increase in school attendance.
A brief list of expenses is given below. With funds raised from donors such as you, we purchased and distributed 1000 malaria bed nets in Lusaka, Zambia for a total expense of $6600.
Actual Expenses for Distribution of 1000 Malaria Nets in Zambia in January 2011
Expense Item Amount in USD
Mosquito Nets (1000) 5978
Transport of Nets 65
Transport for Staff 33
Transport for Guests 196
Temporary hire of hall 54
Expenses for Consultant 44
Note: The Exchange rate used is 1 USD=4600 ZMK
The distribution activities were performed as planned and we would like to thank our donors again for their generosity. However, since the need for nets is much higher, a large number of uninvited guests turned up hoping to receive a net. We were able to provide nets only to people on our list and this led to disappointment for those who did receive nets. At this time we are raising funds to distribute an additional 2000 nets in a rural area in Zambia in 2011.
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