The Disaster Risk Reduction project for the communities of Lian, Batangas and Bagac, Bataan is now on full swing. The project has recently hired a Project Technical Facilitator who will be in-charge of project implementation within the mentioned sites. Essentially, the project aims to conduct the following components: undertake a participatory action research for DRR; institutionalization of DRR within the local government units; and capacity building on DRR for partner sites. Participatory research for DRR entails the conduct of the following activities: profiling of the community where the intervention is to take place; conduct of studies on hazards and other sources of vulnerabilities; and inventory of previous or existing disaster related projects and legal instruments. Institutionalization of DRR within the LGU entails the following: formation of both a municipal wide DRR structure as well as several barangay based DRR groups; conduct of a local based DRR action planning session; and more importantly, the passage of a municipal ordinance establishing the DRR mechanism for the partner sites. Capacity building on DRR for community partners entail the conduct of the following: drafting and finalization of 6 DRR training modules; creation of a pool of DRR trainers from the LGU; conduct of the actual training using the finalized DRR modules; and a cross-visit to a DRR managed community in San Mateo, Rizal or Albay province in Bicol. Essence of the entire DRR intervention is building the capacity of the local government units to prepare and appropriately respond to disaster episodes. Thus focus is given to the 6 DRR modules. DRR module 1 is on the salient features of Republic Act 10121 or the Philippine Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Act of 2010; DRR module 2 is on the basic concepts of disaster; DRR module 3 is on scope, phase and activities in disaster management; DRR module 4 is on skills in disaster management; DRR module 5 is on community disaster drill; and lastly DRR module 6 is on search, rescue and recovery management. The DRR intervention will run initially for 1 year.
Essence of disaster preparedness and risk management
The Center for Social Concern and Action (COSCA) and its internal and external partners have recently sat down to discuss future disaster response actions. During the 22 June 2010 meeting, representatives from the center, selected faculty members from the university, disaster management practitioners from the Center for Disaster Preparedness and Management (CDP) and Citizens’ Disaster Response Center (CDRC) and the founder of Buklod Tao, a peoples’ organization established in San Mateo, Rizal got together to plan out disaster management activities for external partners. To aid the group, the following inputs were provided during the session: presentation of the Lasalyano Kaakibat tuwing Sakuna (LAKAS): the DLSU disaster response mechanism; presentation of the results of two post-Ondoy consultation-workshops held last year; and highlights of the new law mandating disaster risk reduction and management in the Philippines.
The major output of the session was the formulation of the DLSU Disaster Risk Reduction and Management (DRRM) Action Framework, incorporating the concepts of DRRM and academe-local government unit-NGO partnership. The framework stressed collaborative efforts among the major stakeholders in disaster risk reduction as well as placing emphasis on the community based approach. This framework will also serve to guide the university and its major partners in providing disaster related support to external communities as well as the basis for capacity building for both the university and the partner sites.
The center will pilot the said DRRM initiative in two pre-selected communities of Lian, Batangas and Bagac, Bataan, were community organizing efforts are currently being undertaken.
All of these initiatives will run parallel to the existing university commitment to build gabion boxes along the Nangka River in San Mateo, Rizal in an effort to strengthen the riverbanks against erosion and the fine-tuning of the Disaster Response Mechanism of DLSU.
With the impending approval of the Philippine Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Act of 2010, the De La Salle University Manila through the Center for Social Concern and Action (COSCA) in partnership with internal and external stakeholders in disaster work will hold a third session to conceptualize and initially draft the university’s DRR plans for external partners for school year 2010 to 2011. This is the 3rd of the series of disaster related forums started last 2009 immediately preceding the typhoon Ondoy incident. The first two workshops highlighted the lack of disaster preparations in local communities as well as limited response and rehabilitation activities provided by service institutions.
This third workshop is crucial not only due to the soon to be passed DRR framework to be adopted by the country but moreso on the factoring in of the Climate Change Adaptation strategies as a major consideration in DRR planning. This forum tentatively scheduled for 22 June 2010 is to be attended in by the following COSCA partners in disaster preparedness work: a representative from the Behavioral Science Department of DLSU; representatives from Citizen Disaster Response Network; and selected representatives from the local communities.
Expected to be discussed during the forum are the following: conceptualization of an academic based CCA-DRR framework; course content for a CCA-DRR planning process for 2 pilot sites in Bagac, Bataan and Lian, Batangas; and the conduct of vulnerability studies for the mentioned pilot sites focusing on the identification of potential hazards. Ultimately, the goal of the entire exercise is the provision of relevant packages of services to the pilot sites to ensure the communities’ resiliency during disaster episodes and the replication of these initiatives to other COSCA partner sites.
Parallel to this activity is the continued procurement and storing of necessary relief items as part of the immediate response mechanism of COSCA and the on-going construction of gabion boxes in San Mateo, Rizal. This is a structural enhancement system to ensure stability of the riverbanks during floodings and other extreme conditions.
Bill Brower is a Field Program Officer with GlobalGiving who is visiting our partners’ projects throughout South and Southeast Asia. On March 5th he met with Joseph Rosal of the De la Salle University Center for Social Concern and Action and Noli Abinales of their implementing partner, Buklod Tao, in the COSCA office in Manila. His “Postcard” from the visit:
COSCA has already reported on their initial response to last year’s Typhoon Ondoy; in speaking with them and seeing pictures, it does appear that money from GlobalGiving’s generous donors was able to help many people in the chaotic days and weeks following the storm with emergency supplies and medical teams. There is still some money left and I was happy to hear that it will be going to disaster risk reduction—replicating in other communities the success Buklod Tao has had in San Mateo. Too often disaster response is limited to what can be done ex post facto, missing the most effective way to save lives: being prepared before the worst hits.
Noli Abinales and others started Buklod Tao in 1997 as a community-based disaster management team. They trained rescue teams, fabricated rescue boats and developed an early warning system. Since then there have been no casualties in their community, unlike in neighboring communities. Their primary initiative these days is “on-site relocation”—building higher, safer homes in the communities where vulnerable families live. They have also been putting up embankment walls, some with the help of DLSU students, to help prevent flooding. I’m happy that GlobalGiving money will allow COSCA and Buklod Tao to expand these life-saving initiatives to other communities, long after much of the world’s attention has moved on to Haiti, Chile, China…
The harsh aftermath of typhoon Ondoy continues to challenge the country’s disaster management response. Ondoy brought so much rain inundating some areas in the Metropolitan Manila and nearby provinces (Rizal, Laguna & Bulacan). The disaster also surprised other places experiencing flood for the first time. It also made other places inaccessible because of the high water level.
As of October 8, 2009, the National Disaster Coordinating Council (NDCC) has pegged the total damage caused by Ondoy to have reached PhP 9.7 billion. Lives were also lost. According to NDCC, a total of 298 people were killed, 5 injured and 39 missing. The NDCC also claimed that about 829,498 families or 4 million people have been affected by the disaster. Of this, more than 100,000 families are still requesting for assistance.
On September 28, two days after the devastating typhoon wrought havoc to the lives of many Filipinos, the De La Salle University Manila (DLSU-M) started its relief operation for the victims of Ondoy. Dubbed as SAGIP METRO: DLSU-Manila’s Relief Drive, it primarily aims to collect and distribute relief goods to communities that were hardly-hit by the calamity. The project was spearheaded by the university’s Center for Social Concern & Action (COSCA), the Student Council (SC) and the Office of the President/Chancellor.
The project is not only an effort to assist the victims of Ondoy, it has also been an opportunity for Lasallians to rekindle the spirit of damayan in time of disaster. Students, faculty members, staff, parents, alumni have shown their support for the relief drive by serving as volunteers, donating goods and money, offering vehicles for the relief distribution, asking network and partner organizations for donations and reporting situations of other Lasallians who need special assistance/intervention.
First Phase Operation
During the first day of the relief drive, more than 400 volunteers showed up and assisted in soliciting donations, packing and distributing goods to identified communities. Some students and faculty volunteers even went to malls near the university to solicit goods for the relief operation. In the succeeding days of the operation, the project team had to organize at least two shifts to accommodate the increasing number of volunteers. Donations also poured in as other members of the academic community helped in disseminating the information about the university-led relief drive.
By the end of the first wave of relief operation, 11,616 bags of food, toiletries, clothing, water, and medicine were given away to 29 communities across 14 cities and provinces. The distribution of relief goods was in coordination with 22 partner community-based organizations, church institutions, local government units, civil society formations and other organized groups.
Project Structure & Committees
To make the relief drive organized and systematic, the project team put up a structure and mechanisms for operation. Sagip Metro has assigned an over-all coordinator to harmonize the activities of the identified committees. The five major committees include: a) Donations; b) Deployment & Distribution; c) Mobilization of Volunteers; d) Documentation, and e) Dissemination of Information.
The Donations Committee receives the donations (both in kind and in cash), makes the necessary inventory of the received donations and donors, sorts out and packs the received items for distribution.
The second committee, Deployment & Distribution, identifies and prioritizes the target beneficiaries and facilitates the deployment and actual distribution of the relief goods. This committee also makes sure that there is at least one organized group in the identified communities. The organization should have a system of distributing the donated items.
As the name already implies, the third committee deals with concerns related to effective and efficient way of mobilizing volunteers. It assigns volunteers to a particular task. The committee also gives pre and post-activity orientation/de-briefing for volunteers (e.g. deployment, packing etc.). Meanwhile, the Dissemination of Information Committee is responsible for sending out official announcement and correspondence to DLSU institutional partners and to the public in general.
Lastly, the Documentation Committee is in-charge of consolidating all the reports of other committees (e.g. list of members of DLSU community - students, faculty, staff etc. - and partner communities that have been badly hit by Ondoy). It is also tasked to organize the information on the situation of the affected Lasallians and partner communities as well as their immediate needs. It gives update to the Information Dissemination committee so the latter can come up with regular announcements/updates.
Aside from the structure and ad hoc committees, the team also came up with a set of criteria for selecting and prioritizing target beneficiaries of the relief goods. The criteria are as follows: a) partner communities/members of DLSU community as priorities; b) urgency of needed intervention; c) extent of damage to community; d) extent of assistance needed; e) extent of assistance already received (from NGOs, GOs, Church groups etc.); f) existence of organized & credible group to lead identification & distribution (based on information from coordination efforts, news etc.).
Second Phase of Relief Drive & Future Plans
After four days of relief operation (September 28 to October 01), the project team decided to temporarily cease relief goods packing and deployment activities due to impending danger posed by tropical storm Pepeng. The second phase of relief project resumed last October 05 (Monday) and will end on Saturday (October 10). Acceptance of in kind donations is until October 09 only. However, cash donation will continue since the money can be used for the next level of institutional intervention – rehabilitation of affected communities.
Rehabilitation intervention includes physical assistance (house build, environmental clean up, putting up/installation of water and lighting systems, solid waste management etc.), psychological & post-disaster trauma counselling, community re-building & development (livelihood, disaster prevention etc.) interventions. Plans for reconstruction and rehabilitation of affected families are already being discussed with partner communities. The university will also conduct series of workshops on disaster preparedness and management as part of the long-term institutional intervention on disaster.
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Director, Center for Social Concern and Action
National Capital Region