On December 15, 2011, Typhoon Sendong (international name: Washi) entered the Philippine Area of Responsibility (PAR). By 10:00 PM, the tropical storm maintained its strength and moved towards the Northeastern Mindanao and Eastern Visayas. Consequently, the Philippine Atmospheric Geophysical Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) declared a Public Storm Signal No. 2 in Visayas and Mindanao, while Signal No. 1 in several parts of Luzon. According to the Situation Report No. 5 released by the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC) three (3) days after the incident, massive deluge came about in Regions VI, VII, IX, X, XI, and CARAGA. Concurrently, the hardest hit provinces were Cagayan de Oro and Iligan City. The initial damaged assessment and report of NDRRMC released on December 18, 2011 revealed that the total number of families affected/internally displaced was 19, 234 or approximately 106,476 individuals. Likewise, there were reported cases of people missing, injured, rescued, and killed. On December 20, 2011, President Benigno S. Aquino III declared a State of National Calamity through Proclamation No. 303. Subsequently, donations from the international community, through the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UN OCHA), were accepted. This declaration propelled an overwhelming support, both from the national and international community. Based on the official report from the NDRRMC dated January 4, 2012, the total number of population affected in 260 barangays/30 municipalities/8 cities in 13 provinces reached 114,288 families or 724,729 individuals. Similarly, the number of deaths recorded was 1,275, while 4,658 were badly injured, 98 were missing, and 441 were rescued respectively. Also, the report underscores that majority of those that were killed were women and children who were drowned when the river swelled in Cagayan de Oro. Concurrently, a great number of victims came from the nearby areas such as Iligan City and the rest of the provinces in the South, which includes Zamboanga del Norte and Compostela Valley. Given the magnitude of the disaster, thousands of people flocked into different temporary shelters. The United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UN OCHA) highlighted in their January 3, 2012 Situation Report that the humanitarian needs and concerns of the evacuees include: (1) more conducive temporary shelters; (2) water, sanitation, and hygiene; (3) food security; (4) logistics; (5) protection, including child protection and gender-based violence; (6) education; (7) health, including reproductive health; and, (8) proper nutrition among others. Propelled by the situation and the Lasallian Guiding Principles (LGP), the De La Salle Philippines (DLSP) met on December 19, 2011 at the La Salle Greenhills to plan the One-La Salle response to the magnitude of the disaster. Each La Salle schools were asked to send representative(s) to the meeting. Ms. Ma Lourdes F. Melegrito, the Director of the Center for Social Concern and Action (COSCA) of the De La Salle University - Manila who also sits at the National Coordinator of the Lasallian Justice and Peace Commission (LJPC), spearheaded the aforementioned meeting. Likewise, the following were present during the meeting: Eden Batad (De La Salle Philippines), Jayjay N. Jacinto (De La Salle Zobel), Melchor A. Oribe (De La Salle Canlubang), Aliver Antiqueno (De La Salle Greenhills), Rio Ramos (De La Salle University Dasmarinas), Isabel Balana (De La Salle University), Joseph Rosal (De La Salle University), Terteen Omana (De La Salle University), Benigno Balgos (De La Salle University), Alex Resurrecion (LSGH Alumni), Violeta Ramirez, and Nolo Rosales (Volunteer). One of the main achievements of the meeting was the release of the Official Letter from DLSP calling for community assistance in mobilizing resources for the relief operation as the country grappled with another devastation brought about by Typhoon Sendong, particularly in Iligan City and Cagayan de Oro. In the meeting, it was agreed upon that the assistance would be directed first to the La Salle Academy in Iligian City where many of the teachers, staffs, and students were badly affected. The following day, the One La Salle effort for Oplan Sagip Mindanao was able to send cash donations to respond to the immediate needs of the evacuees. Each La Salle schools called upon their respective constituents to contribute and share whatever they can (relief items, money) to the response. And as a result of the overwhelming response from the community, starting December 20, 2011 up to the present, the Oplan Sagip Mindanao of DLSP was able to send consideration quantity of relief items to the people affected by the disaster. Through the united efforts of the De La Salle Schools, the following had been delivered, particularly in Iligan City, to the victims of Typhoon Sendong: December 20, 2011 (Tuesday) Items Quantity Clothes 62 sacks + 4 boxes Blankets 4 bundles Water 42 boxes Sardines 5 boxes Noodles 13 boxes Biscuits 4 cans Toiletries 1 bag The goods were brought through the Philippine Navy Headquarters along Roxas Boulevard. Meanwhile, the shipment was made possible through the help of the Philippine Navy, the Philippine Army, and Pauline De Lange, a student of DLSU. December 22, 2011 (Thursday) Items Quantity Clothes 133 sacks Bottled Water 71 boxes Food/Clothes c/o DLSU 32 boxes The Goods were brought to Iligan City through the help of Sea Freight c/o Super Ferry and Pauline De Lange. December 23, 2011 via Air 21 (Morning) Items Quantity Used clothes 57 boxes, 174 sacks, 3 boxes Mattresses 5 pieces Blankets 35 big plastic bags Water 39 boxes Noodles 76 boxes Canned Goods 45 boxes Biscuits 21 boxes Rice 14 sacks Blankets 48 bundles All the goods were brought from Manila to La Salle Academy via door-to-door delivery. December 26, 2011 via NN-ATS (Aboitiz) Items Quantity Blankets 42 bundles Rice 14 sacks Assorted Goods 15 boxes Used Clothes 295 sacks Cup Noodles 40 boxes Used Bed Sheets 200 pieces All the goods were brought from Manila to La Salle Academy via door-to-door delivery. December 27, 2011 via Sulpicio Lines Items Quantity Clothes 96 sacks Water 40 boxes, 12 bottles, and 3 packs Noodles 12 boxes Biscuits 4 boxes, 1 pale Blankets/Towels 14 boxes Kitchen utensils 2 boxes Canned goods 5 boxes Through Negros Navigation (San Rafael Cargo Ship) Items Quantity Rice 10 sacks and 1 box Canned goods 18 boxes Water 17 boxes Shoes/bags/hats 5 boxes Blankets 8 boxes Diapers 6 boxes Medicines 1 boxes Utensils 2 boxes Mattress 1 piece Clothes 50 sacks Goods to be delivered on January 6, 2012 Items Quantity Clothes 73 sacks Blankets/towels 3 sacks and 23 boxes Rice 4 sacks Water 62 boxes Canned goods 3 boxes Noodles 19 boxes Medicines 23 boxes Toiletries 17 boxes Biscuits 8 boxes Shoes 10 boxes and 2 sacks Slippers 4 sacks and 1 box Diapers 5 sacks These will be delivered through a one 10-foot container courtesy of Negros Navigation. Likewise, Ms. Rio Ramos from De La Salle Dasmarinas and Ms. Violeta Ramirez of De La Salle Lipa, and Jayjay Jacinto of De La Salle Zobel notified DLSP that they sent donations to the La Salle Academy. Based on the reports of the La Salle Academy Disaster Response Committee, as of January 3, 2012, the relief items sent to Iligian City were able to help 11,266 families in thirty (30) communities. The goods were delivered through the assistance of the Philippine Army truck and private individuals. Likewise, with the support of the Alumni, the school was able to undertaken medical and dental services to the evacuees. Concurrently, relief packs had been given to the family members of De La Salle University staffs (from the Human Resource Development and Management Office, Accounting Office, and Safety and Security Office) who were victims of the typhoon. On January 5, 2012, a meeting at the De La Salle University was held for updates, both at the situation in Iligan and the DLSP relief operations. Among those present in the aforementioned meeting were: Fr. Luke Moortgat, Myra C. Magno, Bong Quiamno Jr., Ron Resurrecion, Dr. Caring Tarroja, Dr. Homer Yabut, Mr. Anton Palo, Dr. Ian Reyes, Mr. Ron Resurrecion, Joey Rosal, Isabel Lanada, and Benigno Balgos. During the meeting, the need to provide psychosocial intervention surfaced. However, in doing so, there is a need to identify specific areas where the psychosocial interventions will be given, so that there won't be duplication of even being undertaken by other organizations. Consequently, an advance party composed of six (6) individuals will be going to Iligan City on January 12, 2012 until January 14, 2012 to undertake the following: (1) Rapid Assessment/Damage, Needs, Capacities Assessment (DNCA); and, (2) Assessment for Psychosocial Intervention. The team is composed of Fr. Luke Moortgat, Myra C. Magno, Bong Quiamno Jr., Mr. Anton Palo, Isabel Lanada, and Benigno Balgos. Likewise, the DLSP will continue to receive donations whether cash or in kind in order to respond the needs of the affected populations as a consequence of Typhoon Sendong.
The De La Salle University conducted a three day orientation on Community Based Disaster Risk Reduction & Management (CBDRRM) for the three clusters composed of nineteen barangays in the municipality of Lian, Batangas last August 17-19, 2011. The said CBDRRM orientation was conducted as a preparatory disaster measure since the area was identified high risk for tsunamis according to the Regional Disaster Risk Reduction Management Council and the Philippine Volcanology and Seismology Office. Majority of the participants were fishers, farmers and local residents.
COSCA has been working with the Lian Municipal Disaster Risk Reduction Management Council since November 2010 for its Disaster Risk Reduction Program. While anticipating for the local Executive Councils’ approval of the DRR ordinance, the center together with the Municipal Social Welfare Development Office and the Municipal Environment and Natural Resources Office planned this activity to prepare the residents for the adverse impacts of disasters.
Ms. Valentina delos Reyes, Municipal Social Welfare and Development Officer and Mr. Alvin Johnson, Municipal Environment and Natural Resources Officer were on hand to extend support to the proceedings. Food and venue for the participants were shouldered by the local government unit.
The first day, held at Barangay Binubusan Chapel and hosted by the Barangay Binubusan Development Office discussed why the Philippines is prone to disasters. By the end of the day, they were able to draft their own DRR plans for recommendation and approval of their respective local government units (LGUs).
The second day orientation seminar was held at the Lian Covered Court discussed practical guidelines to be done in times of disasters. Participants even volunteered to continue the implementation of the clean and green programs/activities all over the municipality as a form of disaster adaptation strategy. They also recommended the continued provision of services for the poor and the marginalized sectors of the municipality. They would also seek the support of Hon. Vilma Santos-Recto, Governor of Batangas for financial assistance for their disaster preparedness programs.
The third day which was held at the Barangay San Diego Chapel was highlighted by the film, gutom (hunger), which showed the vulnerabilities, the need to be prepared and to act accordingly. Most of the participants were touched by the scenes depicting the impoverished situation the Filipino people are facing giving rise to the adage, “The higher the vulnerabilities, the more disasters will happen”. Their realization is that they need to prepare to avoid and prevent risks and disasters. There is also a need for them to improve their capacities to lower their vulnerabilities.
URGENT APPEAL FOR THE VICTIMS OF TYPHOON FALCON
About 231,542 families were badly affected by typhoon Falcon “international name Meari” or 1,103,428 people in 698 baranggays, of 69 municipalities in four regions, according to the report of National Disaster Risk Reduction Management Council or NDRRMC. A significant increase was noted in the affected population most particularly in the provinces of Pampanga, Zambales, Bataan, Tarlac, and Bulacan in Region III. However, in totality, a considerable decrease of about 16,064 families / 73,335 persons in 55 evacuation centers.
Most of the evacuees went home when the flood subsided. In NCR, about twenty five (25) evacuation centers are still open serving 762 families / 3,769 persons. In Region III, ninety nine (99) evacuation centers are operational and continuously providing services and shelter to 7,139 families / 34,693 persons while 12,841 family / 62,303 persons who opted to stay outside the evacuation centers are still provided with relief goods. Of the total affected, 7,906 families or 38,485 persons are still housed at 126 evacuation centers. Three people were reported killed, three injured, and 18 others missing. A total of 1,282 houses (120 totally and 1,162 partially) were damaged in Regions III, IV-A, V, VI and NCR caused by flooding and tornado.The government estimated the damage to agriculture and infrastructure in Regions III, IV-A and V at PhP152, 711,284.90.
CALL FOR HELP
Partner organizations, LGU’s and partner communities of Center for Social Concerns and Action (COSCA) of De La Salle University is asking your support after their homes were flooded or washed away by the floods. The Local Government Units in Lian, Batangas and Bagac, Bataan are asking for support as their constituents were victims of typhoon Falcon. In Barangay Pag-asa, Bagac, Bataan, COSCA’s one of the pilot baranggays for the Community-Based Disaster Risk Reduction Management Program (CBDRRMP) a total of 890 families were affected by floodings. Victims of totally damaged houses are now staying in Bagac, Central Elementary School. Some were recorded staying in their relatives. However, Barangay San Diego, Lian Batangas Baranggay Disaster Risk Reduction Management Council (BDRRMC)recorded ten (10) houses partially damaged and an estimated 702 individuals affected or 140 families.
COSCA’s CWTS-NSTP Program documented reports from its Partner Organizations in NCR, as they solicited the support of COSCA with the particular situation at present: PPC: In Parola, Tondo: 30 Families affected, 10 houses totally damaged, 3 children were rescued in Pasig River (the children survived). CML Tatalon: Total families affected: 700 families (water level reached the 2nd floors of urban poor houses) KSBB: One chapter of KSBB in Bagumbong, Northville, Caloocan are still flooded, some residents transferred/evacuated to nearby schools. Food for the Hungry: San Roque badly affected. 41 families evacuated in Wawa Elementary School, FH Families 8 houses partially damaged, 3 totally destroyed. UM: Flooded areas Kaingin Bukid, Masambong River and River Side, Mapulang Lupa. MDRRMC’s and BDRRMC’s conducted Damage Needs Capacities Assessments or DNCA last June 26 and according to the reports, typhoon victims are in need of food and non-food items.
Each family is in need of the following:
FOOD ITEMS: • 10 kilos of rice • 6 canned goods • Dried fish • Mung beans • 1 kilo sugar • Cooking or vegetable Oil • Coffee • Milk • Bottled water • Noodles
NON-FOOD ITEMS • Old and new clothes (pants, t-shirts, shorts, underwear) • Plastic sheets • Sleeping mats • Blankets • Kitchen utensils • Medicines • Water containers • Laundry soaps • Sanitary napkins (for women/ladies) • Tissue • Construction materials for housing repairs • Fishing nets (for fisher folks) • Seeds (for farmers)
Donations may be sent through CENTER FOR SOCIAL CONCERN AND ACTION (COSCA) of DE LA SALLE UNIVERSITY. You may call telephone number 523-41-43 look for Miss Lilia Barrona or Miss Jennifer Santos. You may also visit our office at COSCA Office, 4th floor, SPS Building, De La Salle University, Manila. Sources: http://www.ndcc.gov.ph
Various reports from Local partner NGO’s Field reports Damage Needs Capacities Assessments (DNCA) from Municipal Disaster Risk Reduction Management Council of Bagac, Bataan Reports from Baranggay Pag-Asa Baranggay Disaster Risk Reduction Management Council (BDRRMC) Reports from Baranggay San Diego, BDRRMC Photos from Bagac, Bataan MDRRMC
The Center for Social Concern and Action (COSCA) of De La Salle University (DLSU) conducted a Community-Based Disaster Risk Reduction Management (CBDRRM) Training in Brgys Bungahan and San Diego, both located within the Municipality of Lian Batangas. These sessions were in coordination with Lian Municipal Disaster Risk Reduction Management Council and their respective Sangguniang Barangays.
The C-B DRRM training in Brgy Bungahan was spearheaded by Ms. Isabel Lanada, DRR Project Technical Facilitator. It was held last 9 April 2011 at the Bungahan Elementary School and participated in by fifty six leaders and members of the BDRRMC led by Mr. Antonio Lainez Jr., their Brgy Captain. The session focused on DRR module one which discussed among others the basic concepts in Disaster Management such as Vulnerabilities, Hazards and Capacities. Highlight of the activity is the drafting of their own community map with the corresponding Risks as well as Vulnerabilities. By the end of the one day training, most participants suggested to have the project continue DRRM capacity building activities in the community such as drills, trainings, information gathering and dissemination campaigns.
The second CBDRRM session was held last April 11 and 12, 2011 at Brgy San Diego. The participants led by Mr. Jose Cabadin, San Diego Brgy Captain, listened intently to the modules provided by Ms. Lanada and were even able to articulate their suggestions to the DRR process for their brgy. These include the issuance of the necessary Brgy Ordinance establishing the BDRRMC, the holding of a community based disaster management planning, the conduct of a Brgy wide DRR information dissemination campaign, and allocation of five percent of the Internal Revenue Allocation of the Brgy for disaster management activities.
One notable suggestion made by the participants of the DRR session in Brgy San Diego was the need to have several DRR documents translated from English to popular Pilipino for easier comprehension by the readers. These articles include: the Hyogo Framework for Action and the Republic Act 10121 (DRRM Law of 2010).
Honorable Osita Vergara, Local Chief Executive of Lian, Batangas and concurrent Chairperson of its Municipal Disaster Risk Reduction Management Council (MDRRMC) led a meeting last 14 April 2011 to discuss the DRR budgetary process and other concerns for the municipality. More specifically, the local disaster council talked about allocating five percent budget from the Municipal Internal Revenue Allocation to finance its Local Disaster Risk Reduction Management commitment. Concrete gains are the allocation of P 1,156,248.78 (30% of the 5% from IRA) for Emergency Response activities and P 2,697,913.82 (70% of the 5% from IRA) for Disaster Preparedness, Mitigation and Rehabilitation initiatives. The said session was facilitated by Ms. Maria Isabel B. Lanada, Project Technical Facilitator of the Center for Social Concern and Action (COSCA), the social development unit of the De La Salle University (DLSU) Manila. Representatives from the following offices also attended the mentioned activity: Municipal Environment and Natural Resources Office (MENRO), Rural Health Unit (RHU), Philippine National Police (PNP), Bureau of Fire Protection (BFP), Association of Barangay Captains (ABC), Municipal Agriculture Office (MAO), Municipal Health Office (MHO), Lian DRR Office, local Department of Education (DepEd) office, Municipal Social Welfare Office (MSWDO) and the local Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH) office. Other highlights include the following: a). the status of the institutionalization and mainstreaming of the Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) Law currently being undertaken by the Sangguniang Bayan; b). the planned DRR Orientation for the Association of the Barangay Captains on May 21-23, 2011 in Palawan; c). plans for April 22, 2011 Earth Day Celebration, where the municipality will turn off their lights for one hour from 5:00am to 6:00am as part of their solidarity and cooperation with groups advocating for climate change adaptation. The council likewise, conceptualized a municipal level disaster drill and a series of disaster campaign activities from May to July 2011. This will also serve as the culminating activity for the celebration of disaster month in July. As part of the continuing DRR capacity building for the MDRRMC of Lian, the project will also undertake a site visit of the MDRRMC operations in the province of Albay this May 25-27, 2011. The objectives of the site visit are as follows: a). to understand and comprehend in practical terms DRR preparatory activities; and b). to gain knowledge and skills in DRR systems and mechanisms by the province of Albay. The MDRRMC of Lian has in fact allotted funds for this. The council was also able to plan the set of parallel activities to be conducted by the DRR Project Technical Facilitator and the different offices in Lian. These include the following: a). an orientation on climate change (July 1, 2011) for PTA Officers; b). structural evaluation of infrastructures such as bridges, ports and buildings within Lian by DPWH; c). DRR preparations and food security by MAO to include seed banking and nursery of hardwood and fruit trees, and mangrove conservation; and d). propagation of disaster resilient crops and a training on Organic Farming and Diversified Integrated Farming Systems will be launched, also in partnership with the MAO. Also in the pipeline is the formulation and implementation of a system on emergency response. Activities related to this are the following: a). Disaster Needs Capacities Assessment (DNCA); b). Relief Delivery Operations (RDO); and c). Evacuation Management. As part of the DRR education and information campaign, the MDRRMC is planning to hold a motorcade within Lian. This is to provide DRR related information to the residents as well as to impart the culture of safety among the community members. Flyers, brochures and posters will be distributed to all barangays of the municipality. These mentioned plans including the necessary budget will be submitted by the MDRRMC to the Sangguning Bayan for review and approval. A copy will then be furnished to the local Commission on Audit (COA).
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Director, Center for Social Concern and Action
National Capital Region