The Limbu Language Development Association (LiLDA) is supporting local schools and the Limbu communities in Pachathar to promote Multilingual Education (MLE). It supports the use of Limbu language and culture in basic education. Mother tongue based MLE program seeks to improve the learning process in a natural way and create a classroom environment that is enjoyable to the students
LiLDA is also supporting activities that preserve and use indigenous skills to improve Limbu speaker's economic situation. LiLDA is coordinating with different government and non-government agencies. Language Development Centre - Nepal (LDC-Nepal) regularly providing its assistant to LiLDA to implement Limbu Project effectively.
Activity 1: Limbu Material Development Workshop (8-10 July 2014)
This workshop was conducted in Panchakanya Lower Secondary School, Aangarang-2 and Subjani Primary School, Yasok-4. Participants were teachers, students, School Management Committee members, parents and local Indigenous Knowledge (IK) holders. The objective was to prepare contextual reference reading materials in Limbu language for grades one to three.
Themes of materials: Social science, biography, Limbu culture and customs, Poems, Stories, Songs, Festivals and Foods.
Activity 2: Limbu Indigenous Skill (Khes) development Training (Nov-Dec 2014)
The Training was conducted in Gadhi, Phidim for five young women.
Objectives: To preserve Limbu indigenous skills and promote this skills as business.
Activity 3: Limbu Literacy classes and School Support Program to implement Multilingual Education (Jul -Dec 2014)
The project is running regularly and local people are committed to continue the activities. The project is empowering the Limbu community to learn read and write in Limbu language and increasing their awareness for their linguistic rights. It is helping to promote MLE programs in two schools; Panchakanya Lower Secondary School, Aangarang-2 and Subjani Primary School, Yasok-4. Eighty-four students (Boys: 36 & Girls: 48) are getting benefits from this project.
Objectives: To promote MLE programs in Yasok and Aangsarang Village Development Committees, Panchthar.
Suggestions: Advanced literacy class need to run to literate participants in Nepali and English languages, which help them to support their children education. MLE awareness activities must be continued.
We are grateful for your support. Thank you.
The Language Development Centre Nepal (LDC-Nepal) and Help Society Nepal (HS-Nepal) is supporting the Tharu communities to implement literacy and livelihood activities in partnership with women lead cooperative groups in Dang district.
The project is empowering these communities to aware of the importance of using mother tongues in basic education (formal and non-formal). The project also supports family-based income generation activities contribute to the family income. These activities are encouraging for us because a little support from the project has a great impact in the community. Outsiders are also visiting our project office and working areas to develop their organization's strategies.
Pashupati Cooperative Group
We are supporting women led cooperative group - Pashupati Cooperative Group to enhance their capacity through regular meetings, trainings, exposure visits and one-to-one coach to group members to motivate and develop their capacity to improve socioeconomic situation. This group has 25 women members. Group members are also members of the Dipan Cooperative (Registered saving credit cooperative). This cooperative has 422 women members. Mrs. Mira Chaudhary is chairperson of the Pashupati Cooperative Group said, "We are developing our capacity and demonstrating good activities in the communities, which is encouraging local women to be involve in our group and cooperative activities. We collect and deposit NPR 100 (Approximately US$ 1.00) per month from each member and make investment through cooperative."
Community attitudes towards women’s groups is positive. This is great change and is helpful to develop an understanding of women's roles and rights with the male members in the community.
Family-based Income Generation Activities
The Pashupati Cooperative Group is collecting, depositing and investing their money through the Dipan Cooperative. Each member of this group has goats rearing activities. The project is providing technical support to select goats, provide vaccinations and identify markets for to sell the goats in coordination with the government Animal Health Service office. This year each member of the group earned NPR 40,500 (US$ 413) through selling goats.
We are grateful for your support. Thank you.
The Language Development Centre Nepal (LDC-Nepal) is implementing a Limbu Mother Tongue based multilingual education project in partnership with Limbu Language Development Association (LiLDA).
The project empowers Limbu people to learn to read and write in Limbu language and increases their awareness of linguistic rights for their communities. Our Mother tongue based multilingual education program seeks to improve the learning process for Limbu children in an easy way so school becomes enjoyable as apposed to bewildering. Our project also implements indigenous skill based income generation training programs for adults. We are encouraged because the local Limbu communities are very happy with the project activities with very small amount of support from us.
Mother Tongue-Based Multilingual Education
Two primary schools are able to start to use Limbu language as a media of instruction in the beginning grades. All together 84 children (Boys: 36 and Girls: 48) are getting benefits from the project. Thirteen teachers were trained to use mother tongue in the classroom activities. They were also trained to develop and collect Limbu literatures from Indigenous Knowledge (IK) holders as a reference reading materials in classroom.
Language attitudes are changing among the local stakeholders towards the importance of using their mother tongue at home and in local primary schools basic. Parents are interested to support school activities and they are giving more attention to their child's education.
Limbu Literacy class
Two trained facilitators conducted the two literacy classes with 39 participants. Literacy class participants are able to recognize, read and write the Limbu language with its Sirijonga script. New literacy skills are used daily to read an sign documents , read signboards and newspapers etc.
This project built five Khes (Limbu traditional skill to weaving cloth) weaving sets and conducted a one month Khes weaving training to five Limbu women. These five women have now started a family based Khes weaving business.
Our local staff makes regular visits to the project areas in Dang. A team from the Language Development Centre also visited the Tharu project in April to meet with local women groups and help them to continue sustainable livelihoods activities in coordination with local stakeholders.
We visited seven women groups and three women saving and credit groups, which are formally registered in government office. It was so good to see progression in goat rearing, vegetable farming and fodder plantations to provide fodder for their goats as apposed to denuding the local forests for fodder. We met with over 150 women during this visit who are involving in project activities. This visit was encouraging because the local women groups are able to continue and initiate new group and project activities with very little financial support from us.
Each family has 9-10 goats, one member able to earn approximately $350.00 selling goats last year. More Goat sheds are under construction and families are planting fodder trees and bushes plus fodder plants for their goats.
Saving and Credit
Each group is running a saving and credit service. Project records show that each group is able to collect and invest approximately $1,335.00. By maintaining good financial records increased trust is developed among group members and communities, which contributes to initiating new activities. Each member deposits $1.04 (NPR 100) per month in her account with the group. The group then decides who receives loans, the level of interest and the repayment schedule.
Positive changes through group activities;
Comments from some of the participants
Punam (46), Chairperson, Women Cooperative: “I am able to lead the organization because I am learning from my experiences and committed to learn from other's experiences.”
Dhana (34), Manager, and Women Cooperative: “All the children in our village are enrolled in school. Not one child who can go to school is left behind when our school is open.” We are impressed by the change we see in the parents who are now more aware about the importance of school and have the financial resources to pay for the education expenses of their children.
Maya (42) Chairperson, Women Group: “I am happy to lead group activities and work with local communities to continue the project activities. I am anticipating more support to run our Community Learning Center, which help us to sustain our literacy skills and improve our livelihood activities. Now, I realized that literate person more aware for proper use of the financial resources. I am thankful those people who are supporting us.”
Like Maya we are also grateful for your support. Thank you.
Last week we visited the Limbu project to help out with making reading materials in Limbu and train local teachers to use them in the classroom. This is all part of our multilingual education project we run in partnership with the local education office and our partner Limbu organization in the east of Nepal.
We had time to visit one of the adult literacy classes and have a look at the small business run by Limbu women that are part of our sustainable livelihoods program as well as arrange a public meeting to mark the International Mother Language Day on 20 February.
Two primary schools in Yashok and Aangsarang villages
This is going well, helped that the teachers are Limbu (not always the case in many schools) and the children are all Limbu speakers. The goal is to enable the children to their education in Limbu and then switch to Nepali.
Material Development Workshop and Teacher Training
Four teachers, two literacy class facilitators, a member of staff, one local artist, 13 local indigenous knowledge holders and some of the children’s parents were trained to collect local stories and write them down so they are not forgotten. Our aim is to use them in the classrooms with the Limbu children. The local artist has already started the illustrations.
Adult literacy classes
We visited a Limbu women literacy class in Yashok run by Deshu. She explained how she began with pre-reading and writing activities that gave the participant’s basic reading and writing skills in Limbu. The remaining time for this class will be to make sure these skills stick.
Comments from some of the participants
Kamala (60) I am able to speak Limbu fluently but now I am learning to read and write it as well. This is a great fortune for me because now I am able to recognize, read and write the Limbu alphabet.
Indra Maya (55) I have fear of loosing my language. Now I am feeling happy because this program helps me and my friends us to use our language in reading and writing.
Sangita (24) I am literate in Nepali but not in Limbu. Now I am slowly learning how to read and write in Limbu. I am proud and happy to learn my own language.
Malati (50) I was illiterate in Limbu and Nepali but able to speak both of them. Now I am able to copy Limbu alphabets but cannot read it easily because of the confusion with half letters in Limbu. So we need more simple reading materials in Limbu.
Deshu, the facilitator shared that all the participants were highly motivated but heavy responsibilities at home that make it impossible for them to attend all the classes. This means the classes will has to run longer then planned to make sure they all finish well.
Sustainable Livelihoods (Khesh weaving training)
We are providing training to five women to develop skills to weave Khesh (a special kind of cloth used for shawls) Everyone realizes that it all too easy for their community to lose these skills so Harka Maya is facilitating the training. Her mother taught her how to weave Khesh and she is proud for this opportunity to pass on her skills to the younger women.
International Mother Language Day: 20 February 2014
This was an opportunity to present our programs to wider audience, Our Limbu partner organization invited government officers and members of other organization in Phidim to discus the role of local languages in the community. One strong point was the commitment to support more local primary schools to use Limbu in the classroom.
Listening and reflection is always a feature of any visit. We learnt:
Without your donations none of this would be possible. Thank you.
Project Reports on GlobalGiving are posted directly to globalgiving.org by Project Leaders as they are completed, generally every 3-4 months. To protect the integrity of these documents, GlobalGiving does not alter them; therefore you may find some language or formatting issues.
If you donate to this project or have donated to this project, you will get an e-mail when this project posts a report. You can also subscribe for reports via e-mail without donating or by subscribing to this project's RSS feed.