AHD is working in Jati area district Thatta since 2004-2005, since 1999 to 2007 was water shortage and in 2008-2009 also low water for irrigation and farmers cultivated only 10 to 25% of their agricultural lands. In the year 2010 super floods hit the Sujawal and Jati area and almost all 100% crops and houses submerged in flood water. Again in the year 2011 & 2012 heavy rain spell damaged crops and 80% population become very poor regarding crops, livestock, food and shelter.
Again in the year 2013 late arrival of irrigation water affected almost 80% tail end farmers and majority of framers do not cultivated rice crop or still busy to cultivate some 25% of their lands for rice.
The flood 2013 again disturbs thousands of farming families, the project posted will help flood victims the plan for the next 3 months is to provide;
Food package 200 families US $ 5,000/=
Medial camps 30 7,500 families US $ 7,500/=
Total Budget required US $ 12,500/= in three months time period
The above package will help poor vulnerable families to start working in their agricultural lands and cultivate crops and vegetables, AHD will encourage people to have
Snaps attached to see the situation of flood victims, need your support for their livelihood security, we do our best to support target families and provide them with food and medical within short time period
Needs Contigency Planning for Jacobabad 2013
Rain and flooding again started in the 2013 and heavy rain hit Baluchistan and Jacoabad last night. the disaster agent, brings about considerable disruption, damage or destruction on household assets and livelihoods, on community service facilities and on major economic/economic infrastructures such as roads, irrigation schemes, municipal water supply systems, telecommunication and electric networks, etc. However, humanitarian response is primarily concerned with addressing the pressing recovery needs of the severely affected households and communities.
Food, medicine and safe & clean drinking water is vital to every community. Emergency response planning is an essential part of managing a safe drinking water system. Most public water systems have had routine operating emergencies such as pipe breaks, pump malfunctions, coliform contamination, and power outages. These are manageable if the water system has an emergency response plan that can be put into action quickly. More serious non-routine emergencies may result from intentional acts of sabotage, chemical spills, floods, hurricanes, windstorms, or droughts. These can drastically affect the system and the community that depends on it. Preparing a response plan and practicing it can save lives, prevent illness, enhance system security, minimize property damage, and lessen liability.
Flooding has the potential to deteriorate the health and nutrition situation of affected populations. Severe floods damage safe water and sanitation facilities, create poor hygiene particularly in temporary shelters, and establish conditions conducive for water borne diseases. This amplifies the risk of endemic and epidemic diseases such as acute respiratory illnesses, malaria, measles, relapsing fever and water borne diseases such as acute watery diarrhea (AWD), malaria, malnutrition, and other diseases.
we at AHD looking your all support to meet the needs of the people will be affected in 2013 for please call us at Ph: +92-22-3860880 email: firstname.lastname@example.org to know more about AHD plz click www.ahdpak.org
Formation of Village Development Committee (VDC)
Community Assistance Committees/ (CAC) Village Development Committee (VDC) is two step processes; it is a committee of people of village, who represent the whole village, highlight the issues and problems of village which they need to solve. The first step in formation of Community Assistance Committees/ (CAC) Village Development Committee (VDC) is to have an introductory meeting with the community of respective village in order that both parties should know each other very well, in introductory meeting; we briefly explain them about our project work, procedure of work and duration of our project. Introductory Meeting: - In introductory meeting, first, representative of Association of Humanitarian Development (AHD) arrange recitation of Holy QURAN PAK. After recitation of Holy QURAN PAK, AHD team introduces themselves and their organization (AHD/ERF) with community. After introduction AHD team offers them that you should also introduce yourself with us. (The purpose of this introduction is to start getting feedback from community). AHD team tells community more about their working areas that we will work on and Temporary Shelter and NFI (Kitchen Utensils) support to most vulnerable household with the consensus of community. We ensure community that if you co-operate with AHD, then AHD could start its project work as soon as possible at your village.
Identification of Beneficiaries
In each village after the process of Community Assistance Committee / village committee formation, with the support of village committee identify the beneficiaries. When all the beneficiaries were identified by village committee then AHD team register them and at last AHD team verify those beneficiaries in household level. And in the end Final Selected Beneficieries list share with communities and that list was endorsed by CAC/ VDC.
Training of Fuel Efficient Stoves
Association for Humanitarian Development (AHD) is becoming increasingly concerned about energy issues in communities, camps, or settlements where internally displaced persons (IDPs) are settled temporarily. At a minimum, all displaced people require fuel to cook, and the manner in which fuel is obtained and used can have significant impacts on displaced populations, host communities, and the surrounding natural environment. Firewood always is in high demand for traditional methods of cooking. Fuel-efficient stoves (FES) can have many positive impacts in a camp, Temporary settlement, or other IDP setting. These stoves can help save energy, reduce the time and burden of collecting firewood, and limit the associated exposure for collectors to physical attack and/or gender-based violence. Because traditional open fires can be very unsafe in crowded camp or settlement conditions, FES can reduce the risks of uncontrolled fires, as well as burns suffered by cooks and children. FES also has the potential to reduce the impact of health problems related to smoke inhalation. In many cases, cutting trees, shrubs, and roots for fuel can lead to the depletion of forests and environmental degradation in areas that host transient populations. Fuel-saving stoves can slow the degradation and help ease tensions over the use of, and access to, these natural resources. During the emergency phase of a natural disaster or complex emergency, affected populations at a minimum need water, shelter, protection, food, and the means to cook food.
Reduced risk or incidence of gender-based violence
By reducing the amount of fuel households need to cook their food, FES can, in theory, result in a reduction in fuel-gathering trips undertaken by household members—usually women and children—thus reducing their potential exposure to violence and abuse. To report on this objective, you will need to monitor the number of trips and amount of fuel your beneficiaries are collecting. Because it can be difficult and time-consuming to demonstrate that the FES directly results in reduced risks of harm, exploitation, and abuse to the targeted population.
Reduced risk of house fires and burns
All fuel-efficient stoves contain and control fire in some manner. This containment can help reduce the risk of materials catching fire from open flames, fires started by cinders or embers, and burns from open flames. Demonstrating this correlation involves tracking the number and cause of fires in communities before FES were introduced, compared to the number and cause of these incidents after the introduction of the stoves. Similarly, a survey of burns and burn victims can help determine if the FES reduced the incidence. Note that in both cases, information gathered before the program started will in most instances be recall data which must be collected and analyzed carefully.
Stoves that are more efficient or are designed to reduce emissions, in principle, could help reduce the negative health impacts of inhaling smoke. However, few organizations will have the time, resources, or expertise to undertake a full health impact study in a disaster context.
Environmental damage mitigation
Reducing the amount of cooking fuel needed by households could contribute to reduced deforestation and environmental damage.
In this regard Association for Humanitarian Development (AHD) works with the financial Support by ERF Pakistan implementing its project in Union Council Mubarkpur Taluka Thul District Jacobabad with 750 Families. The Fuel Efficient Stoves training and Construction is also included in the project activities. Following is the update of the Fuel Efficient Stoves village wise.
1 Village Profiling
20 Fill the village profile form of 20 Village
2 Formation of CAC (Community Assistance Committees )
20 Formed 20 MALE & 20 FEMALE Community Assistance Committees (CACs)
3 Beneficieries Selection
750 Total Target OF Beneficieries completed
4 Training of Fuel Efficient Stoves
750 Total Beneficieries were trained about the FES (Fuel Efficient Stoves)
5 Construction of Fuel Efficient Stoves
6 Distribibution NFI and Transitional Shelter Material
AHD Implementing the Emergency shelter & NFIs kits through ERF Funding in 750 families of Jacobabad
Emergency Shelter/NFIs Assistance for 750 flood affected families of Union Council Mubarkpur Taluka Thull District Jacobabad . Heavy rains 2012 in Sindh Province hit major part of the Upper Sindh, where most affected Districts are Jacobabad, Kashmore, Shikarpur and Sukkur. District Jacobabad is badly hit by heavy rains where 400 mm heavy rains are recorded and all 40 UCs are affected. The heavy late monsoon rain spell that began in Pakistan on 7 September 2012 caused massive flooding and inundation of land, some that have been subject to flooding for three years in a row. The 2012 floods have lead to more than 400 deaths, widespread damage and loss of homes and livelihoods, destruction of standing crops, and damage to infrastructure. Association for Humanitarian Development (AHD) implementation the Emergency Shelter/NFIs Assistance for 750 flood affected families of Union Council Mubarkpur Taluka Thull District Jacobabad .
The Following items will be distributed in Targeted Union Council of the project.
1. Plastic Sheet (4m*5m ) 2 sheet for each Family
2. Bamboo 2.5” Dia top end 20’ Length (4 Pieces for each Family
3. Rope 6mm * 30m (1Piece for Each 750 Families)
4. Blankets / Quilts (4 Single for each 750 Families)
5. Kitchen Set (1 for Each Family)
6. Floor Mat (2 For Each Family)
7. Cooking Stoves Construction The Duration of project start from 11th February and ended on 30th May 2013.
Further we at AHD looking your all support to support women and children in this area and that will need support from all of you
for more please feel free to contact us at Ph: +92-22-3860880 email: email@example.com or firstname.lastname@example.org
Jacobabad District Hit Hard by Floods 2012 and still flood vicitms waiting for support
Jacobabad shares border with Jaffarabad, Baluchistan. So it has a lot of influence from Baluchistan. Both Baluch and Sindhi communities are living together.AHD staff conducted several interviews from local residents. IDPs taking shelter alongside roads on bypass to Baluchistan were still waiting for help. They had to move from their homes and take shelter here. Still some of their family members were left behind. When asked from people have they been approached? They told still they haven’t got any assistance from GOVT or other NGOs. They are catching fish from flood water and selling their livestock and poultry to meet their daily challenges. Their animals are under serious traumas and injuries which might prove fatal and may lose them. They had poor shelter facilities. They don’t have safe drinking water for themselves as well as their animals. Surrounding areas are inundated in water so no feed is available for their livestock. When asked from……..city resident. He told that rain has snatched his only Source of income from him. He used to transport things on his horse driven cart which is now of no use due to death of his horse when wall collapsed on it. This year Jacobabad received 481 mm rainfall, highest in the last 100 years. Torrential water from hills of Baluchistan added to flood situation and caused devastating effects in this area
All 40 UCs(90% of the district) is affected by devastating flood. Due to this rural community was forced to leave their houses and take shelter alongside roads and other safe places. They moved with their families and livestock the basic asset of their livelihood. Total no of 195645 were displaced in this scenario. Local Govt provided shelter to only 531 in some school. Rest is left on their own. Most of the IDPs don’t even have some shelter facility and are living in open area. They are under serious threats if remained in such condition. They are anxiously waiting for help. Some people are still reluctant to evacuate their houses and taken shelter on rooftops. Some are being rescued by Army. UCs comprising city area is also affected from urban flash flooding. Water has inundated GOVT buildings as well as residential areas. Total house damage recorded is 85000 in no. Total population affected is 8,90,000 in no. Fatal causalities were 9 and injuries reported as 45 in no.
Problem analysis regarding food security:
Total cropped area affected by floods is 281187 acres (90%) of the total cropped area. Agriculture and livestock is the main source of communities living here. Paddy rice, Wheat and Barley are the cash crops sown here. Rice is the standing crop now in fields and totally damaged due to rain and flood. Although water is suitable for rice crop but high quantity in fields has adverse effects on crop. The water table of Jacobabad is high so no seepage of water in soil makes conditions worse for crops. So this year again crop sown is not going to benefit these people. During evacuation these people couldn’t take away any type of stored stock with them to safe places. They are having great problems now because of food insecurity and this will lead to catastrophic situation in coming time when Rabi crops are to be sown. Livestock perished the same way as many of the ruminants small or large had been drowned and what number that has been taken along are in trauma and bad health conditions. If appropriate measures will not be taken soon, this source of livelihood and food security will be lost as well.
Standing crops are inundated in water. Kharif crop rice is standing in the field and badly affected by rain. Incidence of pathogenic diseases can be clearly seen in the form of blights, rice bunt, rice blast, and stem rots. Clogging in root system of crops in fields inundated in water. This picture clearly indicates that 100% crops perished. Following is the season of Rabi crop wheat which will be difficult to sow as water is to be seen in field areas.80% of the community depending on farming and rearing animals. After the havoc created by flood its quiet difficult for them to survive.
Livestock & Domestic Animal
Livestock including large and small ruminants are key source of livelihood for people in Jacobabad. These provide them milk, meat, hides and eggs etc. Domestic animals are kept for transportation purposes when driven in carts. Weekly market is organized for sale and purchase of these animals. This provides support to owners in terms of cash. But flood conditioned has destroyed this sector as well. Total no of livestock perished is 167.Cattle headed persons perished is 1672 in no. Those who were able to take along with them their cattle and poultry are selling them on cheap prices. These prices are very low. What else these owners can do. Diseases have break out. Their animals are under serious traumas and physical worse conditions. Health condition of these animals is very poor. There is no feed present for them. These animals also don’t have safe water to drink. Vaccinations are also not provided to these animals and are on risk from suffering of contagious and other pathogenic diseases. Destocking is highly active in these areas.
Fear / views from local community ………………IDPs…….
IDPs have great concerns for them and animals in their possession. During survey and visits in these groups it was noticed that they were anxiously waiting for assistance. While living in such conditions they feel unsecure, because of many issues like socio-economic and cultural. Their women and children are unsafe in these open areas. Their animals might get robbed and dead due to outbreak of diseases. They don’t have resources to keep them survive how can they manage to keep their animals alive. Some of the female headed households are in deep shock and refused to talk. They just uttered this single world help.
Please for more info email at email@example.com or call at Ph: +92-22-3860880
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Women Program Manager