Empower Afghan girls with computer skills

 
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The teenaged girls lined up in orderly fashion, patiently waiting to receive their much-needed school kits.  Many of them came from families too poor to afford even the most basic school supplies and they were grateful as they opened their bags to find notebooks, pens, pencils and tablets.  Many of the girls were grateful to even being able to attend school, since it was not unusual for girls past puberty to remain at home, helping with household chores and waiting for a marriage proposal.

But what these and other girls in nearby schools really wanted was to be in a computer class.  They knew that if given the chance, learning computer skills would change their lives forever.  Upon their graduation, they could seek the computer related jobs that were beginning to appear in their district; jobs that were being filled by young men.  Or, they could find work in Kabul where there were even more opportunities.  Without any marketable skills they would not have much of a life.  These girls wanted to be productive and be able to help their families. Computer skills would give them that and something else; dignity.

Paghman is a district known for its beautiful setting at the foot of the Hindu Kush mountain range, its fruit trees and famous gardens.  It is also an underserved region of the country with few schools and insufficient resources to support a growing population of school-aged children.  Sadly, girls' schools tend to be less supported than schools for boys.

Two years ago, the girls politely asked their teacher if a computer class might be coming to their school in the future. Their teacher did not want to dash their hopes, but she didn't want to raise their expectations either.  She was aware that HTAC had been working hard to bring the first computer education program to several schools in the area, including theirs. "One day" she told them. "People are raising money to bring this program to our school." This past year they asked again.  She knew we were closer in securing funds for a computer class, but she was cautious in her response to her students. 

This spring, HTAC gave this teacher and her students a huge surprise.  When we brought in and began assembling the computer equipment at the school, the village buzzed with excitement. Even many parents who had been reluctant to send their daughters back to school expressed gratitude for they realized the skills their girls would learn could help their families economically.   A generator with sufficient fuel had to be brought in to power the equipment (there is no electricity in these schools), and a search for a qualified female instructor took some time. Finally, everything was ready and HTAC's education team proudly announced the very first computer education for this Paghman school was open for enrollment.  To see the looks on the faces of these deserving girls made all our work worthwhile.

  

HTAC computer education class
HTAC computer education class

Just a few years ago, hardly any of the girls at this school could have dreamed of sitting behind a computer and learning word processing skills, or how to create an Excel spread sheet.  Most certainly, some of them had resigned themselves to being pulled out of school by their parents to be matched with an Afghan boy or man for an early marriage.  In fact, in the more conservative regions of Afghanistan, the majority of girls reaching puberty don't don't even attend school despite laws created to give girls and women equal educational opportunities.

Thanks to organizations like Help the Afghan Children, the playing field for girls is gradually being leveled and computer education is creating untold opportunities that allow these deserving students to follow their dreams and accomplish amazing things.

HTAC's computer education program not only empowers Afghan girls by giving them the skills and confidence to succeed; it has also begun chaning attitudes.  In male dominated societies like Afghanistan, boys are viewed as more talented and valued.  While results can vary depending on the instruction and educational setting, girls at HTAC-sponsored schools are out-performing boys on computer testing (97.3% to 96%).  More importantly, more Afghan parents are recognizing the valuable skills their daughters are acquiring and they begin to rethink about their future.  One of the most gratifying experiences is seeing a proud mother and father recognizing their daughter's accomplishments and encouraging her to find a good job in Afghanistan's rapidly emerging informational technology marketplace, or even going on to study at the university, thus delaying early marriage and child-bearing.

When you support HTAC's computer education program, you are giving Afghan girls the necessary technical and life skills to become productive young citizens and help Afghanistan better utilize its most precious resource; its human resources.

Nagina
Nagina

Like many Afghan girls of her generation, Nagina has dreamed of a better life and that has long meant finding a school that offered computer education and one day, earning a degree in computer science so she can use her education and skills to seek a productive job and help her family.  But the reality of living with six other family members and little money ever available, there has been on-going pressure from Nagina's parents for her to leave school, find a suitable husband so the family can receive short-term financial gain from the husband's family.  Nagina has always managed to convince her mother and father that she should complete her schooling, but for years, becoming computer literate has always been out of reach.

In Afghanistan, finding a school that provides computer education can be very difficult, even though the Ministry of Education has deemed computer education a requirement for high school students.  Unfortunately, many schools simply do not have the financial resources to establish even the most basic computer laboratories, leaving far too many girls without opportunities.  In other cases, many schools who do have computers are private and the tuition costs are far out of reach for most families.  Even if they were able to afford the costs, getting to these schools can often require traveling through insecure areas; a situation few Afghan families would ever consider for their daughters.  These barriers, along with her family's economic difficulties, almost derailed Nagina's dream of completing her schooling and studying the computer.

Fortunately for Nagina, she found a school that offered computer education; one of several supported by Help the Afghan Children, which was the first organization to introduce computers into Afghan public schools, and here she has thrived.  Now in 12th grade, she has learned MS Windows, Word and Excel and before she graduates, Power point presentations.  Nagina is grateful that she (along with her other classmates), can learn lessons and complete assignments for other classes on the computer.  By teaching girls real world computer applications, HTAC is preparing graduating girls to seek and obtain jobs in Afghanistan's expanding IT marketplace.

While it's true that today, more Afghan girls do attend school, family and cultural pressures often result in too many girls never finishing their education, let along developing marketable skills.  HTAC is doing its part to give Nagina (who wants to serve her country), and several thousand girls like her every year, a chance to beat the odds.

  

girls computer class
girls computer class

For most people in the West and around the world, the only news coming out of Afghanistan these days is the hotly contested presidential run-off election, charges of voting corruption, or the latest casaulties from a suicide attack.

But this past Spring, Help the Afghan Children enrolled another 3,750 girls in our computer education classes and for these deserving girls, gaining computer literacy and a chance to lead a proud, productive life are no longer a fantasy, but a realistic, achievable goal.

It was not that long ago when it seemed the most important thing was enrolling more Afghan girls in schools, and while those numbers began to steadily increase, a serious problem arose.  The overwhelming majority of girls graduating from high school had no marketable skills and earn a decent living.  Sadly, most of these girls were forced by their parents to marry (for the short-term economic gain of the daughter's family), and from pressure from their husbands, early child-bearing.

At the same time, a second problem was emerging that affected the entire country.  When the information technology marketplace burst upon the scene, Afghan government ministries, educational institutions, organizations and companies (large and small) were forced to hire people from other countries to fill I.T. related jobs because there were so few Afghans (especially women) who had such skills.  That meant, about 50% of Afghanistan's human resources (women) were not being utilized.

Help the Afghan Children, the first organization to bring cvomputer education into Afghan public schools, is doing its part to close this gap.  With our 2014 enrollments, HTAC has trained over 43,000 girls in computer skills and applications.  Earlier this year, we coordinated a historic real-time Skype between one of our schools in Kabul and their sister school in the United States.  In our classes, girls are learning how to develop spread sheets, power point presentations, and learning to navigate the internet and research information that helps them with homework assignments and projects. 

Our aim is not just teaching rils the technical applications of computers, but to give them real world skills, opportunities to secure computer-related jobs, and a new life.

real time skypecast at Rokhshana Girls School
real time skypecast at Rokhshana Girls School

It was late morning when the girls at Rokhshana High School in Kabul Afghanistan arrived at the school's computer lab excited and anxious.  They were about to see and speak (in real time) with students at their American sister school in Wisconin via a Skypecast.

At the beginning of the school year, most of these girls had never touched a computer, let alone understood what computers could do, but they all heard incredible stories about how computers could dramatically change their lives for the better and they were eager to learn.

Because of competing curriculum needs, even those students lucky enough to enroll in a computer class typically have access to computers just one hour a week.  Despite such restrictions, the girls learned the basic skill sets (Microsoft Windows, Word, and Excel), later advancing to Power Point presentations. Because Rokhshana was (and still is) one of the few schools in Afghanistan that has internet capability, the girls then learned how to navigate the internet.

At 3 in the morning and over 7,000 miles away, a group of sleepy, but excited American students crowded around a laptop and through the marvels of technology, connected with their equally excited Afghan friends for the first time.  The American students had thought they would need a translator to communicate, but the Rokhshana girls surprised them; not only were they able to speak conversational English, they were able to chat and easily discuss the exchange project both schools had worked on and had previously exchanged electronically.  For these girls who had come so far in eight months, it was an amazing moment they would not soon forget.

Stories like these are beginning to happen when Afghan girls are given the opportunity and the tools to succeed.  At HTAC, we are proud of the fact that almost 50% of the tens of thousands of Afghan students enrolled in our computer education program over the years have been girls.  Because of their motivation, girls consistently compete equally with boys in mastering computer skills and many of them go on to secure computer-related jobs upon their graduation.

By supporting our computer education program, you are making a difference for an Afghan girl forever.

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Organization

Project Leader

Stephen Perlman

Consultant, HTAC
Fairfax, Virginia United States

Where is this project located?

Map of Empower Afghan girls with computer skills