School sanitation and hygiene education at Nyanza primary school
Responsible assigned: pacifique NDAYISHIMIYE (hygine, water and sanitation director/RVCP 2011)
Participant: hygiene, water and sanitation members, BVDA volunteers,GLOBEMED volunteers,rike
Place: Nyanza primary school (Huye sector, huye district:
5.2.1. Activity overview
Nyanza village is a small village in the Huye district of Rwanda. The population is 627 and there are 155 houses in the village. Of these, about 70% are made up of women and children only. The only water source for the village is a stream, which is situated 3km outside of the village and, as the majority of the villagers do not own any means of transport, they have to walk this daily to collect water.
This means that often families do not have enough water therefore practicing good hygiene is difficult. This leads to a prevalence of hygiene related diseases, especially intestinal diseases such as diarrhoea. The village coordinator has a family of 6, and he told us that in the past year every member of his family had suffered from diarrhoea.
Furthermore, as a large proportion of the population are female and children, whom are typically responsible for collecting water, many hours are spent collecting water, which could be devoted to more productive activities such as education or work.
Nyanza primary school which is located in Nyanza village has 594 pupils and 10 staff at the school, and potentially the 627 people in the nearby Nyanza village. The activities of hygiene and sanitation teaching sessions was targeted to students from 4th year to 6th year of Nyanza primary school where they made 12 classes because 2 classes for each year and then times 2 because some come in the morning and others in the afternoon.
The activities of hygiene teaching session in schools are done each year on one school chosen depending n the vulnerability of the school. As said before Nyanza primary school has 594 pupils and 627 people where most of them are children. The school does not have clean water which make the student to not practicing the hygiene. The teaching sessions which we covered at school are personal hygiene, hand washing with clean water and soap, respiratory hygiene and home hygiene. This was so difficult teaching sessions because the school did not have water at school where student used to walk about 6km a day to fetch water to clean their classroom and latrines but to wash their hands it was difficult to find water which marked the teaching sessions to be complicated because there was no necessary manual while educating. During the teaching sessions we used different methods where RVCP members and IPs for the time where they are there, educating them on different topics that we talked befor,distribution of posters of hygiene education related, using songs of hygiene education related and games.
The teaching session was done each Wednesday of each week means that it is once a week except the holidays. After identifying that Nyanza primary school do not have water and that this problem can be one that limit to meet hygiene standards ,we tried to collect all data and we written a funding proposal to provide clean water to the school so that students ,staff from the school will benefit from it to ameliorate the hygiene and sanitation ,but not only members of the school will benefit because Nyanza villages will also benefit from the water which the school will be obtained .the fundraising for the activities of water provision have to be started soon(December 2011).
5.2.2. Inputs: -money for transportation of volunteers to nyanza primary school for teaching session
-posters to use while teaching students
-Teaching manuals on different topics covered during teaching session.
-Transportation while collecting information and data to write proposal on water for nyanza primary school, this done in nyanza village and at nyanza primary school and online research on hygiene and sanitation.
-Increase of knowledge and skills on hygiene, water and sanitation for 12 targeted classes during the period of implementation.
-students gained the importance of washing hands at 3 criticl moments.
-Information have been collected on hygiene and sanitation situation in nyanza village and specifically in students from nyanza primary schools.
-the funding proposal was written
-in coming years there will be the reduction of low hygiene related diseases like diarrhea, dysentery.. For participants of the sessions and their family in general.
-Clean water will be provided to the nyanza primary school for hygiene improvement.
5.2.4. Challenges: -poor communication between RVCP members and IPs and lack of communication between students, teachers and IPs.
- Holidays which meet with the period of project implementation.
- Low teaching materials, not updated and few teaching materials to give to students after the teaching education sessions.
- Insufficient fund to implement directly what we seen that have to be improved and this lead to stop by there without corrected because lack of means.
- Time table of exams and courses which correlate with the time of the activity and miscommunication between RVCP members and IPs.
5.2.5. Risks:-Time of activity and exams happen at the same period.
-Lack of students because not been communicated before.
-improve the communication between RVCP members and school learders.
-increase the training of RVCP members and IPs.
-prepare teaching materials at time and discuss it to all members and IPs during internal meetings.
-Increase the number of partners to help RVCP conduct different activities that identified at the field while conducting normal activities in the program.
-conduct the evaluation of activities to assess the sustainability of the program.
Program: hygiene, water and sanitation
Activity: Hand washing education session
Assigned responsible: pacifique Ndayishimiye, hygiene water and sanitation director.
Participants: pacifique, Gloria, Darius
Date:5th october 2011
Place : Nyanza primary school
the session started by introduction for the volunteers who are going to conduct the session with students, we start with the IP darius and the others we continue telling them who we are, where we are coming from, what we are coming to do and what we normally do in our daily life and we find that we are all students as them which will help us to share more on hand washing.
The topic of the day was HAND WASHING, this is chosen because we are approaching the hand washing day of 15th October of each year the title for us is WASH HAND WITH SOAP SAVE LIVES. The research shows that Diarrhea and pneumonia kill 4 million of children under 5 years old each year. Children from the poorest 20% household are more than 10 times as likely to die as children from the richest 20%of households. Hands are the principal carriers of diseases-causing germs basing on scientific research and intensively monitored trials at both households and schools level it is estimated that handwashing could avert 1 million of those deaths. This is why we are focusing on the hand washing for children which the aim is to promote hand washing practices this is the single cost effective health intervention for children helping with their parents. In the session we discussed with the children 3 main period where it is very important to wash our hands but not with water only but using a soap which help us to remove all germs that can cause diarrhea diseases and all diseases which relate to low hygiene related diseases. Those 3 period are 1.after using the latrine 2.befor eating 3.after cleaning a children. In the session we focused also on the educating them the importance of hand washing and the consequences of not cleaning our hands and we focused on the diseases which caused by low hygiene practices which affect more the children and their mothers.
i attached also the pictureswhile children are discussing on the hand washing practices.
Output:-children identified 3 periods where it is very important to wash our hands.
-Each student identified a disease which cause the diarrhea and other low hygiene related diseases
-posters distribution for the hand washing awareness raising for student and teachers while educating children
Challenge:-a low number of posters to give to students so that they can go with them at their home to tell their siblings about what they learned.
Students were being educated on water,handwashing and personnel hygiene ,this is done because as published and researched by WHO ,children are considered as agents of change who can modify the minds of their parents ,their brothers and sisters and also the colleague who do not gain a chance of studying the hygiene and sanitation. Children are being educated by different methods like posters presentations, group discussions, games and songs which help them to take care what they learn. Children are well taught as said by their headmistress in an interview with one of the International participants who has an expertise in hygiene and sanitation but she added that if nothing is done to provide clean water to schools so that children,teachers wash their hands after coming in toilets and also the school keepers who cook the food for some students ,this will continue to increase the prevalence of diarrhea and respiratory diseases which kill about 2 million of children under five years each year.
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