A six-strong field team (four IPs, two RVCP counterparts) conducted research, in the form of questionnaires, to ascertain the level of hygiene and sanitation practiced in Mpungwe village (Huye District) and Mbazi Primary School in order to evaluate the organisation’s hygiene program as it stands today.
Research was carried out in Mpungwe village throughout July and August 2013, and a visit was paid to Mbazi primary school, which is currently receiving teaching sessions on appropriate personal and domestic hygiene and sanitation practices. The research into hygiene and sanitation of Mpungwe village and Mbazi Primary School was conducted with the principal objective of monitoring and evaluating RVCP’s project.
The responses from fifty nine individual households and 34 students yielded interesting, though complex, results. The findings showed that the majority (over 57%) of Mpungwe residents possessed moderate-to-very good levels of hygiene – as defined by the International participants (surveyors).
Findings in Mbazi primary school are on the whole extremely positive. It was revealed that 94.12% of respondents bathe or shower every day, and all respondents use soap when showering. Over 90% of respondents clean their teeth at least once a day and all but one student use a toothbrush and toothpaste. Respondents were asked to state ways of protecting the area surrounding a water source from contamination, in an attempt to clarify the question and avoid the difficulties we encountered with this question in Mpungwe. This clarification proved to be successful, as 97.06% of respondents suggested a correct way of protecting a water source. Answers included ‘keeping livestock away,’ ‘removing rubbish and bushes,’ ‘stopping children playing or individuals urinating in the source’ and ‘washing clothes away from the source’ amongst others.
With our results taken into consideration we can also conclude that RVCP’s teaching sessions have gone a long way toward improving the hygiene habits of Mpungwe’s residents and students at Mbazi primary school. Our research shows that more people practice satisfactory hygiene compared to those that do not, while also showing that many of those who display poor hygiene skills are constrained by financial considerations rather than failings in RVCP’s efforts to educate.
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Date:26th june 2013
place:Mbazi primary school
attendance:90 primary school students
volunteers:Eric and pacifique
aim of the session:enforcing the culture of importance of latrines/toilets
summary of the session: The session was fun ever in all sessions i ever seen.we was decided today to educate students in a club of hygiene and we tried to combine 4 classes(2 6th years,5th year and 4th year).we were outside of the classes taking a fresh air.in front of pupils at a share the teacher in charge of hygiene started introducing what we are going to do and we introduced ourselves since that it was the first time to meet with 6th and 5th years pupils.we decided to talk on toilets because it was a session which 5th year students were going to learn today. we told them that we are going to learn hygiene within our hygiene club and we distributed pictures in 6 groups. we requested them to go in their groups and find us what they are seeing on photos. after 10 minutes of discussions and facilitating them on discovering what they will be saying;a good time that we were waiting come;students started to do the exposition of their pictures which were ranging between 4-6 in each groups.students presented what they were seeing on pictures which was on latrines with all standards,people who defecate at places outside of latrines,latrines which were not closed,lacking some materials and other latrines which were too bad for hygiene promotion....
each group were taking 10min to present their pictures to the public and comments.after each presentation,we assigned each group to go and prepare for us a work demonstrating what they learned.groups work were ranging from songs,dance,poems,comedies.pupils demonstrated how amazing they are;it took only 20 minutes per group to prepare their work and they come back for the presentation. 5 teachers,headmaster,2 RVCP volunteers and 1 teacher in charge of hygiene club were waiting to watch what students prepared. the first time ever in my hygiene activities and teaching sessions since 2010 come. students demonstrated that they have to putting together their efforts and talents to produce what all participants seen as creativity among primary school students. each group were taking at least 10 min to present their work. we conclude the session at 5:30 and teachers were impressed with the capacity of students of demonstrating that they understood what they were learning in few times passed.we decided to host similar session next wednesday for the other students who will be there in the club because there is a part of students who studied in morning hours who will be coming in afternoon hours next wednesday.stay turned for the video next time while we will be back at school.
good points:the method of enabling students participating themselves by facilitating them to discover was very successful
Challenge: we did not recorded any video or photo because of lacking a camera
The hygiene education at primary schools have now moved to Mbazi primary school during the new year 2013 as a new target.the education sessions will be targeting a school of 665 students from 1st to 6th year of primary school.the sessions have been started where they closed the first trimester with having introductiotory part on the sessions that they will receive.
now two weeks pass after their holidays of 3 weeks and the sessions have continued in classes where active participation is the first method which is used during the education sessions ,tomorrow 8th april 2013 ,it will be the 3rd session after the holidays of april.
we conduct hygiene and sanitation because "progress in sanitation and improved hygiene are critical to health, survival, and development,it is necessary to practice hygiene"
hygiene, water and sanitation project has developed due to people in Rwandan villages suffering unnecessarily from cholera, dysentery, diarrhoea and other water born diseases. These diseases spread because of unhygienic practises i.e. unclean drinking water and the use of unsanitary toilet facilities. RVCP has been running this project since 2005 and has provided two Ventilated Improved Pit (VIP) Latrines for four vulnerable families each year. To date, 26 of the 125 households in the target village of Mpungwe have access to a VIP latrine and the local primary school has also benefitted from an ECOSAN latrine. Additionally, RVCP also Raise awareness about hygiene and sanitation through school education sessions,and conduct house to house teaching sessions compliment the provision of latrines.
I attached the RWANDA VILLAGE CONCEPT PROJECT NEWS LETTER about how was its activities up to April 2013.
It was amazing to work with children and staff at Matyazo primary school for the whole 2012 hygiene and sanitation education sessions. Children and their teachers appreciated the work and commitment of hygiene, water and sanitation members during their sessions.”Children learned washing hands and its importance for maintaining their body health “headmistress added.
Children in different years of study were requesting us to continue updating them on different skills and knowledge related to hygiene and sanitation to prevent diseases, they want also we may be back for this 2013 academic year and we promised them to do all our best to be around for all the updates and information. This is all promised during evaluation sessions during the month of January 2013 while students were starting their new 2013 academic year which they will end in October 2013.
Hygiene, water and sanitation members learned more about what to improve while we will be targeting the new primary school. Children were happy to see us again while they were starting the academic year and they were following with much curiosity. Hygiene education sessions for 2013 year will be starting this Wednesday 6th February 2013 ,as the evaluation sessions were ended with January 2013.
AMAZI NI ISOKO Y’UBUZIMA
Amazi ni isoko y’ubuzima is a Kinyarwanda sentence “mother tongue of Rwandans” which mean “water is the source of life”.This is a sentence that is well recognized by many Rwandans during different education sessionsand campaigns related to Hygiene, water and sanitation practices and their importance on our daily life.
The sentence is also retained by MATYAZO primary school students at the completion of their hygiene and sanitation education sessions during the academic year of 2012 where the activities of Hygiene, water andsanitation program of Rwanda village concept project were working as a target group for its project of Hygiene and sanitation education among primary school students.
During the academic year of 2012, Volunteers from RVCP at MATYAZO primary school which have around 1,000 students, covered different topics on hygiene practices promotion. Among these topics we have hand washingpractices promotion among primary schools students, body hygiene, home materials hygiene (dishes,jerican,..),school materials and class hygiene, latrines cleaning, water management and respiratory hygiene practices. Students also learned how to share information and skills gained among their familymembers and other children from their villages in order to become ambassadors of hygiene, water and sanitation promotion practices.
Different methods were used to educate students on those different topics. Printed materials to provide children information on hygiene and sanitation, posters, flayers, songs and group discussions on topics covered.Nowadays students are in their final exams to end their academic year and activities at the target group are now closing and they will start the academic year in January 2013 where the project will start the new primary school as a target group.
All things have not gone well during the activities implementation in this academic year. Normally the academic year of all students from Rwanda started in January of each year and end in starting November but now it changed for universities and colleges where they ended the last academic year in July 2012 and start the new 2012-2013 academic year in September 2012 which disturbed the way activities conducted as volunteers from RVCP whoimplement hygiene, water and sanitation activities are national and international university students. To resolve the challenges the organization is preparing how the implementation of different sessions and topics to becovered in different classes at the next new target will be marched with the academic year of volunteers and the target primary school students.
“Clean hands with soaps save live”
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