Pathfinder International

Pathfinder's mission is to ensure that people everywhere have the right and opportunity to live a healthy sexual and reproductive life. We believe that reproductive health is essential for creating better opportunities throughout life. When people take charge of choices about when and how often to have children, they not only have the opportunity to lead healthier lives, but they also gain confidence and can better pursue their education, contribute to the local economy, and engage in their communities.
Sep 12, 2011

Update on IGA Beneficiaries


Over the life of this project, About 109,370.00 birr seed money has been distributed for a total of 58 IGA beneficiary women.


Please see attached word document for full report and details on new beneficiaries.


New beneficiaries assisted during the reporting period:

1.      Woinshet Addis                

2.      Kassech tadesse

3.      Bizuayehu Tilahun

4.      Tsehay Deboch

5.      Tseah Hailu

6.      Meaza Mengistu

7.      Tsige Hilawi


The new selected IGA beneficiaries are linked to their respective district administration microfinance office. Through this connection, they get legal status for their business in order to access:

·        Training and loan services

·        Secured workplace and other relevant support like market assessment services, which is crucial for the sustainability of their business.





1.                 Buzayehu Tilahun is living in Addis Ababa, kolfe sub city, woreda 9. She is a widow and living with her 3 children. Buzayehu is able to send only 2 of her children to school and one of her children dropped out to help in the household. Buzayehu used to prepare and sell Enjera, but because of financial problems she stopped her business. Hence, the sub-city women’s association identified her problem, and nominated her to get the GlobalGiving grant to run her former business again. Buzayehu is very pleased to restart and run her business again; she is very grateful for the GlobalGiving generosity, she said “now I can work and will properly feed my children and send them all to school.” 


2.                Kasech Tadesse is living in Addis Ababa, kolfe sub city woreda 8. She has 4 children, 3 of whom are male. Her husband tries to send 3 of their children to school, but his salary is very low. Kasech tries to support her family through small business, preparing and selling homemade food items, but stopped due to a shortage of finances and family problems. Thus, the sub city women officials recommended her for the GlobalGiving fund, and she has started working her previous income generating activity again.



3.                 Woinshet Aragaw is living at Kolfe sub-city, woreda 1. She has 5 female children, 3 of whom are attending school and the rest of whom are left at home because she is unable to afford schooling for all 5 children. Woinshet is a widow and is working as a house maid to support her family. Woinshet had a small business, selling vegetables and fruits, but stopped due to lack of finances. As a result, the sub- city women association executive committee chose her to be a recipient of the GlobalGiving income generating activity grant.


4.                Tsehay Deboch lives in Gulele sub-city, woreda 8. Her husband is pensioned and they have 5 female and 3 male children. Because of their economic problem they send only four of their children to school. Tsehay used to sell food and tea, but as a result of financial struggles, she is unable to run her business. Her family faced problem to the extent that they have no daily meal properly. As a result of this, the sub city women’s association selected her to receive the Global Giving seed grant. She is very happy and promised to continue her former business effectively and be able to support her whole family and send all of her children to school.


5.                Tsehay Hailu is living at Gulele sub-city, Woreda 7. She is a widow and has 6 children 2 of whom are attending school. She cannot afford the school fees and materials for the other 4 children.  Thus, she is given the GlobalGiving seed grant to be able to support herself and her family. After getting the GlobalGiving fund support, Tsehay is effectively working on food preparation organized with her 3 friends who are engaged in the same small income generating business.


6.                Meaza Birhane lives in Gulele sub-city. Her husband is pensioned and does not have a job. They have 9 children, 3 of whom are attending school and the rest could not go to school because they cannot afford to send them all. As a result of this, the sub city women’s association selected her to get the GlobalGiving grant as seed money to enable her to run small income generating activities, and be able to support herself and her family. After receiving the grant support, Meaza is organized in a group with her friends and engaged in preparing food and tea.


7.                Tisige Hilawe lives at Gulele, woreda 8, she is a widow and living with her child. She makes a small amount of money by making embroidery and selling food items, but the income she receives from this business in not enough for her living, moreover she faced financial problem and was challenged to continue her business. Therefore, the sub city women’s association realized her problem and selected her to get the Global Giving grant. After receiving the seed money, Tisige became a member of an organized group that is engaged in similar small scale income generating activities preparing food and tea and sells these items to the surrounding community and needy people.

Sep 11, 2011

Update on Scholarship Girls

 GLOBAL GIVING Girls’ Scholarship PROJECT Update


Poverty and traditional values put many girls in Ethiopia less likely to access school, to remain in school and/or to achieve success in their education. Consequently, girls who lack educational opportunities are more vulnerable to poverty, HIV/AIDS, gender-based violence, harmful traditional practices such as early marriage and different forms of reproductive health problems. Therefore, creating educational opportunity is one of the approaches for improving girls and women reproductive health and to empower them to control their own lives. Educating girls and women is an important step in overcoming poverty, the mere fact is that, if they are educated then they will not depend on others and thereby they develop their self esteem and increase their self confidence, in turn having a positive effect on their children.

Thus, comprehending the importance of girls education and women’s economic empowerment, Pathfinder International through funding from Global Giving, providing scholarship opportunity for girls from resource poor families, girls who have good academic performance and want to continue their education and also who have interest to serve as role model and peer educator for the other female students in their school and community. This is all made possible through funds from Global Giving.

The Global Giving girl’s scholarship project is implemented by the Addis Ababa Women’s Association. The selection committee for Scholarship beneficiaries’ is organized by Addis Ababa Women’s Association and the committee are comprised of Addis Women’s Association and school directors and teachers. As it was done before, based on the preset selection criteria 12 girls were newly recruited during the reporting time and were provided with the scholarship grant.

Therefore, the total number of Global Giving scholarship beneficiaries is 63, of which one student has withdrawn. The total amount of money for the scholarships to date is about 265,221.00 birr.

Please see attached, full report for details on new beneficiaries and photos.

Newly recruited scholarship beneficiary girls profile

1.        Rahel Dires:

Rahel is 13 years old, attending grade 5 at Biruh Terfa elementary School. Her mother was a victim of early marriage at age 10 and gave birth at the ages 14 and 16.

As a result of this, she became a victim of fistula and her husband divorced her due to the problem. As she had no place to go or live, she started living at the church yard living inside the thorn plastic house with her 2 female babies, Rahel and her sister. Rahel’s mother started begging on the street to feed her children and tried to send them to school. Both children are now attending school.

Unfortunately, Rahel was raped on her way back from school and apart from her physical injury she suffered from significant psychological trauma. After the incident, her teachers counseled her and she received immediate medical treatment and tested for HIV. To her luck she was found free of HIV infection. As a result of the Global Giving funds, Rahel is currently attending school with great aspiration and contentment. Her mother fistula was treated but she is still having some reproductive health problems; she is also receiving support from the Global Giving fund and is engaged in the income generating activities. As they said, they are both very grateful for Global Giving and Pathfinder International for giving them a chance to live a better life. 

2. Nigist Mesfin:

She was born in Lasta Awraja of Amhara region. She has 3 brothers and 5 sisters, their father divorced their mother at an early age, and their mother was not in a position to support the family. As a result of this, Nigist came to Addis Ababa to live with her aunt, but life was not as easy as she had expected. Nigist was forced by her aunt to work as a house maid taking responsibility for all household chores. She was also psychologically harassed; it was very difficult for her to attend school properly 

Nigist’s school officials realized the problem she was facing and selected her to receive Global Giving scholarship support. At present, Nigist is 15 years old, attending 8th grade at the Kebena elementary school. She has great vision to become a better person and live a better life.

3.            Netsanet Begashaw

Netsanet lives in Arada sub city, Woreda 7. She was born in Minjar district Amhara region.  Her father is a farmer and her mother a house-maid.  She has 2 brothers and 3 sisters of which she is the youngest. She came to Addis Ababa at the age of 7 and started living with her aunt.  Unfortunately, her aunt died and Netsanet was left without support and was thus forced to stop going to school. Realizing her problem, she was selected to receive a Global Giving scholarship. At present, Netsanet is 15 years old, attending 8th grade at the Kebena elementary school, she is very grateful for the support of Global Giving.

4.      Mariamawit Addis

Mariamawit is 12 years old, a 6th grade student at the Agazian Elementary School. Her father died at an early age, and thus Mariamawit is living with her grandfather and mother. Her grandfather is very old, working as a guard with very low salary that he could not even afford to pay her school fees.

As a result, she is a recipient of the Global Giving scholarship and is attending school with new sprit and enthusiasm.

5.      Serawit  Mesfin

Serawit Mesfin was born in Harar, she has 3 brothers and one sister. Her father is a farmer and her mother is a house maid. Her family income is very small a kind of “hand to mouth.”  Thus, she came to Addis to live with her aunt expecting to get proper educational opportunity; however, her aunt forced her to serve as a house maid during her spare time. Serawit, as a result of the work load that she holds at home, found it difficult to continue her education properly, and she considered dropping out of school.  After receiving the Global Giving scholarship support, she has been able to attend school with new sprit. She is now 16 years old and attending in 7th grade.

6.      Hana Tadele   

Hana is an 11th grade student, her father is deceased and her mother is HIV positive. Her family leads a very wretched life; they have no income or support leaving it challenging for Hana to continue her education.  As a result of this, she was selected as a recipient of the Global Giving scholarship grant. After receiving the scholarship she was able to buy school materials and to continue her education properly.

7.            Wolansa Negusie

Wolansa Nugusie was born in Aleltu Oromia region.  She is an orphan and her aunt brought her to Addis Ababa to support her but her husband was abusive and unwilling to support Wolansa’s education. Because of this, Wolansa had difficulty continuing her education. She is now provided with a GlobalGiving scholarship opportunity.  Wolansa is now 16 years old and is attending 8th grade. She is very happy and grateful for the GlobalGiving support, and she said that “hasn’t be this support I would have stop my education and could live without any future hope, but now thanks to the Global Giving support I am very happy and I have great vision to be a good productive citizen”. 

8.                Hirut Fekade

Hirut is 16 years old, a student in 7th grade. She was born in Lalibela, Amhara region. Her father and brother are farmers and her mother is a house maid. She came to Addis looking for education and was hired as a house servant, but after 3 months her employees fired her because of her eye sight problem.

She was determined to continue her education and rented a very small living room for Birr 30 per month, and started selling lottery on the street during her spare time to support herself. However life was challenging and she had difficulty continuing her education. Her teachers recommended that she receive the GlobalGiving scholarship support as a result of her struggles yet strong academic performance. After getting this GlobalGiving support she has been able to further pursue her education.

9.                Getie Demrew

Getie is 18 years old, a student of 8th grade. She was born in Shenkora, Amhara region. Her mother is widowed and working as a house maid for very little money. She has 2 brothers and 1 sister. Her mother insisted Getie marry at a young age, but Getie refused and ran away to Addis Ababa.

She found her uncle in Addis Ababa and stayed with him for 3 years. Unfortunately, her uncle passed away and his wife insisted Getie work for her as a babysitter for her children. Gete refused and went to her neighbors whom they gave her a shelter to live. Getie started washing clothes and cooking Enjera (local bread) by roaming from house to house to support herself. However, it was difficult for her to continuing her education full heartedly. Seeing her hard work and determination, she was nominated to become a recipient of the GlobalGiving scholarship project. She has now been able to attend her education properly and her work load is minimized ensuring sufficient time to study.

10.             Tigist mekonen

Tigist was born in Addis Ababa, Yeka sub city. She is 14 years old and in the 6th grade. She is an orphan and living with her sister who is a house maid. She has 2 brothers, both of whom have dropped out of school due to poverty. Thus, Tigist is offered with the GlobalGiving scholarship opportunity, and able to continue her education.

11.             Marta Tamrat

Marta is 17 years old Living in Addis Ababa, Arada sub-city, Woreda 6 and is in the 9th grade. Her father died during her childhood, she has a twin sister and 2 other sisters. Marta’s mother is supporting her family by washing clothes and baking Enjera for other people. She is also engaged in selling vegetables and fruits as a small scale business. The money her mother receives is not enough to fulfill all the necessary educational materials for her children and to properly feed them. Marta helps her mother during her spare time especially by selling vegetables and fruits.

Marta expressed her great gratitude to GlobalGiving and Pathfinder International for granting her the scholarship support saying, “from now onward, I will give very great attention to my education and I will join university at the facility of business administration” and she also wants to be a journalist. She is happily attending her education.

12.             Zewdnesh Dubre

Zewdnesh is 15 years old; she came from Sendafa. She is an orphan and was living with her aunt, who insisted that she marry early, but Zewdnesh refused the marriage and ran away from home and to Addis Ababa. She was hired as a house maid for about 4 years and continued her education at the evening school with good performance; she scored 1st in her class.

Realizing her hard work and ambition to her education, her neighbors provided Zewdnesh with shelter. To feed herself, she started working during her spare time and after school hours. But one day, the house owner tried to rape her; luckily she escaped by telling him that she was HIV positive. He then informed her that he could no longer support her. Thus, her teachers communicated with the Addis Ababa Women’s Association and asked that she receive GlobalGiving scholarship support. She is now a scholarship beneficiary and currently attending the 6th grade.

Jun 15, 2011

Continued educational success!






A number of international conventions, including the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the Program of Action of the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development, have emphasized the importance of education. The Fourth World Conference on Women, held in Beijing in 1995, recognized that female literacy is essential to empowering women to participate in decision making in society and to improving the well-being of families. In addition, the United Nations has articulated the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), which include goals for improved education, gender equality, and women's empowerment. The MDGs emphasize the essential role of education in building democratic societies and creating a foundation for sustained economic growth.

Education contributes directly to the growth of national income by improving the productive capacities of the labor force. Offering basic education to girls is a proven way of increasing their power and confidence and enabling them to make choices over the lives they lead.  

Educated women have the chance to live more healthy and successful lives. There are also important benefits for society as a whole. An educated woman has the skills, information, and self-confidence that she needs to be a better parent, worker, and citizen. An educated woman is likely to marry at a later age and have fewer children. Research shows that an additional year of schooling for girls reduces fertility rates and that the children of educated mothers are more likely to survive. In addition, the benefits of education on women's empowerment and gender equality are broadly recognized.

Although Ethiopia's education and training policy stresses the need to sensitize society about the importance of female education, it still has a long way to go in making this a reality. In Ethiopia, many families struggle economically, thus most female students leave school to stay home to assume household chores or to work at the family business. Poverty and a lack of female education have always been acute in Ethiopia. Some key factors contributing to these problems are: gender-based discrimination; educating males over females; early and forced marriage of females; and young peoples’ limited knowledge of life skills, family planning (FP) and reproductive health (RH).

In Ethiopia, the enrollment of female students at the elementary level is more than 55%. For the reasons mentioned above, this number decreases sharply in secondary, undergraduate, and graduate schools. As such, Pathfinder, in partnership with Addis Ababa Women’s Association, is providing scholarship support for economically vulnerable but academically strong girls in order to increase the retention of female students at a higher level of education. In the last three months, with support from Global Giving funds, Pathfinder has been able to enroll seven new students in school.

Since 2008, the generous contributions from Global Giving donors have enabled Pathfinder to support 58 scholarship students.


Scholarship beneficiaries are selected from the school’s Gender club in collaboration with school management. The Addis Ababa Women’s Association closely monitors the girls’ lifestyle, progress in school, and provides the students with services to help them thrive. Most scholarship beneficiaries are orphans living with foster families. To ensure the well-being and capacity of the girls to succeed in school, the Association approaches and consults the foster families, and also reaches out to the beneficiary to discuss any problems she may be facing at home. In the school setting, the grades and performance of the scholarship recipients are monitored closely through exams and reports. Additionally, beneficiaries are offered life skills and trainings on issues of gender, gender-based violence, and sexual and reproductive health. To enhance leadership skills and self-confidence, the beneficiaries are given leadership positions in the school gender clubs. As result, the beneficiaries have demonstrated a strong work ethic in school and have the goal of becoming professional women.


(see attachment for pictures)

Azmera Abebe was born in the Worota district, Ethiopia. She is from a very poor family and at the age of 7, was forced to sell lemons to support her family. While Azmera was working at a bus station, she met a woman in need of a babysitter in Addis Ababa. Azmera agreed to work for her and soon went to the city, where she served as a baby sitter and house maid to this woman and her family. She went to school in the evenings through 8th grade, at which point she transferred to day school. The responsibilities of taking care of a child, household chores, and attending classes jeopardized her performance in school. Azmera said that “it was very difficult for me to continue my education in such situation, I had no enough time to study and unable to catch good performance in my education.” Despite these challenges, she successfully completed 9th grade and was recognized as a strong candidate for the Global Giving scholarship program. She is now attending grade 10 through Global Giving funds, and “thanks to the Global Giving Scholarship support now I am very much happy and able to continue my education without fear; I am able to properly cover my educational expenses; I have enough time to read and to improve my educational performance for the future; I have a vision to work hard and be a better person.”

Meskerem Zeleke is a 12th grade student at Menelik School. She is from a very poor family and both her sister and father are severely disabled as a result of a car accident. Meskerem began taking care of both her sister and father, while also maintaining the burden of house chores. She eventually decided to stop attending school and find work to support her family. After learning about the Global Giving scholarship program, she asked for support, and was awarded the opportunity. Meskerem states, “Now I am relieved and able to attend my education without any financial difficulties, from the financial support I get from the Global Giving scholarship I am able to cover all my educational expenses and paying for my school uniform and with the remaining money I am able to buy some food stuff for my family. For this I am very much grateful to the Global Giving fund.” Currently, she is attending school with great hope and aspiration to enroll in the University.

Marshet Mekonen is a 10th grade student at K.D. Selam School. She has 2 sisters and one brother, and her father is deceased. Marshet is responsible for supporting her family, and therefore engaged in selling lottery tickets, roaming from place to place until late in the evening. Her lifestyle made her a good candidate for the Global Giving Scholarship and also supplemental  training on issues of reproductive health, harmful traditional practices, HIV, and gender-based violence. She is currently attending school with great interest and very strong academic performance.  She confidently expresses her hopes by saying that, “I would work hard to get better than this and would join University and study public administration and international relation and want to be the future prime minister of Ethiopia. Above all I am very much grateful for the Global Giving support, without their support I wouldn’t be able to continue my education and reach to this level.

Meaza Sema is an 11th grade student at the Menelik School. She is 17 years old with 3 sisters, an unemployed mother, and a deceased father. Meaza had difficulty continuing her education as her mother was unable to support the family and provide the necessary educational materials.  As a result, Meaza is a recipient of a Global Giving scholarship. Since receipt of this scholarship opportunity, Meaza has achieved excellent academic performance, is very clever, and has excellent conduct. She is ambitious and determined to join a university in the near future.

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