Pathfinder International

Pathfinder's mission is to ensure that people everywhere have the right and opportunity to live a healthy sexual and reproductive life. We believe that reproductive health is essential for creating better opportunities throughout life. When people take charge of choices about when and how often to have children, they not only have the opportunity to lead healthier lives, but they also gain confidence and can better pursue their education, contribute to the local economy, and engage in their communities.
Jun 28, 2012

Women Join Together to Start a Business


 April – June  2012

During the reporting period, five new IGA beneficiaries were selected from Arada Sub-city, Woreda 3. They organized themselves as one group to work together to raise and sell poultry. These newly-selected beneficiaries were provided with 2000 ETB seed money and a three-day training on credit, saving, and poultry production by the Arada micro finance enterprise. In order to facilitate their work and ensure the sustainability of their business, they got legal status and were linked to the micro-finance office at their district administration so that they can access the training and loan services, secure a safe working place, as well as use other relevant supports like market assessment.

The total number of IGA beneficiaries is now 82 and a total of 167,705.00 ETB has been distributed so far. 



Enhancing gender equality and enabling women to exercise their human rights and make decisions addressing the issue of economic dependence is of no controversy. Economic empowerment addresses not only the economic needs of women, but it is also a very important tool that helps women gain social and political empowerment. For a woman economically dependent on a man, telling her now and then about negotiation of safe sex would be meaningless without supporting her on gaining self-employment and developing the capacity to negotiate for safe sex with her partner. It is also true that making decisions at home the level and enabling women to exercise their human and reproductive rights requires them to be economically empowered.

Beyond this, self-employment/economic empowerment of women has a number of outcomes:

  • Improves their negotiation skills
  • Creates access to information through contact with various people
  • Experience sharing
  • Develops their self-esteem
  • Improves their social value
  • Grows decision-making capacity
  • Enables participation in public affairs

As previously reported, several of the women funded through GlobalGiving have started their own businesses. We want to showcase 13 GG IGA beneficiaries, seven from Arada and the rest from Gulele, who have started running their own businesses. Both of these beneficiary groups from Arada and Gulele have been provided with a work location or shop by the local women’s association. To ensure the implementation of the activities as per the project plan, we followed up and monitored all the activities of each of the two organized groups as follows:


After getting the skills training on business management, they bought one electric oven and stove, two big plastic barrels, a kettle, different drinking cups, glass and all the required equipment. They have started baking and selling 80 enjeras (local bread) per day. They also prepare and sell different kinds of local drinks such as Tella, Shameta, and tea to the surrounding community. They charge birr 2.75 for each enjera, birr 1.00 for each cup of tea and piece of bread, and Birr 3 for each Shameta. In order to attract and gain more clients, they have chosen good prices as compared with the other surrounding enterprises. All of them work in the morning and afternoon shifts and record their daily expenses and income as they learned during the training workshop.

 During the three-day training much emphasis was given on:

  • How to choose the appropriate poultry rearing place
  • How to choose the best hens for eggs and meat
  • How to keep their cages neat and clean
  • How to follow their health and  give medication
  • How to feed them and when
  • What kind of cage should be used depending on  the  number of hens
  • Type of shade and ventilation required
  • Day-to-day activities and the like
  • How to save money

Even though it is almost two months since they started their business, they are all pleased and have great enthusiasm for running their shop and sharing all their responsibilities equally.

See attached report for photos taken while the women were working.


The Gulele beneficiaries have given a name to their organization: “Dagim-Birhan,” meaning renaissance. This is to emphasize that they and their families, with the new self-help empowerment provided, would gradually achieve good financial status. They additionally identified themselves as an example that women should not remain dependent on her husband, but must be independent and self-reliant.

They are preparing and selling home products such as spiced pepper, shiro, dabo-kollo, besso, (local food items) and all kinds of varied products. They also sell flowers, sugar, ceramics products and the like. Fortunately their shop is situated on the main road, attracting numerous individuals to be clients. This helped them to perform their duties very well and be profitable, and their life is changing in a good way.

Both the Arada and Gulele sub-city beneficiaries expressed and extended their delightful and warm happiness and gratitude to Global Giving, and they have the confidence and the courage to show great returns in the near future. 


Profiles of New Beneficiaries

Kidist Negash lives in Arada sub-city, Woreda 3. She is divorced and lives with her three children. Because of financial problems she is unable to properly support her children’s schooling. Thus, among the two children who used to attend school, only one is able to continue his education and the other one has been forced to drop out of school. Because of her poor living condition, Kidist was chosen to receive this GG IGA financial support. 

Habiba Mohammed is also from the Arada sub-city and woreda. She is a housewife and does not have a job. Her husband is working as a daily worker for a small earning. They have two children (female and male) attending school. Their life was very difficult, as their income was not enabling them to properly feed and support their family. Therefore, Habiba applied to the Global Giving IGA fund to start her own small business to help her family. She was chosen to receive the funds and is organized in the poultry production business with other IGA beneficiaries.

Buzuwork Girma is living in the Arada sub-city and woreda. She completed grade 8, she is married and has two children. Her husband is an employee at a wood work production earning very little money. Buzuwork did not have a job, so she applied and was nominated to get the IGA fund and is organized in the poultry production team.

Yenenesh Wudneh is also from the Arada sub-city and woreda. She dropped out from 8th grade and stays at home without having any job. Thus she applied to the GG IGA fund to engage herself in small business and become self-reliant. She was selected and is organized in the poultry production group.

Taddelech Demisie lives in the Arada sub-city and woreda. Her husband has died and she is supporting her six children alone. Four of her children completed grade 12 but are unemployed. Supporting her large family became difficult for Taddelech as she strived to engage in small business.  Thus, she was nominated to get GG IGA funds and now works in poultry production.

Finally, all of the beneficiaries expressed their appreciation and heart-felt gratitude to Global Giving for the seed money they were provided.

Mar 28, 2012

Women's Income Generating Activities


January – March 2012



Six very poor and needy women from Gulele sub-city, Woreda 5 and five from Arada sub-city, Woreda 7 are separately preparing and selling different food items (traditionally called Baltina) in shops in their woredas.  Although, each woman desired to be in business, financial problems prohibited them from starting. Their need and demand was identified by local leaders and each woman was recommended for the Global Giving income generating fund.

Along with providing them Global Giving income generating activity (IGA) seed money, they all received  skill training for three days on business management, recording daily income and outcome, market surveying, and handling customers. They were also provided with awareness creation training on sexual and reproductive health, reproductive rights, family planning, HIV and AIDS, and harmful traditional practices.

They have all started running their businesses properly. They are registered and were given certificates by their respective woreda microfinance enterprises. The newly selected IGA beneficiaries are linked with their respective district administration microfinance office to attain legal status and access ongoing training and loan service. The microfinance office also helps the women secure a work place and provides other relevant supports like market assessments. All of these services help them to build a sustainable business.

The total number of Global Giving IGA beneficiaries through March 2012 is 77.

New IGA beneficiaries profile

Tigist Bekele is living in Gulele sub-city, woreda 5. Her husband is a day-laborer and they have three children, two of them are female and the other one is male. All of the children are attending school. Tigist is a house wife with no paying work. Life was very difficult for them and with the very limited income they were unable to properly feed and support their family. Therefore, the Gulela sub-city women’s association’s executive body realized their problem and recommended Tigist to get Global Giving IGA support.

Zinash Bulto also lives in Gulele sub-city, woreda 5. She is working as a house maid. Her husband died, leaving her with five children. It is difficult for Zinash to properly feed and support her family alone. She had difficulty sending all of her children to school and fulfilling their necessary school materials and clothing.  Though Zinash has many skills and a great desire to make different traditional food (baltina) to sell, a lack of money prevented her from starting this small business. Eventually, she applied for IGA support.  The Gulela sub- city women’s association’s recommended IGA support and provided her with the seed money to start her desired small business by organizing with other Global Giving IGA beneficiaries.

Lisanwork Ytaye also lives in Gulele sub-city, woreda 5. She lives with her husband and her five children. They have very limited income, which is not enough to properly feed and support their large family.  Lisanwork had a desire to be engaged in a small business (selling baltina) to change her family’s living condition.  Thus, she applied to the sub-city women’s association to be provided with Global Giving IGA support, and she was given seed money to start her desired business

 Emebet Mamo lives in Gulele sub-city, woreda 5. She is a housewife. Her husband died, leaving her with six children and without support. Emebet has skills in preparing traditional food. She tried to engage in selling food items at a smaller level to support her large family. However, though she worked hard, the income she earns from this business was not enough to properly feed her family. The woreda women’s association, clearly understanding her problem, provided her with seed money to expand her business. Then Emebet started working on small business by organizing with other IGA beneficiaries. She is very pleased and grateful for Global Giving and Path finder International for the support they provided her.

 Genzeb Getachew similarly, lives in Gulele sub-city and woreda 5 with her six children. Her husband died and the family was left with no support. Life for Genzeb become hard and bitter - to the point where her family spent a day without any food. Genzeb then applied to her sub-city women’s association to get Global Giving IGA support. After getting the seed money, she started working in small business and joined the organized micro finance enterprise.

Mekdes Gisila is also living in Gulele sub-city, woreda 5 with her husband and their four children. They have a very little income, which is not adequate to support her large family. Though Mekdes is a young energetic woman with a lot of experience in home economic products who wants to engage in small business to improve her family’s life, a lack of initial money prevented her from realizing her desire. She heard about the Global Giving IGA support from her friend and she applied to the sub-city women’s association for seed money. After receiving support, Mekdes started working on the small business along with other group members with great pleasure and enthusiasm.   

The following four women were selected from Arada sub- city women’s association based on the criteria indicated in each of their profiles.

 Abozenech G/ Wold is living in Arada sub-city, woreda 7, with her two   female and two male children. She is divorced from her husband. Abozenech did not want to sit idle.  She tried to do very small business of selling food items, but the income she earned was not enough. Though one of her children graduated with a diploma, she has not secured a job so far and Abozenech needs to support the family. Abozench applied to the Arada sub city women’s association to get Global Giving IGA support.  The sub-city association recommended her to be a member of the IGA beneficiaries and she was given the seed money to expand her business and improve her family life.

Almaz Demo also lives in Arada sub-city, woreda 7. Her husband died and she is responsible for taking care of her two children. Almaz tried to sustain her family life through a very small income from selling food items, but life got harder as the living conditions became more expensive. Sending her children to school became difficult. Thus, Almaz wanted to get some support and expand her business to change her family living condition. She applied to the Global Giving IGA support, received seed money, and engaged in the small microfinance enterprise “Baltina” with other beneficiaries. Almaz said, “I am very lucky getting this support, I am very pleased. I will do all my best to render my skill along with my fellow members. I will make anything possible to change the living condition of my children and myself. For this, I genuinely want to express my deep gratitude to Global Giving and Path finder International for this important and life-saving support. This support creates great confidence and pleasure in our entire future endeavor.”

Aregash Senbet also lives in Arada sub-city, woreda 7. She has three children and her husband is a day-laborer working for a very low wage. They were living in very poor conditions and the income they earn is not enough to properly feed their family and send their children to school. Aregash needed to start a small business to support her family. She heard about Global Giving IGA support and applied to the sub-city women’s association, and received seed money. She became a member of small micro finance enterprise and started working with the organized group of other beneficiaries.

Emebet Abebe is also living in same sub-city and woreda, along with her pensioned husband and her five children. Two of her children have completed their high school education, but are jobless. It is the limited monthly pension salary that covers the immediate need of the whole family. Emebet wanted to start a small business to support her family and change their poor living condition. She applied to the Global Giving IGA fund. She got the IGA seed money and started running a small business by organizing with other micro finance enterprise members.

Mar 28, 2012

New scholarships; new take on life

GlobalGiving Scholarship Program

Report on activities between January – March 2012



Over the reporting period and with funds from GlobalGiving, Pathfinder International has chosen three new girls to be beneficiaries of our scholarship program in Ethiopia. Below, please find brief profiles for the three girls who were selected in February 2012.


Kasu Teshome was born in Amhara region Lalibel, Bugna woreda. She is 15 years old and a 7th grade student. Kasu has three sisters and two brothers. Her father died when she was young and her mother was no longer able to support her. As a result, she came to Addis to live with her uncle. Her uncle has three children and is divorced. He runs a small business, but it is hard to support such a large family with his limited income.

Thus, life became very difficult for Kasu and she was on the verge of dropping out of school. Taking her problem into consideration, her school teachers and director recommended that she receive a Global Giving scholarship. She was very pleased to receive a Global Giving scholarship and she is now motivated to continue her education.


Hilina G. Yohanes was born in Addis Ababa, Lideta sub-city, Woreda 4. She is 14 years old and in the 7th grade. She has 2 sisters. Unfortunately, her father who was a government employee died suddenly. As a result of his death, the whole family was left without support and life became difficult. Her mother was unable to properly feed and support her family. Thus, the sub-city women’s association, realizing their problem, recommended Hilina for Global Giving scholarship support. At present, she is provided with the scholarship. She is now able to properly attend her education and she is very grateful for the scholarship. Hilina said, “I am very lucky for getting this great support. I am inspired; it gives me a courage and great confidence to reach my dream.”


Addis Alem Mulugeta was born in Addis Ababa, sub-city of Addis Ketema, Woreda 3. She is 15 years old and has four sisters. Her mother died suddenly from high blood pressure and life soon become difficult for her and her sisters. As a result, Addis Alem was unable to attend school. Therefore, considering the family’s troubles, the Addis Ababa sub-city women’s association’s executive members recommended that at least one of the girls from the family continue school through a Global Giving scholarship support. Addis Alem was selected to receive the scholarship. Now she will be able to continue her education.

The following table provides a summary of the number of girls Pathfinder has been able to support through Global Giving scholarships:

Total number of scholarship beneficiaries as of to date: 70 (see attached word document for breakdown by grade). 

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