Phoenix Fund

Our mission is to conserve the exceptionally rich fauna and flora of the Russian Far East, the only region where Amur tigers and leopards survive in the wild. These magnificent animals are threatened by habitat deterioration, poaching of the big cats themselves and depletion of their prey populations.
Jul 15, 2013

Fire-fighting in the southern part of Land of the Leopard National Park

Creating a fire-break
Creating a fire-break

Fires originate primarily near the railroad, the main road and settlements, as well as near resorts on the coast. Almost all fires that enter the Kedrovaya Pad Nature Reserve and the Land of the Leopard National Park originate in the multiple-use lands of the Bezverkhovo Municipality. For example, a large hill in the southeastern part of the reserve has lost its forest cover due to frequent fires originating from Bezverkhovo. Therefore, improved fire control here is essential not only to reduce ground fires in already-open grasslands, promoting their eventual restoration, but also to prevent further degradation of remaining forests.  In 2011, we created a fire brigade responsible for fighting fires, identifying arsonists and creating new firebreaks in the Leopardovyi Wildlife Refuge (later Land of the Leopard National Park). This brigade is managed by Evgeny Stoma, the inspector of the National Park. We purchased a used van for patrolling and equipment for the team, including high-pressure air blowers, protective clothing, wireless communication equipment and other essential items. Every year brigade members is hired by Stoma and receive training.

In 2013, fire prevention measures started in the protected area in early February.  A bulldozer started to do a new fire break along the railway.  The works were finished only in the middle of April. A route of the fire break was chosen maximum close to the borders of the protected area (railway) so that the most vulnerable part of the forestland of the national park became well protected.

In spring, replacing an old vehicle, a new UAZ with more number of seats and better off-road capability was purchased.

In mid-March a fire-fighting team of volunteers was fully manned/ staffed, equipped and trained on fire-fighting methods, first aid treatment and work with communication devices.    First, the team began working with local people informing them about the start of fire season and important fire safety rules. The volunteer fire fighters also told the villagers about responsibilities stipulated by law for use of open flame fires during the fire danger season on the territory of the protected area and gave people contact details so that they could report about ignitions. In March, the team members attended a training session organized by Greenpeace-Russia and shared their knowledge and experience on fire-fighting measures. 

Every day the team went to patrol the assigned area early in the morning. Three to four team members surveyed the area for fires from high-elevation lookout posts while the other members patrolled in a minivan. The team members communicated using two-way radios (a fixed set in the van and hand-held sets for the outposts) as well as with cellular phones. The combination of observation from look-out posts and patrolling ensured that fires were spotted quickly and that fire-fighting started when fires were still small. The mini-van dropped off team members near fires that had been spotted and these team members usually managed to put out the fire quickly. If a fire was difficult to control, then additional team members were collected from look-out posts. During patrols the team regularly contacted a volunteer fire-fighting team operating in Slavyanka model area (a joint project with the Slavyanka Municipality and the Land of the Leopard National Park), shared information on the current fire situation and assisted each other to put out forest fires.  

It is worth mentioning that during the reported period the team members worked well-coordinated. If we look at a satellite image above, we can see five areas where forest fires started simultaneously as a result of arsons by unknown people. Within an hour the team of volunteers arrived at the scene and, after a couple of hours, extinguished the fires.  Thanks to the effective teamwork of the volunteers the fire was not let to spread over the borders of the protected area.  

On April 16, the team assisted inspectors of the protected area to put out a fire started inside the Kedrovaya Pad Nature Reserve. 

All in all, during spring fire danger season the team extinguished 16 fires, including five on the protected area (along the railway) and 11 fires on the adjacent territories. On May 20, 2013 the fire season was officially over.

After a successful day in the field
After a successful day in the field
Jul 15, 2013

Anti-poaching activities in Zov Tigra

During the second quarter of 2013 the inspectors conducted 20 anti-poaching patrols and covered 2,801 km, including 502 km on foot, in order to reveal and prevent wildlife crimes in Zov Tigra National Park. As a result, three administrative citations were issued upon violators: one for camping outside of the designated campgrounds, one for violation of fire safety rules, and one for illegal presence in the protected area. Patrols were intensified on the North and South areas due to the start of the tourist season and revitalization of ginseng root gatherers.   

Within the past few years Zov Tigra National Park has become one of the most popular tourist destinations in Primorye, and as a result a large number of tourists flock to the protected area, and most of them prefer entering the Park without getting special permission at the Park’s visitor centre. For example, in May a senior lady was stopped in the Park and was issued a written warning for illegal entering the protected area. In June, a group of tourists was fined for setting up a campfire out of the fire pit area.

We are glad to report that the Park’s specialists found evidence indicating that the number of Amur tigers increased in the national park compared to previous year. It is worth mentioning that at the end of 2012 there was a drastic situation when wolf population began steadily growing within the Park. At least, a few litters of wolf pups were recorded. And there was a danger that wolves could completely destroy the ungulate population in the Park. Luckily, at the beginning of the year 2013 the Park’s employees noticed that the density of tiger tracks significantly increased on the North area of the Park indicating that more tigers appeared there; and as a result in winter the wolf population was displaced by tigers. According to images from camera traps installed in the Park, there are eight Amur tigers and approximately four cubs, all about one year and a half old, living there.

Besides patrolling, the inspectors also were involved in other activities. For example, in April, they cleared a fire break (11 km long between the Kovarny and Kamenka streams) from dry leaves and felled trees in order to prevent ignition there. Also, areas near the Central and Milogradovsky inspector’s stations were cleared from felled trees. Additional campgrounds were built in the Park.

“Generally speaking, a number of violations has decreased compared with the same period of time in 2012”, says Yuri Bersenev, director of the Zov Tigra National Park. “People have become aware of a high possibility of being caught and punished for their illegal activities here”. 

Apr 17, 2013

Best ranger serves the national park

We are glad to report that one of the best wildlife rangers of our region fights poaching in the Zov Tigra national park! In September 2012 during the celebration of annual Tiger Day festival in Vladivostok the names of the two Best Rangers of Primorsky province were announced following the result of the anti-poaching work in 2011-2012. For three years the Zov Tigra national park successfully implements law-enforcement monitoring program MIST which allows evaluating the performance of each anti-poaching inspector. This year two best wildlife rangers – Eugeny Terentyev state inspector of the Land of the Leopard national park and Sergei Marchenko state inspector of response team of Zov Tigra national park - were awarded with a trip to India. A visit to the fantastic tiger range country was sponsored by the International Fund for Animal Welfare (IFAW).

A few weeks ago Sergei return to his homeland and shared some impressions from the trip and tiger protection system in India with his colleagues. The program included visits to three tiger reserves, exchange of experience with Indian rangers and meetings with locals. During the travel Sergei saw a great number of wild animals walking freely around the protected territories and being under reliable protection of the Indian guards. He also mentioned that the protection system is arranged more effective there: camera-traps are placed everywhere, information is instantly transferred through satellite communication to the rangers’ computers. Without leaving a guard post Indian inspectors can see everything that happens in the reserved area. Locals treat the security guards with deep respect and rangers themselves never break the park rules.

Such an experience is very valuable for Russian state inspectors as they feel more appreciation of their effort to protect tiger. Also from seeing the new and different methods of patrol work they can introduce some improvements to the existing protection system of the parks and reserves here in Russia. 

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