Phoenix Fund

Our mission is to conserve the exceptionally rich fauna and flora of the Russian Far East, the only region where Amur tigers and leopards survive in the wild. These magnificent animals are threatened by habitat deterioration, poaching of the big cats themselves and depletion of their prey populations.
Nov 25, 2014

Leopardess Sophie and her cubs

For all our supporters who follow the fate of leopardess Sophie and her cubs that dwell in the vicinity of Olenevod deer farm we have some good news!

The photographs received from camera-traps in the middle of November prove that mother and her cubs are doing well. Take a look!

It is to be recalled that for more than two years the female Amur leopard Sophie lives in close proximity to one of the deer farms located in the Khasansky district of Primorye. Such neighborship is unfavorable to the owner because the animal uses his territory as the hunting site. Therefore, the farmer suffers constant damage from leopard’s presence.
To solve the conflict between the man and the animal the Phoenix Fund together with the Institute of environmental problems and evolution of A.N. Severtsov of the Russian Academy of Sciences developed a special program which helps to maintain tolerant relation of the farmers towards rare predators. The main difference of this program from paying compensation to the owner of cattle for the damage caused by a predator is that every month the farmer receives a fixed sum of money for the fact of leopard’s presence in close proximity to his territory.

Nov 5, 2014

Tiger named Kuzya crosses into China

The Amur tiger Kuzya, who was released into the wild in May and has moved around the Amur Region and Jewish Autonomous Region, has crossed into China, the Severtsov Institute of Environment and Evolution of the Russian Academy of Sciences has reported.

After wandering in the two regions, the tiger approached the Amur River, walked along it for several days and then swam towards China. The tiger’s movement is monitored by experts of the Severtsov Institute via its GPS collar. They also notified the regional authorities in Russia and China about the tiger’s location.

The Chinese news agency Xinhua has announced, citing Chen Zhigang, the director of the nature reserve, that the local authorities hope Kuzya would be safe in China.

Chen Zhigang said the tiger entered the Taipinggou Nature Reserve in Heilonjiang in northeastern China. The police have notified the local farmers about the tiger. Sixty infrared camera traps installed in the Taipinggou reserve will record the tiger’s movements. The tiger should have enough to eat because various animal species live in the reserve on an area of 20,000 hectares, Chen Zhigang said, adding that, if necessary, they could release cattle into the reserve.

According to experts, tigers often cross the Russian-Chinese border. The staff of the Russian Academy of Sciences’ Permanent Expedition to study animals listed in the Red Data Book of Russia and other important species of Russian fauna previously recorded tigers and brown bears with GPS collars crossing into China southwest of the Primorye Territory.

Oct 28, 2014

Final project report

(c) Zov Tigra National Park
(c) Zov Tigra National Park

Phoenix has been co-operating fruitfully with Zov Tigra National Park since its establishment in 2008 and will continue to assist in their efforts to keep tiger and prey numbers stable.

The anti-poaching teams of the Park prevent/reveal violations of protection regime, gather all tips concerning supposed tiger traders, dealers or orders for tiger skin, if there is any, and forward this information to relevant agencies (customs, police).

Thanks to the financial support from GlobalGiving donations in previous years, rangers in the field have the most sophisticated tools they need to patrol wild places threatened by armed and rather well-funded hunters illegally killing off tiger prey in the national park. We provided our rangers with the best equipment and smartest technology to effectively combat all kinds of poaching.

Unfortunately, the Federal Government has not been allocating sufficient funds for the Park to operate in full force. Thanks to our GlobalGiving supporters, the law enforcement staff could conduct anti-poaching patrols on a regular basis in 2011-2014, and we managed to increase the efficiency of anti-poaching efforts in Zov Tigra which contributed to a 400% increase of tigers in the national park last year. The all-terrain vehicle was purchased for the Park’s rangers. Through supporting regular anti-poaching patrols, supplying rangers with fuel and spare parts for patrol vehicle, and implementing Spatial Monitoring and Reporting programme SMART, we ensured adequate protection of the Amur tigers and their habitat in Zov Tigra National Park.

The Phoenix Fund is satisfied with the overall progress of the project. From January through October 2014, Phoenix provided Zov Tigra National Park with fuel, spare and repair parts to carry out regular anti-poaching and habitat protection patrols. Anti-poaching activities were implemented by guardians. The main anti-poaching methods were as follows:

-              foot, car, ATV, snowmobile and motorcycle patrols;

-              checking camps, winter cabins and recreation centres located in the PA;

-              making night ambushes on roads leading to the Park;

-              tracking hunters in spring when there is thin crust of ice over snow;

-              gathering all tips concerning poaching cases or other violations within PAs.

In 2014, we had two meetings (in May and August) at the Zov Tigra National Park during which we discussed the results achieved in 2013 and 2014. During the first half of this year, the law enforcement efforts in Zov Tigra National Park were higher than in 2013! It means the quality of patrol efforts increased substantially: the inspectors carried out more foot patrols, spent more time on patrols, and increased frequencies of patrols. And there are more tigers there. In the beginning of 2014, the protection system of the Zov Tigra remained the same: the inspectors were on duty at two guarding stations at the entry gates with 10 days shifts and two mobile anti-poaching teams - the South and the North teams – that regularly patrolled the protected lands. The inspectors used jeeps, motorcycles, snowmobiles and ATVs depending on the route and weather conditions to get to the remote areas of the park. During the first half of the year, only three violations took place in ZTNP.

During the many-days patrol carried out from April 27 through May 10, the North team revealed an illegal salt ground and a hide on the northern edge of the national park near Sukhaya Rechka. The inspectors disassembled the construction and removed it from the site. Poachers had no chance to use this infrastructure anymore, and wildlife crime was prevented thanks to timely response of the mobile team.

On May 14, inspectors Tikhonovich and Borisenko were patrolling the road along the Sobolinny spring leading towards mountain Oblachnaya and stopped a man who entered the protected area illegally. An administrative citation was issued and violator was imposed a fine.

The third violation was also a trespassing and was registered by the South team near Kamensky waterfall on June 16. The inspectors wrote an administrative report and fined a violator.

In total, from January through July 2014, the anti-poaching teams of the Zov Tigra National Park conducted 580 day and night patrols and revealed 11 violations.

The reason why we decided to terminate this project on GlobalGiving is that in August 2014 Zov Tigra National Park and Lazovsky Nature Reserve were amalgamated to become one institution renamed United Directorate of Federal Nature Reserves and National Parks. Phoenix will continue its support for United Protected Area to prevent weak performance under the new administration. We feel that there is a chance we would not be able to meet commitments to our GlobalGiving supporters with this project during the transition time. You can always follow our work and get fresh news on our projects at http://fundphoenix.org/en/

Let us thank you once again for the great support you provided for Zov Tigra National Park. Your support ensured the survival of Amur tigers there!

 

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