The end of July marks the half-way point for the Tohoku construction season, and we figured we could take stock of how our collaborative rebuilding projects are helping the tsunami-stricken region recover. The four featured cast a wide net of methods, materials and the unique conditions demanding their careful consideration.
(See project details & imgs further below)
Akahama Covered Alley Completed In the beginning of May, the second phase of the construction finally started with the local community members and volunteers from Tokyo under the supervision of the master carpenter, Mr. Hoshino. In the middle of June, we mostly completed the construction. We still need to put some finishing touches after the typhoon season ends in July such as solar-powered lighting fixtures on each landing and add some landscaping around. We expect the project to be completed by the end of August.
Shizugawa Banya In ConstructionThe government paved the site in the end of May. It pushed back our schedule a bit, but it was good that they did before we started our construction. Building permit was finally approved on June 20, 2012. Then the pre-fab contractor started to coordinate the factory to build two units. The fabrication phase was extended because the contractor could not find a local sub-contractor to work on the interior finish, so they had to order the job at the factory instead. Due to the fact, we are expecting the units to come on site on August 20, 2012. As soon as they are delivered, we should be able to complete the project within a month to finally provide the proper workspace that these fishermen deserve. Our most urgent challenge ahead is to keep the sense of urgency and to push to better their delivery schedule.
Oshika House CompletedAfter three months of search for a contractor, we broke ground for the Oshika House on June 15, 2012. Even after we started the construction, challenges kept coming. Since the construction season in Tohoku is short and many reconstruction projects are going up, there is severe shortage of building materials and labor right now. The contractors had hard time tracking down necessary lumber, equipment and paint. With great help from volunteers, the team finished up the construction on July 17, and held an opening event on July 21.
Maeami-hama community house Pre-designProfessor Hiroto Kobayashi at Keio University and his students designed and constructed a similar community building in Utazu area of Minami-sanriku-cho, Miyagi Prefecture. They used plywood sheets that were washed out by the tsunami to create the structural framing. (See the photos on Page 10.) This innovative new building technique allowed them to construct the building inexpensively with much help from the community members and student volunteers during the construction.
Professor Kobayashi agreed to partner with us to design and build a community house for the people in Maeami-hama. We are very excited about this partnership.
AKAHAMA COVERED ALLEY - COMPLETED
This is the second place winner of the first round of Build Back Better Tohoku. Akahama village lost 100 residents out of 900. Most of them moved into the temporary housing. Because of the random placement of residents and the callous layout of units, the sense of community is dissipated.
The community with the help from NPO Midorino-ie School proposed a set of covered staircases between units built on the terraced site in order to connect upper units and lower units. Currently they have to walk on a steep slope, and they are worried snow and ice on the slope in winter making extremely dangerous to walk on. The residents are encouraged to lend their hand for the construction to cultivate the sense of community. The stairs and roof are designed to reflect the traditional architecture as well as utilize local materials.
HIGHLIGHTS The first set of four covered stairways was built by the end of December 2012. The stairway was constructed with the traditional Japanese joinery.
The second phase construction began immediately after the phase one, but, due to the snowy winter weather in Tohoku, the outside construction work has been slowed significantly.
Meanwhile, the community leader, Mr. Okamoto, told us that the first set of the covered stairs has been very useful during the snowy winter. He also mentioned that everybody appreciates the high quality of work and its beauty in their dreary temporary housing complex.
Finally the residents can safely navigate through the complex, and perhaps have some impromptu social gatherings happening at covered landings. The final photos will be posted on the Akahama Alley page when they become available.
Framing on second flight; roof on third flight
IMPACTThe installation of the staircase with roof to link housing units on the terraced site. This will vastly improve the communication between families and provide an accessible route.
BENEFICIARIES 800 residents of Akahama Temporary Housing Complex in Otsuchi, Iwate prefecture
CONSTRUCTION COST Partially funded by Punkt - $51,000 construction grant (total)
SHIZUGAWA BANYA - IN CONSTRUCTION
A group of 15 fishermen who lost everything for the Great East Japan Earthquake would like to rebuild their workplace and warehouse (called Banya in Japanese) as their new base of the town's fishing industry, which is the key industry of the area. These fishermen were used to operate individually, but now they would like to bring in each unique experience and idea to rebuild the collective aqua-farming business. They hope the return of fishing business would encourage the speedy reconstruction of the rest of the town.
IMPACT The project provides a storage and workspace for local fishermen, and will help them build back their business and boost morale of the community.
BENEFICIARIES • 15 Motohama fishermen and their families • 6,800 residents of Shizugawa who would benefit from their aqua-farming business and products directly and indirectly
CONSTRUCTION COST 8,993,250 JPY construction grant (approx. 114,000 USD at exchange rate of July 16, 2012)
OSHIKA HOUSE - COMPLETED
This is the first place winner of the first round of Build Back Better Tohoku RFP (Request for Proposal) program. Women’s Group of Oshika Peninsula Fishing Union in Ayukawa-hama in Ishinomaki has been making and selling woven bracelets with strings that fishermen use to fix fishing nets since a few months after the earthquake devastated their village. After the earthquake, they realized that they would need to diversify their economic structure in their village to build back their society, and become sustainable. Therefore they proposed to create a space for bracelet making and community gathering as well as serving prepared food to the community and tourists using local produce and seafood.
Oshika House build sequence
IMPACT Installation of a work space / café will allow the Women’s Group to empower them to become financially independent, and contribute to build the sustainable economy of the community.
BENEFICIARIES • 7 Mermamaid members and their families • Approximately 1,000 Ayukawahama residents CONSTRUCTION COST $51,000 construction grant (final)
MAEAMI-HAMA COMMUNITY HOUSE - PRE-DESIGN
Meami-hama is located on the Oshika Peninsula – about ninety minutes east of Ishinomaki in Miyagi Prefecture. People have to drive a long narrow and windy road, which is still left scarred by the earthquake-led landslides. The government aid hardly reaches the remote villages like Maeami-hama because the repair of damages in larger towns’ infrastructure gets more priority.
The earthquake and tsunami wiped out almost the whole village of Maeami-hama. Only five houses out of forty survived. The Maeami-hama Reconstruction Project Team has established in May 2011 after the residents lamented the government's slow response to the reconstruction of their village. The team has the total of nine members, and leads the community of eighty people.
Most of residents works for the aquaculture industry, and used to live on the water. The government laid out the no-build zone along the coast, and built a temporary housing complex for the residents of Maeami-hama on a higher ground, away from the coast where they work. It takes them about five minutes by car to commute now. The peninsula is mountainous with very limited flat land to build. Hence their temporary housing complex does not have an enough community space to have family gatherings such as weddings, funerals and other community events. Architecture for Humanity will design and construct a community house with the Meami-hama Reconstruction Project Team. The site is located at the entrance to the village, and owned by the fishermen’s union whom generouslydonated the land for the community. It is on the higher ground, so hardly gets under water.
Construction method as implemented on the Tokyo Chapter's Veneer House in minami sanriku
IMPACT The project will allow the community member to have a large gathering such as annual festivals, weddings, family reunions and so on.
BENEFICIARIES 100 community members of Maeami-hama
CONSTRUCTION COST $100,000 construction grant (estimated) / $40,000 (secured)
END OF REPORT
The AFH team on the ground has again proved their dedication and motivation to help move the Haitian people toward a safer, more improved living condition and create sustainable livelihoods. Villa Rosa, in it 3rd phase, is moving smoothly. In partnership with Cordaid Haiti, construction has begun, the team is en charrette - see below.
Comings & Goings
Warm welcome new volunteers Yves Paul and Angie Tabrizi, our new Office Manager Marie Fransonnette Prussien, and embrace the return of the volunteer architect Katie Schalow.
Fond farwell to program manager, and all round rockstar Sandhya Naidu, who has been with Architecture for Humanity for nearly 4 years. Sandhya is pursuing another Masters, and we wish her luck. Similary, Frederique Siegel after little more than a year as a Design Fellow, is moving back home to finish her Masters. She will be missed.
Design Opportunities & Program Needs
Directeur, planification et conception - Construction Manager - Structural Engineer - Haiti Volunteer Events
Haiti Meet n Greet - Friday, July 27, 5:30 - 7:30 Sports and physical education provide the foundations necessary for the development and well-being of younger people in society and the educational system. In disaster, soccer infrastructure becomes Haitian lifeline. Ernst (NONO) Jean Baptiste is invited to share with us the Misnirters of Sport's plan to provide education through sporsts. Contact Rolande Augustin for more details.
Project Status Report
Haiti School Initiative École Baptiste Bon Berger, Pele - Ph.1 CA 80% École Elie Dubois - Ph.1 CA 80% - Ph.2 CD 80% College Coeur Immacule de Marie (CIM) - SD 35% École Argentine - SD 15%Institut Foyer du Savoir - On Hold @ Ph.1 CA 24%École Baptiste Bon Berger, Pele - 1% Ph.1 CA 20%Academie Timoun (BAR Architects) - Ph.1 CACivicArt for Schools - Artwork under constructionCIM School - Schematic Design
Haiti Design Consultancy Santo Community Development Plan - Ph.4 CDMme Joa Clinic - CA 90%Haiti Partners Children's Academy (BAR Architects) - Ph.1 CARural Mapping Initiative- CD 100%
CA Construction Administration; CD Construction Documents; DD Design Development; SD Schematic Design; PD Pre-Design - About the Phases
"Ishi" in Japanese means "stone," and you don't have to go too far to see how closely Ishinomaki is tied to the stone upon which the city was founded 80 years ago. The tsunami has made this connection even more apparent. The streets have in recent decades been paved over with asphalt for the benefit of a comfortable commute. The powerful waters of last year's tsunami has torn some of this asphalt away - bringing daylight once more to the original stone pavers. It's details like these that bring a new layer of complexity and understanding to the residents of Ishinomaki. The economic hardships the city has suffered since the 80's and the destruction wrought by the 3/11 tsunami have tested the resolve of this industrial city's inhabitants -- whose response to such tests was to come together and help rebuild. Naomi Sato, an accountant in the community of Kitakami, has found herself as a leading player in her city's 'building back better.' The tsunami changed the direction of her life, as it has in the case of so many others, and Ms. Sato now counts herself among a growing field of dynamic players rebuilding the services and stability a town needs to make a rock-solid comeback.
Damaged storefronts in Ishinomaki, May 2012
Temporary Housing, May 2012 Before the earthquake, Naomi kept the books at a local general contractor’s office. In 2009, she joined the Kitakami Redevelopment Committee for the city of Ishinomaki. Naomi lost her husband to the earthquake, and now is the sole caretaker of their three children. She got depressed following the disaster, but quickly realized she had to move forward with her family. Determined to help her family and community rebuild after the earthquake, Naomi organized a group of local residents. The "We Are One" Market planning committee was founded by Naomi and four other mothers living in one of Ishinomaki's new temporary housing complexes. The committee's goal: to found a place for the residents of the housing complex to buy fresh food and for their children to meet after school. The vision, called Kitakimi “We Are One”, is to build a community center and market where mothers can work and watch neighborhood kids after school at the same time.
"We Are One" organizers and Architecture for Humanity staff meet with Kitakami officials to discuss the project.
Members of the "We Are One" team, including Naomi.
The site of the future market. Currently, Naomi and "We Are One" are selling fruits and vegetables from a small temporary market located there.
Inside the temporary market. In May, Naomi reported that the temporary market was doing well - there are many locals and contractors who are working on reconstruction projects that stop by every day, she says.
After Disaster, “We Are One”
Life in the isolated towns and villages of Tohoku has changed drastically since 3/11. Kitakami once had three elementary schools, but two of them were severely damaged by the tsunami and all students have been forced to attend the single surviving school. As a result, 250 students have been sharing a school designed for about 100 occupants. Not only were classrooms lost: Kitakami's public library, computer lab, and other after school meeting spots were destroyed as well. In the year following the earthquake, finding space for students to meet and study has been a priority for Kitakami residents.
The town also lost their closest market, meaning that residents living in the temporary housing complex have to drive about 15 miles to purchase fresh food. Folks without cars or who are too old to drive themselves have to rely on the generosity of their neighbors to buy fresh food, and the organizing committee wants to ensure that these community members can regain their independence and access to healthy eats.
Out of the scarcity of the life in Kitakami, community members have collaborated to identify how they can make the most out of a small piece of land they have near the temporary housing complex by building a joint community center and marketplace.
Architect Fumihiko Sasaki (see his firm's work) was introduced to the "We Are One" committee last fall. Given the community's limited financial resources (but unlimited resolve), Mr. Sasaki has proposed an innovative design. The building has been strategically pieced together from several prefabricated structures (which are substantially cheaper to 'build') and adorned with an inviting, lively facade. The financial sustainability of the market has been kept in mind, too: in addition to providing fresh food for nearby residents, "We Are One" organizers hope to entice travellers using the nearby highway to stop and shop the market.
Final elevation drawings of the market
A plan view of the proposal for a joint community market and youth center
Mr. Fumihiko Sasaki presents the designs to Naomi
Mr. Sasaki presents a model of the project to town officials
"We Are One" Market & Youth Center model
June 17, 2012, Shinto groundbreaking ceremony
Ms. Sato and Mr. Sasaki participate in the groundbreaking
On July 17, 2012, the "We Are One" Market permanent building broke ground. Design Fellow Akinobu Yoshikawa follows up on last week's groundbreaking ceremony:
"[The ceremony] was held on a warm but cloudy (partly raining) morning on July 17th, 2012...with children going to school and commuting workers passing by with amused eyes.... An old lady taking a walk from the nearby temporary housing complex, came to me asking what is going to get built. After explaining the project to her, she said it will nice to see something going up, and looks forward to the completion.
"This Shinto ceremony is a custom here in Japan and held regardless of the project type or scale. The first ceremony is this ground breaking ceremony. Fruits, vegetables, fish, and sake is presented to the gods (the items varies a little per location). The ground breaking ceremony is held in Japan to pray for the safekeeping of the workers and others involved while in construction. Next ceremony will be the framework completion ceremony when all the timber framing is completed. And at the end another one, the building completion ceremony will be held."
Construction will begin soon following Japan's Bon Festival. The goal is to wrap up the building process before the local ‘building season’ ends in October or November. (Tohoku's cold winters make it very difficult to keep building later in the year.) The completed market and youth center will serve 40 families – including over 350 students – in the nearby temporary housing, plus travelers using the adjacent highway. Stay tuned - we'll be providing updates as the "We Are One" market and youth center moves closer to completion!
About Paper Cranes for Japan
This 4-minute film tells the story of Paper Cranes for Japan—including the unveiling of a massive sculpture in Sendai Train Station using 100,000 of your paper cranes—and how it inspired a global movement that mobilized thousands of young people in 38 countries and all fifty states to support their Japanese peers following the March 2011 earthquake and tsunami. All told, Paper Cranes for Japan participants folded and shipped over 2 million paper cranes as a symbol of hope and healing for Japanese youth, raising $500,000 for Architecture for Humanity's Tohoku Rebuilding Program and projects like this!
Paper Cranes for Japan has been nominated for a CLASSY Award! If you like how this unique Awareness Campaign has supported Architecture for Humanity's work in Japan, Vote for PC4J Before JULY 26, 2012.