GlobalGiving’s Green projects focus significantly on addressing climate change in a sustainable manner, typically through:
To ensure additionality, the activities must not be required by regulation.
Potential projects are then scored based on a number of different factors. The first and most important of these factors is additionality, which describes how much a project reduces harmful emissions above and beyond what would be "business as usual" in that area. Here the project is scored using five tests for additionality:
For each of the five tests for additionality there is a guidance question which is ranked on a scale from 0-3. Each test for additionality is then weighted equally for the overall additionality score. Since additionality is the most important factor it is weighted most heavily in the overall scoring. There is no way for a project to score well overall without having an acceptable level of additionality. However, the total additionality score is weighted more heavily for projects that do well in this category. For those projects that have a lower but acceptable level of additionality, their additionality score is slightly de-emphasized in order to give them a chance to make up for it in the co-benefit categories.
Following the additionality scoring the projects are next scored on a series of four different co-benefits. This includes:
This measures how much a project supports the local economy while also being mindful of the ecology. For instance, these projects replace current economic activities with more sustainable alternatives. Or, they may increase efficiency of existing technology and spur investment in new technology.
This measures the number of other benefits the project creates beyond just emission reductions. These projects not only reduce emissions, they may offer direct/indirect health or safety benefits, reduce other pollutants, or reduce or avoid additional environmental impacts.
This measures the benefits to the community beyond emission reduction. While these projects are great for the environment, they may also offer educational opportunities, or increased independence and empowerment for community members.
Extent to which the project assists a community and its people to adapt to the ways climate change has affected their culture
Each of these co-benefits is weighted equally in the overall co-benefits score. For each co-benefit there are a variety of guidance questions that help to clarify a project’s value relative to each co-benefit. Each of these guidance questions are ranked on a scale from 0 to 2 and used to get the total score for each co-benefit. The total score for each co-benefit is then weighed equally to get a total co-benefit score. This score is combined with the total additionality score to give you the overall project score.
If the overall project score is at least 5 out of 10 then it is considered "green".